State Guard Association of the United States

State Guard Association of the United States
State Guard Association of the United States
Abbreviation SGAUS
Formation 1985
Legal status 501(c)(6)
Purpose/focus "Advocating for the advancement and support of regulated state military forces"[1]
Headquarters P.O. Box 1416
Fayetteville, GA 30214
Location Fayetteville, Georgia
Region served United States of America
Membership 3,000[citation needed]
President BG(TX). Charles Edwards (2010~Present)[2]
Website http://www.sgaus.org

The State Guard Association of the United States (SGAUS) is a 501(c)(6) [1] non-profit organization advocating for the advancement and support of regulated state military forces, as established by state governments under the authority of 32 USC 109. The SGAUS encourages the establishment and advancement of regulated state forces through lobbying and affiliation with independent state associations. There were twenty-two independent SGAUS recognized state associations in 2008. State associations are separate entities (typically 501(c)(3) corporations) and are not components of the SGAUS 501(c)(6) corporation, SGAUS Foundation 501(c)(3) corporation, or state run 32 USC 109 forces. The SGAUS recognizes (when petitioned) lawful state-level associations with 25 or more members that are seeking to establish 32 USC 109 forces [2].

Contents

History of SDFs and SGAUS

From its founding until the early 1900s, the United States maintained only a minimal army and relied on state militias to supply the majority of its troops.[3] In 1903, the predecessor to the modern-day National Guard was formed to augment the militia and Regular Army with a federally controlled reserve force. In 1933, Congress finalized the split between the National Guard and the State Defense Forces by mandating that all federally-funded soldiers take a dual enlistment/commission and thus enter both the state National Guard (Title 32) and the National Guard of the United States (Title 10). This division forced states to maintain both a National Guard and a State Defense Force if they desired to have non-federal soldiers. During World War II, much of the National Guard was deployed on federal duty. Many states continued to maintain distinct state militias (some building on ones that never ceased to exist) to defend their own territories and shorelines. In the 1980s, many State Defense Forces began to be reformed and activated[4]. As a result, the SGAUS was formed in 1985 as the State Defense Force Association of the United States. The name was later changed in 1993 to the State Guard Association of the United States, and in 1997 was incorporated in the State of Maryland as a 501(c)(6) non-profit organization. As of 2008, the SGAUS had grown to members in thirty-three states and territories, and recognized twenty-two state associations.[5]

SGAUS Foundation, Inc.

In 2006, the SGAUS Board of Directors created the SGAUS Foundation as an independent 501(c)(3) non-profit organization to focus on education, public awareness and outreach programs that support the advancement and support of regulated state defense forces.[citation needed] A current list of SGAUS foundation Officers can be found on the SGAUS website's Leadership page [3].

Legislative efforts

The organization has supported several legislative efforts related to the establishment or support of state defense forces:

  • (In committee) HR 206 State Defense Force Improvement Act, 2009, 111th Congress[6]
  • (removed by committee) HR 5658 Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act FY09, 2008, 110th Congress[7]
  • (dead) HR 826 State Defense Force Improvement Act, 2007, 110th Congress[8]
  • (dead) HR 3401 State Defense Force Improvement Act, 2005, 109th Congress[9]
  • (dead) HR 2797 State Defense Force Improvement Act, 2003, 108th Congress[10]

State Defense Force References

  • National Guard Bureau Regulation 10-4 "State Defense Forces, National Guard Bureau and State National Guard Interaction" 1987 [4]
  • U.S. Army War College Paper "State Defense Forces and Homeland Security"; Arthus Tulak, Robert Kraft, and Don Silbaugh, 2004.[5]
  • DoD Report to the Senate and House Armed Services Committees on Homeland Defense Force for Homeland Defense and Homeland Security Missions, November 2005 HR Report 108-491 [6]

Training and certification programs

The SGAUS offers various certification programs for its members.

Military Emergency Management Specialist program

Basic MEMS badge

The SGAUS Military Emergency Management Specialist (MEMS) program was created in 1998[11]. The program is structured around the Federal Emergency Management Agency's National Incident Management System (NIMS) and Incident Command System (ICS). The MEMS program curriculum includes online Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) NIMS and ISC courses offered free of charge through FEMA's Emergency Management Institute's (EMI) Independent Study Program. In addition to online FEMA courses, students are required to complete operational practicums that incorporate the learning objectives of the online FEMA courses.

The MEMS Academy curricula are based on the idea of developing areas of 'common knowledge' required at different levels of responsibility in emergency response and use accepted, validated courses available throughout the nation. The principle behind the several MEMS curricula is that individuals with Basic MEMS qualification will have operational understanding of the principles of emergency management, including mitigation, preparedness, emergency response and recovery and have knowledge, skills and abilities needed to effectively work within a comprehensive emergency management operation. Those with Senior and Master level qualification will be able to lead and plan incident response efforts of increasing complexity.

Discontinued MEMS Command and Staff College Unit Citation

Certification in the MEMS program consists of three levels: basic, senior, and master, with traditional military style badges awarded to students upon completion of each level. In addition to the badges, those students who participate in operational missions may be awarded a distinctive flash, which is worn behind the badge[11].

For a short time, there was a MEMS Command and Staff College operated by the SGAUS. Students who successfully completed this program were awarded the MEMS Command and Staff College Unit Citation.[12]

Chaplain’s School and College

The SGAUS Chaplain School and College provides materials of study, discussion forums, and classroom training related to field of military chaplaincy for State Defense Force chaplains and chaplain assistants [8].

State Information

(list in progress02/04/11)

State Wikipedia State Article Link to force website State Law Active Associations
Alabama Alabama State Defense Force Alabama State Defense Force §31-2-8 Alabama State Defense Force Association, Inc.
Alaska Alaska State Defense Force Alaska State Defense Force §AS 26.05.100 No Association Record Found in State's Corporation List
California California State Military Reserve California State Military Reserve CAL. MVC. CODE § 550 No Association Record Found in State's Corporation List
Connecticut Governor's Foot and Horse Guard Units Connecticut State Militia Units
Georgia Georgia State Defense Force Georgia State Defense Force O.C.G.A. § 38-2-51 The Association of the Georgia State Defense Force, Inc
Indiana Indiana Guard Reserve Indiana Guard Reserve § IC 10-16-8 No Association Record Found in State's Corporation List
Maryland Maryland Defense Force Maryland State Defense Force Maryland State Guard Association, Inc.
Massachusetts Massachusetts State Defense Force Massachusetts State Defense Force MGL 33§10
Michigan Michigan Volunteer Defense Force Michigan Volunteer Defense Force No Association Record Found in State's Corporation List
Mississippi Mississippi State Guard Mississippi State Guard §33-5-51 Mississippi State Guard Association, Inc.
New Jersey None New Jersey Naval Militia New Jersey Naval Militia Foundation, Inc.
New Mexico New Mexico State Defense Force New Mexico State Defense Force No Association Record Found in State's Corporation List
New York New York Guard New York Guard Military Law-State of New York Article 2, Section 44 New York Guard Association, Inc.
Ohio Ohio Military Reserve Ohio Military Reserve Ohio Revised Code Chapter 5920 Ohio Military Reserve Officers Association, Inc. www.ohmra.org
Oregon Oregon State Defense Force Oregon State Defense Force No Association Record Found in State's Corporation List
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico State Guard Puerto Rico State Guard No Association Record Found in State's Corporation List
South Carolina South Carolina State Guard South Carolina State Guard South Carolina State Guard Foundation, Inc.
Tennessee Tennessee State Guard Tennessee State Guard Tennessee Chapter of the State Guard Association of the United States, Inc.
Texas Texas State Guard Texas State Guard §Title 4 Sec. C 431.001 The Texas State Guard Non Profit Association, Inc. [13]
Vermont None Vermont State Guard No Association Record Found in State's Corporation List
Virginia Virginia State Defense Force Virginia State Defense Force § 44-54.4 Virginia State Guard Association, Inc.
Washington Washington State Guard Washington State Guard §RCW 38.14.006 Washington State Guard Association

Provisional, non-profit, and other volunteer groups

A limited number of groups have not achieved state recognition as 32 USC 109 forces and have lingered for years as “provisional” or "non-profit" groups. Past SGAUS recognition of these groups has generated dissent with some SGAUS members. These groups which are not recognized in their states as 32 USC 109 forces have modeled themselves after regulated state defense forces by assigning ranks, wearing uniforms and conducting training operations. Groups that identify themselves as “provisional” or "non-profit" included the Florida Defense Forces Association Inc.,[14] District of Columbia Defense Force Association, Inc.,[15] North Carolina State Guard Association, Inc.,[16] and the Colorado Defense Force (Provisional).[17] While some groups have not achieve 32 USC 109 recognition, some have found other missions that support their communities. The District of Columbia Defense Force for example is a member of the U.S. Citizen Corps and supports assorted mission assigned by the D.C. city government. [9]

References


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