Kulma Pass

Kulma Pass

Infobox Mountain Pass
Name = Kulma Pass
Photo =
Caption =
Elevation = 4,362 m./14,311 ft.
Location = TJK / CHN
Range = Pamir Range

Coordinates =

The Kulma Pass (Chinese: 阔勒买山口; Pinyin: kuòlèmài shānkǒu)(elevation 4,362 m./14,311 ft.) is a mountain pass across the Pamir Mountains on the border between the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region of Tajikistan and the Xinjiang Autonomous Region of China. The pass opens from the north to the southeast, and is 500m wide from north to south and 1 km in length from east to west with a gentle incline not exceeding 20 degrees. The pass provides for the only overland border crossing along the 450 km boundary between the two nations. [ [http://news.xinhuanet.com/local/2006-12/24/content_5526026.htm 中塔卡拉苏口岸进入“冬歇期” 明年5月恢复通关 ] ]

On the Tajik side, the pass is 80 km by road to Murghab and about 850 km to Dushanbe. On the Chinese side, the pass is 13.9 km from Karasu (卡拉苏口岸), a port of entry on the Karakorum Highway which leads to Tashkurgan (60-70 km) and Kashgar (220 km). The pass is open from the 16th to the 30th day of each month from May to November.

The pass was closed for many years due to political tensions between the Soviet Union and China, and then the Tajik Civil War. In 1997, China and Tajikistan signed an agreement to develop a commercial corridor between the two countries through the pass. The opening of the pass reduced cargo travel time between the two countries by ten to fifteen days, obviating lengthy detours into Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.

Since the pass was officially opened on May 25, 2004, traffic volume has grown considerably. In the first three months after the pass opened, an official tally by the Tajik Ministry of Traffic and Roads counted legal crossings of just 17 trucks, 10 buses, 240 tons of cargo, and 171 people over a three-month period. Unofficial transits are believed to be more common, as many locals lack passports needed to cross the pass legally. Townsend, pp. 48-54] From May to August 2006, the Chinese Ministry of Commerce registered 649 cargo shipments totaling 11,218.5 metric tons of goods. [http://xinjiang.mofcom.gov.cn/aarticle/sjshangwudt/200609/20060903058049.html] In the same three months the following year, traffic volume reached 1,836 cargo shipments and 30,556 metric tons. [ [http://www.chinawuliu.com.cn/cflp/newss/content/200709/652_85722.html 喀什:卡拉苏口岸过货量突破三万吨 ] ] In all, travelers made 12,500 trips through the pass in 2007 transporting 56,300 metric tons of goods worth US$250 million. Commonly traded goods include automobiles, construction materials, machinery, electronics, furniture, eggs, and rice.


*Townsend, Jacob (June 2005). [http://www.silkroadstudies.org/new/inside/publications/Townsend_4.pdf "China and Afghan Opiates: Assessing the Risk"] . Central-Asia Caucasus Institute, Silk Road Studies Program [http://www.silkroadstudies.org/new/inside/publications/] at Johns Hopkins University and Uppsala University.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kulma-Pass — xBWxx Kulma Pass Passhöhe 4.362 m Region …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mei Pass — (simplified Chinese: 梅关; traditional Chinese: 梅關; pinyin: Méi Guān, Gan: Mi guan; literally Plum Pass ) is a strategic site around 30 km north of Nanxiong (南雄) Municipality, Guangdong province, China. It is situated in the Meiling Mountains… …   Wikipedia

  • Mintaka Pass — between Pakistan and China Elevation …   Wikipedia

  • Diphu Pass — Elevation 4,587 m (15,049 ft) Location Location …   Wikipedia

  • Mustagh Pass — The Mustagh Pass or Muztagh Pass is a pass across the Baltoro Muztagh range in the Karakorams which includes K2, the world s second highest mountain. The crest of the Baltoro Muztagh marks the present border between Pakistani and Chinese… …   Wikipedia

  • Mana Pass — Elevation 5,608 m (18,399 ft) Location Location …   Wikipedia

  • Niangzi Pass — (simplified Chinese: 娘子关; traditional Chinese: 娘子關; pinyin: Niángzǐ Guān), also called the Ladies Pass, is a mountain pass west of Shijiazhuang, capital of Hebei Province in North China. One of the major passages from Shanxi Province to Hebei… …   Wikipedia

  • Iron Gate Pass — Coordinates: 41°48′35.47″N 86°11′25.80″E / 41.8098528°N 86.1905°E / 41.8098528; 86.1905 …   Wikipedia

  • List of mountain passes — This is a list of mountain passes. Africa *Halfaya Pass *Moteng Pass (Lesotho) *Mahlasela pass (Lesotho)Asia* Khunjerab Pass Pakistan China (highest international border crossing at 4693 m.) * Khyber Pass Pakistan Afghanistan * Kotal e Lataband * …   Wikipedia

  • Nathu La — Stairs leading to the border on the Indian side Elevation 4,310 m (14,140 ft) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”