- Mansa district
Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
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Mansa district is situated in
Punjab, India. The main town is Mansa. It was formed on 13 April 1992from the erstwhile Bathinda district.
The district has an
areaof 2174 km² and a populationof 688,630 (2001 census), with a population densityof 317 persons per km². The district is roughly triangular in shape, and is bounded on the northwest by Bathinda district, on the northeast by Sangrur district, and on the south by Haryanastate. The district is divided into three tehsils, Budhlada, Mansa, and Sardulgarh. The Ghaggar Riverflows through Sardulgarh tehsil in the southwestern corner of the district. It is situated on the rail line between Bathinda- Jind- Delhisection and also situated on the Barnala- Sardulgarh- Sirsaroad.
Agriculture and industry
Mansa is situated in the
cottonbelt of Punjab and therefore popularly called the "Area of white gold". Indeed agriculture forms the backbone of the district economy. During the months of November and December a visitor to this part of Punjab can witness the pristine, milky white blooms of cotton.
Industrially, the district is very deficient, yet some
tradeand industryis being carried out in urban areas.
The town is said to have been founded by
Bhai Gurdaswho hailed from Dhingar, District. Mansa. He is said to have married a member of the DhaliwalJat Sikhclan at this place. Once he came to his in-laws to take his wife along with him but they refused to send her. At this, Bhai Gurdas sat in meditation before the house of his in-laws. After some time, the parents of the girl agreed to send their daughter with Bhai Gurdas. But he refused to take her along with him, stating that he had now renounced the worldly way of life. In his memory, his Samadhwas constructed where a fair is held every year in March-April. People in large numbers attend the fair and offer Laddus and gurat the Samadh. The town has been categorised as a Class ‘A’ municipalitysince 1952. During the late 80's many attacks on Hindus occurred by Sikh militants and was increasingly growing until army order was issued by the New Delhi government in the early 90's.
Major cities and towns
Budhaand Ladhawere allegedly two brothers who were khatriby caste. The village was purportedly named after thes two brothers. Some of the population of the village was of Mazhabiand Ramdasiacaste origins. It was a part of the former Kaithalstate. The ruler of the Kaithal state did not help the British during the insurgency of 1857. So the British annexed the kingdom. Later on, it was merged with Karnal District. It was the largest market of East Punjab. It was a very big recruitment centre for militarypersonnel - which was second to only to Rohtakin India. The prestigious Ashoka Chakra Awardwas conferred on Hawaldar Joginder Singh Datewaswho was recruited from Budhlada. Budhlada city is 70km away from Bathindaand is situated on Bathinda- Delhirail line. The border of Haryanastate is 25km away from the city. As per 1991 census, the total population of the city is 18,123. The sub division came into being on 1992-04-13.
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How to reach
Mansa is well linked to other cities, particularly the national capital,
New Delhi, by an efficient rail and transport system. The nearest airports are located at New Delhiand Chandigarhwhich are 248 km and 180 km away by road respectively. It is connected by rail and situated on the Delhi–Bathinda branch line of the Northern Railway. A few trains from the New Delhi–Bathinda Intercity Expressand Punjab Mailservice to Mansa station. Besides, there are several passenger trains running between New Delhi and Mansa at regular intervals daily.
* [http://www.mansa.nic.in/ Mansa District website]
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