Moyen-Congo Representative Council election, 1946–1947

Moyen-Congo Representative Council election, 1946–1947

The first elections to the Representative Council of Moyen-Congo (the French colony of present-day Republic of the Congo, also known as Congo-Brazzaville) were held between December 1946 and January 1947. A government decree, issued on 26 October 1946, had called for the holding of elections for Representative Councils in each of the territories of French Equatorial Africa.[1][2][3]

The Representative Councils were divided into two segments, one elected by common law citizens (first college, i.e. French citizens) and one elected by citizens of professional stature (second college, i.e. Africans who were 21 years and above, and qualified as a member of one of twelve specified categories; civil servants, notables, soldiers and veterans, heads of native collectivities, members of native courts, etc.)[3] In Moyen-Congo, the first college had 12 seats and the second college had 18 seats. As of November 1946 (the time of the French National Assembly election) the second college had 23,119 registered voters (out of a population of 684,000).[3] The Congolese member of the French National Assembly, Jean-Félix Tchicaya (also the founder of the Congolese Progressive Party), had been the sole voice from French Equatorial Africa to condemn the separate electoral college system during the debates in the National Assembly in the run-up to the elections.[3]

The Congolese Progressive Party (PPC) won the election, obtaining 15 of the seats. Their main rival, the socialist SFIO (led by Jacques Opangault) got nine seats.[2][4][5]


Party First college Second college Total
Votes % Seats Votes Seats %
Congolese Progressive Party 15
Others 6
Total 12 18 30


  1. ^ Bernault, Florence. Démocraties ambiguës en Afrique centrale: Congo-Brazzaville, Gabon, 1940-1965. Paris: Karthala, 1996. p. 74
  2. ^ a b Bazenguissa-Ganga, Rémy. Les voies du politique au Congo: essai de sociologie historique. Paris: Karthala, 1997. p. 38
  3. ^ a b c d Thompson, Virginia McLean, and Richard Adloff. The Emerging States of French Equatorial Africa. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 1960. pp. 37-40
  4. ^ Bazenguissa-Ganga, Rémy. Les voies du politique au Congo: essai de sociologie historique. Paris: Karthala, 1997. p. 416
  5. ^ Pérez Epanga, Etienne. Regard sur le député et ses mille mondes. p. 20