Unionist Party (South Africa)

Unionist Party (South Africa)

The Unionist Party was a pre-apartheid South African political party, which contested elections to the Union of South Africa parliament from the 1910 South African general election to its merger into the United Party in the 1930s. In May 1910, the Unionist Party of the Cape Colony legislature merged with the Constitutional Party of the Orange Free State to form the Unionist Party of South Africa. The party was a pro-British conservative party. It favoured the maintenance of a pro-British political culture in South Africa similar to that present in the other 'white dominions'.

It was for the protection of South African industries, particular the mining interests, from foreign competition that would force more unwanted 'coloured' immigration to South Africa, mainly from India. The party's interests were closely tied to those of the Anglo-South African middle class and the mining corporations in the diamond and gold mines of South Africa. It also enthusiastically supported British imperialism, and many of its founding members were those who had championed the British cause in the Second Boer War. Its first leader was Leander Starr Jameson, leader of the ill-fated Jameson Raid before the Boer War. Faced with growing nationalism among the enfranchised whites and coloureds of South Africa, the Unionist Party's base dwindled and it was forced into an alliance with the South African Party in a futile attempt to stop the National Party from coming to power in the 1924 South African general election. Eventually, the SAP-UP coalition agreed to a coalition government in 1934 as the United Party in response to economic pressures during the Great Depression.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • United Party (South Africa) — The United Party was South Africa s ruling political party between 1934 and 1948. It was formed by a merger of most of Prime Minister Barry Hertzog s National Party with the rival South African Party of Jan Smuts, plus the remnants of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Unionist Party — The name Unionist Party could refer to:*Canada: **Unionist Party (Canada) of 1917 1920 **Unionest Party in Saskatchewan in the 1980s*Guatemala: **Unionist Party (Guatemala)*India ** Unionist Party (Punjab), the major party from the 20s till about …   Wikipedia

  • South African Party (Union of South Africa) — The South African Party was a political party that existed in the Union of South Africa from 1911 to 1934. The outline and foundation for the party was realized after the election of a South African party in the 1910 South African general… …   Wikipedia

  • Unionist Party (Scotland) — The Unionist Party, referred to as the Scottish Unionist Party outside of Scotland itself, was the main centre right political party in Scotland between 1912 and 1965. Use of the terms Unionist and Tory , as opposed to Conservative , is a… …   Wikipedia

  • List of political parties in South Africa — A list of political parties in South Africa. South Africa is a democratic but one party dominant state with the African National Congress in power. Opposition parties are allowed, but are widely considered to have no real chance of gaining power …   Wikipedia

  • 1955 in South Africa — See also: 1954 in South Africa, other events of 1955, 1956 in South Africa and the Timeline of South African history. EventsJanuary* Mimi Coertse makes her debut as the First Flower girl in Parsifal at the Teatro San Carlo in Naples with Karl… …   Wikipedia

  • 1903 in South Africa — See also: 1902 in South Africa, other events of 1903, 1904 in South Africa and the Timeline of South African history. Events* The County of Pembroke , a British cargo ship, is shipwrecked near Port Elizabeth * February Mahatma Gandhi enrolled to… …   Wikipedia

  • South African Party — ▪ political party, South Africa       former political party in South Africa, founded by Louis Botha (Botha, Louis) in conjunction with the creation of the Union of South Africa in 1910. It strove to conciliate British South Africans and Boers… …   Universalium

  • Party Alliance Our Moldova — Partidul Alianţă Moldova Noastră President Serafim Urechean Founded 19 July 2003 Dissolv …   Wikipedia

  • Unionist Government 1895–1905 — 3rd Marquess of Salisbury …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”