Hazarajat, also known as Hazaristan, is the name given to a region in central
Afghanistanthat makes up the native homeland of Afghanistan's Hazara ethnic group. It is made up of the three central provinces of Bamyan, Daykundi and Ghor and includes large areas of Maidan Wardak, Ghazni, Orūzgān, Balkh, Sar-e Pol, Samangan and Baghlan. The region has also been known as "Paropamizan" or Paropamise.Fact|date=June 2008
Little information exists on the history of the region however, at different times it has remained under Persian, Greek,
Indian, Mongoland Temuridrule. Archaeological finds can be traced back to the Greek empire of Bactriaand BuddhistIndia.
Recent findings by Professor
Bivarin the Jaghori and Uruzgandistricts of southern Hazarajat prove that it was a part of the Zabulistan kingdom and later the heart of KoshanidEmpire.
In the pre-Islamic period Hazarajat was made up of small autonomous Buddhist states such as
Qandahar, Ghor, Bamiyanand Zamindawar. Ruins of the capital the ancient Kingdom of Babur Shah can still be found at Chel Burj in Yakawlang, Bamian. The Kushano-Hephthaliteempire was followed by the Sassanians.
Subsequent rulers of the region include the
Ghorids, Persians, Ghaznavidsand Moghuls. They were followed by Chengiz ( Gengez) Khan in 1220. Tradition has it that Gengez's son was killed in the fighting for the city of Gholghola in Bamian. Enraged, Gengez Khan ordered his forces to kill every living being present in the city, even cats and mice. These and similar historical records prove that the Hazaras put up stiff resistance against the invading armies of Changez Khan; which resulted in the devastation of their land and themselves. Later the region remained colony to the Ilkhanids, Chughtais and Khurasani Kingdoms. Hazaras enjoyed full autonomy after the breakdown of the Ilkhanid Empire until the Afghan invasion the late 19 century.
Hazarajat lies roughly between 600 and 680 East-West and 330 and 350 North-south covering about 15,000 square miles, stretching from Wardak in the East to Chakcharan and Ghorat in the West.Fact|date=June 2008 It's northern limit is
Darra e Saufin Sare Puland stretches as far as the limits of Qandahar province and Moqur in the South. It is situated on the crossroads of Afghanistan's major cities but does not include any major city or international borders.
In the 1890s, rapid Pashtunization of the region under
Amir Abur Rehmanled to destruction of the region and its natives and ended up with the Hazaras losing approximately 60% of their population and land in the war of independence. Thus, Hazarjat was reduced to half its earlier size.
Hazarajat does not have any major cities. Important in alphabetical order inclue Ajrestan,
Anguri, Akzarat, Ashtarlai, Bamyan, Behsud, Bidsay, Bad-e Asiah, Chora, DaiKundi, Daulat Yar, Deh Mirdad, Daya wa Chopan, Gizao, Khamenil, Khidir, Loman, Malistan, Niak, Nawar, Panjab, Qarabagh, Sabz-Ab, Jaghori, Sar-e-Jangal, Sharistan, Uruzgan, Yakaolang, Zardalu
Situated high in the
Hindu Kushand Koh e Babamountains, the Hazarajat plateauhas extremely cold and harsh climate dominated by heavy snowfalls, snow storms and short, hot summers. Winters span to over 6 months before snow melts. Like most of Afghanistan, Hazarajat also lacks greenery and is poorly covered with vegetation, there is no forest in the region and the slopes are bare.
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