- Shred guitar
Shred guitar or shred refers to lead
electric guitarplaying that relies heavily on fast passages; the act of playing fast passages on an electric guitar is termed ‘shredding’. While one critic argues that shred guitar is associated with "... sweep-picked arpeggios, diminished and harmonic minor scales, finger- tappingand ...whammy-bar abuse" [History of Shred: Uli Jon Roth Chris Yancik December, 2001 http://house-o-rock.com/HouseofShred/features/shredhistory/history_1201.htm] , several guitar writers argue that rather than being a musical definition, it is a fairly subjective cultural term used by guitarists and enthusiasts of guitar music. It is usually used with reference to hard rockand heavy metalguitar playing, where it is associated with rapid tappingsolos and special effects such as whammy bar ‘dive-bombs’. The term sometimes used with reference to playing outside this idiom, particularly country, jazz fusion, blues. [Lewis, Luke, ‘The Story of Shred’, "Total Guitar", March 2004, p38-41] [Govan, Guthrie, ‘Play Faster Now’, Guitar Techniques, November 2007 p16-26] , and some modern variants of bluegrass.
Dave Celentano's book "Secrets of Shred Guitar" argues that "...the secrets of shred", include "sweep, alternate and tremolo picking; string skipping; multi-finger tapping; legato, [and] trills." [Dave Celentano. "Secrets of Shred Guitar". Centerstream Publications; Pap/Com edition (January 1, 2007) ISBN-10: 1574242180 ISBN-13: 978-1574242188 ] The instructional book "Guitar Shred" includes exercises on "...Speed Building, Legato, Tapping, [and] Sweep Picking." ["Guitar Shred", by Chad Johnson, Barrett Tagliarino, and Mike Mueller. Hal Leonard; DVD/Paper edition (February 1, 2008) ISBN-10: 1423433092 ISBN-13: 978-1423433095 ] The GuitarPlayer.com reviewer of the book "Shred!" claims that the book covers the "...techniques shredders need to know—sweep picking, tapping, legato playing, whammy bar abuse, speed riffing, [and] thrash chording" Blast Into Hyperspace With the Otherworldly Power of Shred Guitar!May, 2006 http://www.guitarplayer.com/article/blast-into-hyperspace/may-06/20788 Shred guitarists also use two- or three-octave scale or mode, played ascending and descending at a fast tempo. This run or lick can be played by individually picking all, or a selection, of the notes, using techniques such as
alternate picking, or economy pickingFact|date=June 2008. Alternatively, the lick can be played by multiple-picking notes ( tremolo picking), or picking just the first or second note of a string followed by a rapid succession of hammer-ons and/or pull-offs (legato). Sweep pickingis used to play extremely rapid arpeggios across the fretboard(sometimes on all strings). The tappingtechnique is used to play rapid flourishes of notes or to play arpeggios or scalar patterns using pure legato with no picking. Various techniques are used to perform passages with wide intervals, and to create a flowing legatosound. Some performers make complex combinations of tapping and sweep picking.
In 1974 the German band Scorpions used their new guitarist
Ulrich Rothfor their album Fly to the Rainbow, for which the title track features Roth performing "...one of the most menacing and powerful whammy-bar dive bombs ever recorded". [History of Shred: Uli Jon Roth Chris Yancik December, 2001 http://house-o-rock.com/HouseofShred/features/shredhistory/history_1201.htm] A year later, Roth's solo guitar playing for the album " In Trance" "...would become the prototype for shred guitar. Everything associated with the genre can be found on this brilliant collection of songs - sweep-picked arpeggios, diminished minor harmonic scales, finger-tapping and ...jaw-dropping wang-bar abuse". [History of Shred: Uli Jon Roth Chris Yancik December, 2001 http://house-o-rock.com/HouseofShred/features/shredhistory/history_1201.htm] In 1979, Roth left the Scorpions to begin his own power trio named "Electric Sun"; his debut album "Earthquake" contained "...heaps of spellbinding fret gymnastics...and nimble-fingered classical workouts." [History of Shred: Uli Jon Roth Chris Yancik December, 2001 http://house-o-rock.com/HouseofShred/features/shredhistory/history_1201.htm] In 1978, a "heretofore unknown guitarist named Eddie Van Halen" from Los Angeles released "Eruption, a blistering aural assault of solo electric guitar" which featured rapid " tapping", which "had rarely been heard in a rock context before." Chris Yancik argues that it is this "...record, above any other, that spawned the genre of Shred." [History of Shred: Eddie Van Halen Chris Yancik October, 2001 http://house-o-rock.com/HouseofShred/features/shredhistory/history_1001.htm] Randy Rhoadsand Swedish guitarist Yngwie Malmsteenincorporated classical influences with complex guitar compositions.
GuitarPlayer.com's article "Blast Into Hyperspace With The Otherworldly Power Of Shred" reviews the book "Shred!" , and states that the pioneers were "Eddie Van Halen,
Al DiMeola, and Ritchie Blackmore; iconic ’80s players like Yngwie Malmsteen, George Lynch, and Randy Rhoads; and contemporary guitarists like Dimebag Darrell." This fast playing style combined with the heavily distorted tone of heavy metal music resulted in a new nickname, 'shred' Fact|date=June 2008. Progressive rock, heavy metal, hard rockand jazz fusion have all made use of and adapted the style successfully over the past two and a half decades. In general, however, the phrase "shred guitar" has been traditionally associated with instrumental rockand heavy metal guitarists. This association has become less common now that modern, evolved forms of metal have adopted shredding as well. In the 1990s, its mainstream appeal diminished with the rise of grungeand nu metal, both of which eschewed flashy lead guitar solos.
In 2003, "Guitar One Magazine" voted
Michael Angelo Batiothe fastest shredder of all time [cite web |url=http://philbrodieband.com/muso-shredders.htm |title=FASTEST GUITAR SHREDDERS |publisher=Phil Brodie Band |accessdate=2008-05-29 ] [cite web |url=http://www.geocities.com/imtheoptimator/guitone.jpg|title=Top 10 Fastest Shredders of All Time |publisher=Guitar One Magazine |accessdate=2008-05-29 ] .
Shred guitar players often use electric solidbody guitars such as
Fender, Ibanez, Kramer, Carvin, Jackson, Schecter, B.C. Richor ESP. Shred style guitarists often use locking tremolo systems, which stay more in tune when used for "dive bombing"-style sound effects. These guitars are commonly referred to as ' superstrats', and are generally high-end, expensive instruments. Some shred guitarists use elaborately-shaped models by B.C. Richor Dean, as well as modern versions of classic radical designs like Gibson's Flying V and Explorer models. Double-cutaway superstrat style guitars give performers easier access to the higher frets. Some shred guitarists, such as The Scorpions' Ulrich Rothhave used custom-made tremolo bars and developed modified instruments, such as Roth's "Sky Guitar, that would greatly expand his instrumental range, enabling him to reach notes previously reserved in the string world for violins." [History of Shred: Uli Jon Roth Chris Yancik December, 2001 http://house-o-rock.com/HouseofShred/features/shredhistory/history_1201.htm] Some shred guitar players use guitars with seven, eight or 12 strings to allow a greater range of notes. Most shred guitar players use a range of effects such as distortion and compression to facilitate the performance of shred techniques such as tapping, hammer-ons, and pull-offs, and to create a unique tone. Often, shred-style guitar players use high-gain vacuum tubeamplifiers such as Marshall, Carvin, Peavey, Mesa Boogie, Laney, Hughes & Kettner, and Randall.
While shredding on
bass guitaris less common, Billy Sheehanincorporates some electric guitar techniques into his bass playing.Fact|date=January 2008
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