Onchocercidae

Onchocercidae
Onchocercidae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nematoda
Class: Secernentea
Subclass: Spiruria
Order: Spirurida
Superfamily: Filarioidea
Family: Onchocercidae
Chabaud and Anderson, 1959
Genera

See text.

Onchocercidae Chabaud & Anderson, 1959[1] is a family of nematodes in the superfamily Filarioidea. This family includes some of the most devastating human parasitic diseases, such as Lymphatic filariasis, Onchocerciasis, Loiasis, and other filariases.

Contents

Representative genera and species

The taxonomy of nematodes in the order Spirurida is still in a state of flux, and family Onchocercidae contains around 70–80 genera.[2] The following genera are included in the family Onchocercidae in the Wikispecies project and the Entrez Taxonomy Browser. The latter is the taxonomic system used in the NCBI family of databases, including PubMed.

Genera

  • Brugia
    • Brugia malayi (one cause of filariasis in humans)
    • Brugia pahangi (parasite of domestic cats and wild animals)
    • Brugia timori (cause of "timor filariasis" in humans)
  • Cercopithifilaria
    • Cercopithifilaria johnstoni (parasite of rodents and marsupials in Australia)
  • Dipetalonema
    • Dipetalonema reconditum (parasite of dogs, and sometimes humans)
    • Dipetalonema repens (parasite of dogs, and sometimes humans)
  • Dirofilaria
    • Dirofilaria immitis (cause of heartworm in dogs and cats, occasionally humans)
    • Dirofilaria repens (parasite of dogs, and sometimes humans)
    • Dirofilaria tenuis (parasite of raccoons, and rarely humans)
    • Dirofilaria ursi (parasite of bears, and sometimes humans)
  • Elaeophora
    • Elaeophora abramovi (parasite of moose in Russia)
    • Elaeophora bohmi (parasite of horses in Austria and Iran)
    • Elaeophora elaphi (parasite of Red Deer in Spain)
    • Elaeophora poeli (parasite of various cattle in Africa and Asia)
    • Elaeophora sagitta (parasite of several mammal groups in Africa)
    • Elaeophora schneideri (parasite of various ruminants in North America)
  • Foleyella
    • Foleyella furcata (parasite of lizards)
  • Litomosa
    • Litomosa westi (parasite of bats)
  • Litomosoides
    • Litomosoides brasiliensis (parasite of bats)
    • Litomosoides scotti (parasite of the marsh rice rat)
    • Litomosoides sigmodontis (parasite of rodents)
    • Litomosoides wilsoni (parasite of opossums)
  • Mansonella (see also Mansonelliasis)
    • Mansonella ozzardi (parasite of man in Central and South America)
    • Mansonella perstans (parasite of humans and primates in Africa and South America)
    • Mansonella streptocerca (parasite of humans in Africa)
  • Ochoterenella
    • Ochoterenella digiticauda (parasite of amphibians)
  • Onchocerca
    • Onchocerca gibsoni (parasite of cattle in Asia and Australia)
    • Onchocerca gutturosa (parasite of cattle in Africa, Europe, and North America)
    • Onchocerca volvulus (parasite of humans in Africa, cause of River blindness)
  • Piratuba
    • Piratuba digiticauda (parasite of amphibians)
  • Sarconema
    • Sarconema eurycerca (cause of heartworm in swans)
  • Waltonella
    • Waltonella flexicauda (parasite of bullfrogs)
  • Wuchereria
    • Wuchereria bancrofti (parasite of humans, cause of "bancroftian filariasis")
    • Wuchereria kalimantani (parasite of monkeys in Indonesia)

See also

References

  1. ^ Chabaud, A.G. and R.C. Anderson (1959) "Nouvel essai de classification des Filaires (superfamilie Filarioidea)." Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée 34:64-87.
  2. ^ Anderson, R.C. (2000) "Family Onchocercidae." In: Nematode Parasites of Vertebrates: Their Development and Transmission. 2nd Edition. CABI Publishing: Wallingford, England. ISBN: 0851994210. pp. 472-532.

External links



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  • Filaria — Fi*la ri*a, n.; pl. {filariae}. [NL., fr. L. filum a thread.] (Zo[ o]l.) a small, slender nematode worm of the family {Onchocercidae} ({Filariidae}) of many species, parasitic when adult in various animals, including man. They may live within the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Filaria — Fi*la ri*a, n. [NL., fr. L. filum a thread.] (Zo[ o]l.) a former genus comprised of certain nematodes, now classed as belonging to several genera within the family {Onchocercidae}. See {Onchocerca} and {Guinea worm}. [1913 Webster +PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • filariae — Filaria Fi*la ri*a, n.; pl. {filariae}. [NL., fr. L. filum a thread.] (Zo[ o]l.) a small, slender nematode worm of the family {Onchocercidae} ({Filariidae}) of many species, parasitic when adult in various animals, including man. They may live… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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