South African Party (Union of South Africa)
- South African Party (Union of South Africa)
The South African Party was a political party that existed in the Union of South Africa from 1911 to 1934. The outline and foundation for the party was realized after the election of a 'South African party' in the 1910 South African general election under the leadership of Louis Botha. It was made up predominately of Afrikaner parties:
* Het Volk from the Transvaal
* Afrikaner Bond from the Cape Colony
* Orangia Unie from the Orange River Colony
The South African Party was launched by William Schreiner, the former attourney-general under the leadership of Cecil Rhodes. The party was intended to project a more moderate platform than that of the Afrikaner Bond. This party also advocated more peaceful relations with neighboring states, especially the Transvaal. Schreiner orginially formed the party to oppose the "personal domination of Mr. Rhodes." Eventually, the Afrikaner Bond would lend their support to form a new government. [Martin Meredith, "Diamonds, Gold and War" (New York: Public Affairs, 2007), 380-1.]
Initially its main political opposition came from Unionist Party, which supported similar policies, but was more English-speaking and took an instinctively pro-British stance.
The SAP would solidify after the departure of James Hertzog and more radical Boer nationalists who formed the National Party.
Rising discontent with the economic policies of the SAP during the bad economic times of the early 1920s culminated in a general strike in 1922. Though a combination of military intervention and negotiation ended the strike, the memory of it remained when the government, now a SAP-Unionist coalition government under the leadership of Jan Smuts, faced the 1924 South African general election, in which it was defeated by a National-South African Labour Party coalition. The SAP remained in opposition with its Unionist allies until the unrest of the Great Depression forced Prime Minister James Hertzog of the Nationals to form a coalition government and on December 5 1934 a merger into the United South African National Party.
Look at other dictionaries:
South Africa: White Settlement in South Africa — ▪ 1995 White settlement of South Africa began in 1652, when the Dutch East India Company established a station at Cape Town and soon introduced European settlers and black slaves. By the time Britain annexed the Cape Colony in 1814, white… … Universalium
SOUTH AFRICA — SOUTH AFRICA, republic comprising nine provinces – Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, North West, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Free State, and KwaZulu Natal. Prior to 1994, when multiracial democracy was introduced, there were four… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde — Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde Leader Carlos Gomes Júnior … Wikipedia
South Africa — Republic of, a country in S Africa; member of the Commonwealth of Nations until 1961. 42,327,458; 472,000 sq. mi. (1,222,480 sq. km). Capitals: Pretoria and Cape Town. Formerly, Union of South Africa. * * * South Africa Introduction South Africa… … Universalium
South Africa — This article is about the modern country. For other uses, see South Africa (disambiguation). Republic of South Africa … Wikipedia
South Africa under apartheid — Apartheid (meaning separateness in Afrikaans, cognate to English apart and ) was a system of legal racial segregation enforced by the National Party government of South Africa between 1948 and 1990. Apartheid had its roots in the history of… … Wikipedia
South Africa — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::South Africa <p></p> Background: <p></p> Dutch traders landed at the southern tip of modern day South Africa in 1652 and established a stopover point on the spice… … The World Factbook
South African Party — ▪ political party, South Africa former political party in South Africa, founded by Louis Botha (Botha, Louis) in conjunction with the creation of the Union of South Africa in 1910. It strove to conciliate British South Africans and Boers… … Universalium
South Africa — The settlement of Cape Town by the Dutch East India Company in 1652 provided the first opportunity for Protestantism to establish a foothold on the continent of Africa. The Reformed Church of the Netherlands primarily served the colonizers,… … Encyclopedia of Protestantism
South Africa — /saʊθ ˈæfrɪkə/ (say sowth afrikuh) noun a republic in the southern most part of Africa, bordered by Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Swaziland; the Dutch Cape Colony (formed 1652) became a British colony in 1806; after British victory… …