- Damara (feudal landlord)
This article is about the feudal landlords of ancient Kashmir. For other uses, see Damara (disambiguation).
A damara was a feudal landlord of ancient Kashmir.
Kashmiri society was organised somewhat differently to other areas of India in which Hinduism flourished, this being due to the influence that Buddhism came to have from the time of the reign of Asoka around the third century BC. The more common social and economic demarcation lines of varna - a ritual ranking system comprising Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaisya and Shudra - became blurred, with the exception of that between the Brahmins and all other Hindus. Instead, it was occupation that formed the primary differentiator and of the occupations it was that of agriculture which was most important.
As landholders and agriculturalists, the damaras were the most important of the occupational classes and their power could be considerable. It was as a consequence of their many disputes with the kings of the Lohara dynasty, during a prolonged period of corruption, internecine fighting and misrule, that the region eventually passed into control by Muslim rulers.
- ^ Bamzai, Prithivi Nath Kaul (1994). Culture and political history of Kashmir, Volume 1. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd.. pp. 191–192. ISBN 9788185880310. http://books.google.com/books?id=1eMfzTBcXcYC.
- ^ a b Kaw, M. K. (2004). Kashmir and it's people: studies in the evolution of Kashmiri society. Volume 4 of KECSS research series: Culture and heritage of Kashmir. APH Publishing. pp. 90–91. ISBN 9788176485371. http://books.google.com/books?id=QpjKpK7ywPIC.
- History of Kashmir
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