- Suhrawardy Udyan
Suhrawardy Udyan (Bangla: সোহরাওয়ার্দী উদ্যান) formerly known as Ramna Race Course ground is a national memorial located in
Dhaka, Bangladesh. It is named after Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy. Originally it served as the military club of the British soldiers stationed in Dhaka. It was then called the Ramna Race Course and later Ramna Gymkhana. After the end of colonial rule, the place - sometimes referred to as "Dhaka Race Course" - was used for legal horse racingon Sundays.
It is the resting place of three great national leaders, Sher-e-Bangla
A.K. Fazlul Huq, Khwaja Nazimuddinand Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardythe place being renamed in honour of the latter. The place is also etched in history as it was here that Sheikh Mujibur Rahmanmade the first of his stirring speeches in March 7, 1971months before the outbreak of hostilities between East Pakistanand West Pakistan. The original Flag of Bangladeshwas also hoisted here for the second time since it was first unfurled at the University of Dhakaand the first time it was flown at such a large public gathering in Bangladesh. It was also the site of the centuries old Ramna Kali Mandir, a Hindu temple and Dhaka landmark that was razed to the ground by the Pakistan Army on March 27th, 1971 in a massacre that led to the death of over 100 people.
Incidentally it became the setting for the surrender of
Pakistan Armyunder Lt. Gen. A. A. K. Niazion December 16, 1971after their defeat in the Bangladesh Liberation Warto the allied forces of Mitro Bahiniled by Jagjit Singh Aurora. The instrument of surrender was signed at this place and the date is celebrated by Bangladeshis as Victory Day. The place is currently maintained as historic park with an eternal flame setup in 1996to symbolise freedom.
Bangladesh Liberation War
* [http://banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/R_0104.htm Detailed timeline with photo]
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