Deflection (chess)

Deflection (chess)

Deflection in chess is a tactic that forces an opposing piece to leave the square, rank or file it occupies, thus exposing the king or a valuable piece.[1] It is typically used in the context of a combination or attack, where the deflected piece is critical to the defence. Deflection may be used as a gambit to cause an opponent's piece to move to a less suitable square.[2] Deflections are often used as part of a combination which may involve other types of chess tactics as well.

If the deflected piece happens to be an overworked piece then the opponent's defense instantly crumbles, making victory imminent to the one who employed the deflection.[3]

Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
8  black rook  black knight  black bishop  black queen  black king  black bishop  black king  black rook 8
7  black pawn  black pawn  black king  black king  black pawn  white bishop  black king  black pawn 7
6  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black knight  black pawn  black king 6
5  black king  black king  white pawn  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 5
4  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 4
3  black king  black king  white knight  black king  black king  black king  black king  black king 3
2  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn  black king  black king  white pawn  white pawn  white pawn 2
1  white rook  black king  white bishop  white queen  white king  black king  white knight  white rook 1
Solid white.svg a b c d e f g h Solid white.svg
In this position, White's bishop has captured the pawn at f7, forcing Black's king to recapture the bishop, thereby leaving Black's queen undefended and lost on the next move.

See also

External links


  1. ^ Hooper, David; Whyld, Kenneth (1992), The Oxford Companion to Chess (second ed.), Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-866164-9 
  2. ^ Golombek, Harry (1977), Golombek's Encyclopedia of Chess, Crown Publishing, ISBN 0-517-53146-1 
  3. ^ The Hook & Ladder Trick Chess Life Dana Mackenzie

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