Olaf ( //, //, or British //; Old Norse: Ōleifr, Anleifr; Old English: Ǣlāf, Anlāf) is a Germanic name of Proto-Germanic origin, meaning "ancestor's heirloom". It was borrowed into Old Irish and spelled Amlaíb. It may refer to:
- Olaf Haraldsson Geirstadalf, petty king
- Olaf I of Norway, 969 – September 9, 1000
- Olaf II of Norway, Saint Olav, king 1015–1030
- Olaf III of Norway, king 1067–1093
- Olaf Magnusson, 1103–1110
- Olaf IV of Norway, king 1370 – August 23, 1387
- Olav V of Norway, king 1957–1991
- Olaf I of Denmark, king 1086–1095
- Olaf II of Denmark was also Olaf IV of Norway
- Olaf of Sweden (disambiguation) (I, II, and III)
Norse-Gaelic: Not all the following were strictly Norse-Gaels, but simply share one of the most common Norse-Gaelic names.
- Olaf the White, 9th century sea-king
- Amlaíb Conung (King Olaf), King of Dublin, possibly identical with Olaf the White
- Olaf Sihtricson (Amlaíb Cuarán), Norse-Gael king of Northumbria and king of Dublin
- Olaf III Guthfrithson (Amlaíb mac Gofraid), king of Dublin
- Amlaíb of Scotland, king of Scotland
- Amlaíb Cenncairech (Olaf Sinful-Head), ruler of Limerick
- Auliffe Mór O'Donoghue (Olaf the Great), regional Irish king
- Amlaíb Ua Donnubáin (Auliffe O'Donovan), regional Irish king
Of Mann and the Isles:
- Olaf the Black, also called Olaf Godredsson (1173/4–1237), King of Mann and the Isles 1229–1237.
- Oluf Haraldsen (died c. 1143) was a Danish nobleman who ruled Scania for a few years from 1139
- Oluf van Steenwinckel (died 1659) was a Danish building master and engineer
- Count Oluf of Rosenborg (1923–1990)
Septs and clans
- McAuliffe (surname)
- Mac Amhlaoibh and Mac Amhalghaidh (Irish septs)
- Clan Macaulay of Lewis
- Clan MacAulay
- Count Olaf, a fictional character in the series of novels A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket
- Olaf (Jungle Jam), a fictional character in Jungle Jam and Friends: The Radio Show!
- Olaf, 'the Beserker', a fictional character in the video game League of Legends.
- St. Olaf's church, Tallinn, 12th century church in Tallinn, Estonia
- St. Olaf College, a liberal arts college in Northfield, MN
- St. Olaf's Castle, 15th century castle in Savonlinna, Finland
- St. Olaf, Minnesota, the fictitious hometown of Rose Nylund on the TV sitcom The Golden Girls
- European Anti-fraud Office (OLAF), in French the Office de Lutte Anti-Fraude
- Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav
- Olavo, the Portuguese form of the name
- Ólafur, the Icelandic form of the name
- Olov, the Swedish form of the name
- Ole, the Danish form of the name
- Aulay, the anglicized Irish form of the name
- Erwin Olaf (Erwin Olaf Springveld), Dutch photographer
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