- Blue-bellied Parrot
name = Blue-bellied Parrot
status = NT | status_system = IUCN3.1
trend = down
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
tribus = Arini
genus = "Triclaria"
genus_authority = Wagler, 1832
species = "T. malachitacea"
binomial = "Triclaria malachitacea"
binomial_authority = (Spix, 1824)
The Blue-bellied Parrot or Purple-bellied Parrot ("Triclaria malachitacea") is the only
speciesin its genus. It is generally considered endemic to the humid Atlantic forestof southeastern Brazil, but there are two unconfirmed records from Missiones in Argentina. It occurs up to 1000 m. (3300 ft).
It is a relatively long-tailed
parrotwith a total length of c. 28 cm. (11 in). It is green overall and the bill is whitish. Only the male has the bluish-purple patch on the belly for which this speciesis named. It has a whistled call and pairs will sing in duet, but it is typically fairly quiet and therefore easily overlooked.
It has been recorded feeding on
seeds, fruits, flower buds, nectarand some insects. The nestis placed in the cavity of a large tree or palm. It nests between September (October in Rio Grande do Sul) and January. The pair is highly territorial during the breeding season.
Much of the original forest cover in its range has been removed in favour of cultivated crops like
tobaccoand bananas. Now mostly restricted to remnant forest strips on slopes and ridges, which cover far less than 10% of the original range. Previously, it was believed that 5,000-10,000 birds survived, but recent evidence suggests that c. 10,000 survive in the state of Rio Grande do Sul alone. Significant populations also exists in the states of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, but population estimates for these are not available. Regardless, numbers are dwindling throughout its range due to further habitat changes. The cage-bird trade is not considered a major threat at this point, as only a small number are captured for the local market, but nevertheless fair numbers reached the Netherlandsin the 1970-1980s. It occurs in 14 protected areas.
* Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is near threatened.
* Juniper, T., & M. Parr. (2003). "A Guide to the Parrots of the World." Pica Press. ISBN 0713669330
* [http://www.arkive.org/species/GES/birds/Triclaria_malachitacea/ Blue-bellied Parrot information & photos.] ARkive. Accessed on
January 14 2008.
* [http://lienluu.com/lb/pages/pb/gallery.php "Triclaria malachitacea" @ Birds New York]
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