Conewago Valley School District

Conewago Valley School District
Conewago Valley School District
130 Berlin Road
New Oxford, Pennsylvania, Adams, 17350
United States
Superintendent Dr. Daniel Trimmer
Grades K-12
Kindergarten 297
Grade 1 263
Grade 2 294
Grade 3 293
Grade 4 303
Grade 5 308
Grade 6 298
Grade 7 319
Grade 8 294
Grade 9 344
Grade 10 359
Grade 11 322
Grade 12 330
Other Enrollment projected by PDE to be 4600 pupils in 2020
Mascot Colonials

The Conewago Valley School District is a small, rural public school district. Conewago Valley School District encompasses approximately 73 square miles. It includes the Boroughs of Abbottstown, the northern portion of Bonneauville, McSherrystown and New Oxford and Berwick Township, Conewago Township, Hamilton Township, all but the southwestern edge of Mount Pleasant Township, Oxford Township, the eastern edge of Straban Township and the southeastern edge of Tyrone Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania. According to 2000 Federal Census data, it serves a resident population of 23,314. In 2009, the district residents' per capita income was $18,281, while the median family income was $48,174. [2] According to district officials, in school year 2005-06 the Conewago Valley School District provided basic educational services to 3,788 pupils through the employment of 245 teachers, 116 full-time and part-time support personnel, and 13 administrators. Conewago Valley School Ditrict received more than $11.4 million in state funding in school year 2005-06.

The district operates New Oxford High School (9th-12th), New Oxford Middle School (7th-8th), Conewago Valley Intermediate School (4th-6th), Conewago Township Elementary School (K-3rd) and New Oxford Elementary School (K-3rd). IN 2010 enrollment was 3931 pupils. [3]


Academic achievement

The Conewago Valley School District was ranked 289th out of 498 Pennsylvania school districts, in 2011, by the Pittsburgh Business Times. The ranking was based on student academic performance on five years of PSSA results in: reading, writing, mathematics and three years of science. [4]

  • 2010 - 308th [5]
  • 2009 - 316th
  • 2008 - 344th
  • 2007 - 330th of 501 school districts by the Pittsburgh Business Times.[6]

Graduation Rate:

In 2011, the graduation rate was 94%. [7] In 2010, the Pennsylvania Department of Education issued a new, 4 year cohort graduation rate. Conewago Valley School District's rate was 93% for 2010. [8]

According to traditional graduation rate calculations

High School

In 2011, New Oxford Senior High School has remained in School Improvement I. In 2010, the school is in School Improvement I level due to chronically low student achievement.[13]

PSSA Results
11th Grade Reading
  • 2011 - 61.4% on grade level, (18.5% below basic). 69.1% of 11th graders are on grade level.[14]
  • 2010 - 62%, State - 67% [15]
  • 2009 - 60%, State - 65% [16]
  • 2008 - 61%, State - 65% [17]
  • 2007 - 64%, State - 65% [18]
11th Grade Math:
  • 2011 - 58.4%, on grade level (20% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 60.3% of 11th graders are on grade level.
  • 2010 - 65%, State - 59% [19]
  • 2009 - 52%, State - 56% [20]
  • 2008 - 55%, State - 56%[21]
  • 2007 - 53%, State - 53%
11th Grade Science:
  • 2011 - 44.6% on grade level (16.8% below basic). State - 40% of 11th graders were on grade level.
  • 2010 - 42% on grade level. State - 39% [22]
  • 2009 - 34%, State - 40%
  • 2008 - 38%, State - 39% [23]

College remediation: According to a Pennsylvania Department of Education study released in January 2009, 42% of New Oxford Senior High School graduates required remediation in mathematics and or reading before they were prepared to take college level courses in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education or community colleges.[24] Less than 66% of Pennsylvania high school graduates, who enroll in a four-year college in Pennsylvania, will earn a bachelor's degree within six years. Among Pennsylvania high school graduates pursuing an associate degree, only one in three graduate in three years.[25] Per the Pennsylvania Department of Education, one in three recent high school graduates who attend Pennsylvania's public universities and community colleges takes at least one remedial course in math, reading or English.

Graduation requirements

All students are required to earn a minimum of 28 credits in grades 9 through 12 as follows: Language Arts 4 credits, Social Studies 4 credits, Mathematics 4 credits, Science 4 credits, Physical Education and Health 3 credits, Computer Technology 1 credit, Humanities, Practical Arts, or Fine Arts 2 credits and 6 credits of electives.[26] Additionally, all students must take a core English, Social Studies, Mathematics, and Science class in grades 9, 10, and 11.

By law, all Pennsylvania secondary school students must complete a graduation project as a part of their eligibility to graduate from high school. The type of project, its rigor and its expectations are set by the individual school district.[27]

Beginning with the class of 2015, students must take the Keystone Exams in English and Algebra 1. [28]

Dual enrollment

The high school does not offer a Dual Enrollment program. This state program permits high school students to take courses, at local higher education institutions, to earn college credits. Students remain enrolled at their high school. The courses count towards high school graduation requirements and towards earning a college degree. The students continue to have full access to activities and programs at their high school, including the graduation ceremony. The college credits are offered at a deeply discounted rate. The state offers a small grant to assist students in costs for tuition, fees and books.[29] Under the Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement, many Pennsylvania colleges and universities accept these credits for students who transfer to their institutions.[30]

Middle school

n 2011, New Oxford Middle School has remained in AYP status. In 2010, the school is in AYP status. [31] In 2011 the attendance rate was 94% while the attendance rate was 95% in 2010. [32]

PSSA Results
8th Grade Reading
  • 2011 - 84.1% on grade level (5.8% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 81.8% of 8th graders on grade level.
  • 2010 - 85%, State - 31% [33]
  • 2009 - 81%, State - 80% [34]
  • 2008 - 80%, State - 78% [35]
  • 2007 - 74%, State - 75%
8th Grade Math:
  • 2011 - 88% on grade level (3% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 76.9% of 8th graders are on grade level
  • 2010 - 90%, State - 75% [36]
  • 2009 - 40%, State - 71% [37]
  • 2008 - 74%, State - 70%
  • 2007 - 70%, State - 68%
8th Grade Science:
  • 2011 - 68% on grade level (12% below basic). State – 58.3% of 8th graders were on grade level.
  • 2010 - 60.9%, State - 57%
  • 2009 - 64%, State - 55% [38]
  • 2008 - 62%, State - 52% [39]
7th Grade Reading
  • 2011 - 72% on grade level (8.8% below basic). State – 76%
  • 2010 - 72%, State - 73%
  • 2009 - 70%, State - 71% [40]
  • 2008 - 73%, State - 70%
  • 2007 - 67%, State - 67%
7th Grade Math:
  • 2011 - 68.7% on grade level (5% below basic). State - 78.6%
  • 2010 - 88%, State - 77% [41]
  • 2009 - 83%, State - 75%
  • 2008 - 78%, State - 71%
  • 2007 - 71%, State - 67%

Special Education

The district administration reported that 742 students or 76% were receiving special education services in 2009. [42] [43]

The district provides a wide variety of special services to students with special needs. [44] Parents may request in writing that their child be evaluated for gifted education services. The state has released an evaluation of special education service performance in the district. It finds that 13.4% of the pupils in the district are identified as receiving special education. [45]

Bullying policy

The school district administration reported there were no incidents of bullying in the district in 2009. [46] [47]

The Conewago Valley School Board has provided the district's antibully policy online. [48] All Pennsylvania schools are required to have an anti-bullying policy incorporated into their Code of Student Conduct. The policy must identify disciplinary actions for bullying and designate a school staff person to receive complaints of bullying. The policy must be available on the school's website and posted in every classroom. All Pennsylvania public schools must provide a copy of its anti-bullying policy to the Office for Safe Schools every year, and shall review their policy every three years. Additionally, the district must conduct an annual review of that policy with students.[49] The Center for Schools and Communities works in partnership with the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime & Delinquency and the Pennsylvania Department of Education to assist schools and communities as they research, select and implement bullying prevention programs and initiatives.[50]

Education standards relating to student safety and antiharassment programs are described in the 10.3. Safety and Injury Prevention in the Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Health, Safety and Physical Education.[51]


In 2008, the district reported a $295,626.00 in a unreserved-undesignated fund balance. The designated fund balance was repoted as $9,261,318.00.[52]

In 2007, the district employed 222 teachers. The average teacher salary in the district was $56,394 for 188 days worked.[53] The average teacher salary in Pennsylvania was $54,977. In 2009 the school board negotiated a new five year contract with the teachers' union that included an annual raise and step raises for longevity coupled with slightly increased payment (11% by 5th year) by employees for health insurance. The raises are 1.55% in 2010, 2.3 percent in 2011, with subsequent years having increases of 2.9%, 3.6% and 3.8%. Each year also has a step increase.[54]

According to CVSD officials, in school year 2005-06 the CVSD provided basic educational services to 3,788 pupils through the employment of 245 teachers, 116 full-time and part-time support personnel, and 13 administrators. The district received more than $11.4 million in state funding in school year 2005-06.

Conewago Valley School District administrative costs per pupil in 2008 was $529.98 in 2008. The lowest administrative cost per pupil in Pennsylvania was $398 per pupil.[55] In July 2005, the school board provided a three year contract for superintendent at a salary $100,000 and an extensive package of benefits.[56]

In 2009, the district reported having $31,700,000 in outstanding debt. [57]

In June 2010, the Pennsylvania Auditor General released a Performance Audit of the school district.[58] It found that the district had four significant findings including a board member ethics violation and financial overpayment issues. The results were reported to the school board and the school administration.

The district is funded by a combination of: a local earned income tax, a property tax, a real estate transfer tax, coupled with substantial funding from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the federal government. Grants can provide an opportunity to supplement school funding without raising local taxes. In the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, pension income and Social Security income are exempted from state personal income tax and local earned income tax regardless of the income level.[59]

State basic education funding

In 2011-12, the district will receive $7,813,323 in state Basic Education Funding. [60] Additionally, the district will receive $208,485 in Accountability Block Grant funding.

For the 2010-11 school year, the highest increase in basic education funding was awarded to Conewago Valley School District at 9.66% for $8,560,275. One hundred fifty Pennsylvania school districts received the base 2% increase. Among Pennsylvania school districts, the highest increase in 2010-11 went to Kennett Consolidated School District in Chester County which received a 23.65% increase in state funding.[61] The amount of increase each school district receives is determined by the Governor and the Secretary of Education through the allocation set in the state budget proposal made in February each year.[62]

For the 2009-2010 budget year the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania provided a 9.48% increase in Basic Education funding for Conewago Valley School District a total of $7,805,268. The state Basic Education Funding to the district in 2008-09 was $7,129,490.12. This was the highest increase in BEF for the school districts in Adams County. The highest increase in Pennsylvania went to Muhlenberg School District of Berks County which received an increase of 22.31 percent. Sixteen school districts received an increase in funding of over 10 percent in 2009.[63]

In 2009, the district reported that 991 students received a federal free or reduced lunch due to low family income.[64]

Accountability Block Grants

Beginning in 2004-2005, the state launched the Accountability Block Grant school funding. This program has provided $1.5 billion to Pennsylvania’s school districts. The Accountability Block Grant program requires that its taxpayer dollars are focused on specific interventions that are most likely to increase student academic achievement. These interventions include: teacher training, All Day Kindergarten, lower class size K-3rd grade, literacy and math Coaching programs that provide teachers with individualized job-embedded professional development to improve their instruction, before or after school tutoring assistance to struggling students, For 2010-11 the Conewago Valley School District applied for and received $585,880 in addition to all other state and federal funding. The district used the funding to provide Full Day Kindergarten, to improve instruction by using teacher coaches in classrooms and to increase instructional time for struggling students through before and after school tutoring. [65][66]

Classrooms for the Future grant

The Classroom for the Future state program provided districts with hundreds of thousands of extra state funding to buy laptop computers for each core curriculum high school class (English, Science, History, Math) and paid for teacher training to optimize the computers use. The program was funded from 2006-2009. Conewago Valley School District did not apply for funding in 2006-07. In 2007-08 it received $225,090. The district received $57,804 in 2008-09 for a total funding of $282,894. [67]

Federal Stimulus Grant

Conewago Valley School District received an extra $1,867,558 in ARRA - Federal Stimulus money to be used only in specific programs like special education and meeting the academic needs of low income students.[68]

Race to the Top

School district officials did not apply for the Race to the Top federal grant which would have brought the district hundreds of thousands of additional federal dollars for improving student academic achievement.[69] Participation required the administration, the school board and the local teachers' union to sign an agreement to prioritize improving student academic success. In Pennsylvania, 120 public school districts and 56 charter schools agreed to participate. Pennsylvania was not approved for the grant. The failure of districts to agree to participate was cited as one reason that Pennsylvania was not approved.[70]

Common Cents state initiative

The Conewago Valley School Board decided to not participate in the Pennsylvania Department of Education Common Cents program. The program called for the state to audit the district, at no cost to local taxpayers, to identify ways the district could save tax dollars.[71] After the review of the information, the district was not required to implement the recommended cost savings changes.

Real estate taxes

Property tax rates in 2008-2009 were set at 37.9000 mills.[72] A mill is $1 of tax for every $1,000 of a property's assessed value. Irregular property reassessments have become a serious issue in the commonwealth as it creates a significant disparity in taxation within a community and across a region.

Act 1 Adjusted index

The Act 1 of 2006 Index regulates the rates at which each school district can raise property taxes in Pennsylvania. Districts are not allowed to raise taxes above that index unless they allow voters to vote by referendum, or they seek an exception from the state Department of Education. [73] The base index for the 2011-2012 school year is 1.4 percent, but it can be adjusted higher, depending on a number of factors, such as property values and the personal income of district residents. Act 1 included 10 exceptions including: increasing pension costs, increases in special education costs, a catastrophe like a fire or flood, increasing rising health care costs for contracts in effect in 2006 or dwindling tax bases. The base index is the average of the percentage increase in the statewide average weekly wage, as determined by the PA Department of Labor and Industry, for the preceding calendar year and the percentage increase in the Employment Cost Index for Elementary and Secondary Schools, as determined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the U.S. Department of Labor, for the previous 12-month period ending June 30. For a school district with a market value/personal income aid ratio (MV/PI AR) greater than 0.4000, its index equals the base index multiplied by the sum of .75 and its MV/PI AR for the current year.[74]

The School District Adjusted Index for the Conewago Valley School District 2006-2007 through 2010-2011.[75]

  • 2006-07 - 5.0%, Base 3.9%
  • 2007-08 - 4.3%, Base 3.4%
  • 2008-09 - 5.6%, Base 4.4%
  • 2009-10 - 5.2%, Base 4.1%
  • 2010-11 - 3.7%, Base 2.9%
  • 2011-12 - 1.8%, Base 1.4% [76] [77]
  • 2012-13 - 2.2%, Base 1.7%

For the 2008-09, 2009-10 and the 2010-11 school years, the school board did not seek an exception to exceed the Act 1 Index. [78] [79] In the Spring of 2010, 135 Pennsylvania school boards asked to exceed their adjusted index. Approval was granted to 133 of them and 128 sought an exception for pension costs increases.[80]

Property tax relief

In 2009, the Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief from gambling for the Conewago Valley School District was $128 per approved permanent primary residence. In the district, 7,163 property owners applied for the tax relief. Among Adams County school districts, in 2009, Upper Adams School District received the highest relief allocation at $279.[81] Pennsylvania awarded the highest property tax relief to residents of the Chester-Upland School District in Delaware County at $632 per homestead and farmstead in 2010.[82] This was the second year CUSD was the top recipient. The relief was subtracted from the total annual school property tax bill. Property owners apply for the relief through the county Treasurer's office. Farmers can qualify for a farmstead exemption on building used for agricultural purposes. The farm must be at least 10 contiguous acres (40,000 m2) and must be the primary residence of the owner. Farmers can qualify for both the homestead exemption and the farmstead exemption. In Adams County, 74% of eligible property owners applied for property tax relief in 2009.[83]

Additionally, the Pennsylvania Property Tax/Rent Rebate program is provided for low income Pennsylvanians aged 65 and older; widows and widowers aged 50 and older; and people with disabilities age 18 and older. The income limit is $35,000 for homeowners. The maximum rebate for both homeowners and renters is $650. Applicants can exclude one-half (1/2) of their Social Security income, so people who make substantially more than $35,000 may still qualify for a rebate. Individuals must apply annually for the rebate. This can be taken in addition to Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief.[84]

Property taxes in Pennsylvania are relatively high on a national scale. According to the Tax Foundation, Pennsylvania ranked 11th in the U.S. in 2008 in terms of property taxes paid as a percentage of home value (1.34%) and 12th in the country in terms of property taxes as a percentage of income (3.55%).[85]


The district offers a variety of clubs, activities and sports. The Conewago Valley School Board sets policies regarding eligibility to participate in these activities.[86] A student must be passing four (4) scholastic credits. The P.I.A.A. requires regular school attendance, which must be strictly adhered to. [87]

By Pennsylvania law, all K-12 students in the district, including those who attend a private nonpublic school, cyber charter school, charter school and those homeschooled, are eligible to participate in the extracurricular programs including all athletics. They must meet the same eligibility rules as the students enrolled in the district's schools.[88]


  1. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (July 2010). "Enrollment and Projections". 
  2. ^ American Fact Finder, US Census Bureau, 2009
  3. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Title=Enrollment and Projections 2009. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 
  4. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (April 1, 2011). "Statewide Honor Roll Ranking Information". 
  5. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (April 30, 2010). "Statewide Honor Roll Rankings". 
  6. ^ Three of top school districts in state hail from Allegheny County, Pittsburgh Business Times, May 23, 2007.
  7. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "NEW OXFORD SHS - School AYP Data Table". 
  8. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (March 15, 2011). "New 4-year Cohort Graduation Rate Calculation Now Being Implemented". 
  9. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). [New Oxford Senior High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2010 data table "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}"]. New Oxford Senior High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2010 data table. 
  10. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2009). "New Oxford Senior High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2009". 
  11. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2009). "Conewago Valley School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2008". 
  12. ^ Pennsylvania Partnerships for Children. "High School Graduation Rate 2007". 
  13. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "New Oxford Senior High School 2010 School AYP Overview". 
  14. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 29, 2011). "2010-2011 PSSA and AYP Results". 
  15. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (February 2011). "New Oxford Senior High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2010". 
  16. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2009). "Pennsylvania PSSA Reading, Math, Writing and Science report 2009". 
  17. ^ The Times-Tribune (2009). "PSSA Results database, Grading Our School". 
  18. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2009). "PSSA Math and Reading Results by School and grade 2007". 
  19. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results 2010". 
  20. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (February 2010). "New Oxford Senior High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2009". 
  21. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2008). "PSSA Math and Reading Results by School 2008". 
  22. ^ The Times-Tribune (2010). "Grading Our Schools 2010 EDUCATION DATABASES". 
  23. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (August 2008). "Report on Science PSSA 2008 by school and grade,". 
  24. ^ Pennsylvania College Remediation Report, Pennsylvania Department of Education January 2009.
  25. ^ National Center for Education Statistics
  26. ^ Conewago Valley School District Administration (2010). "New Oxford High School Student Handbook 2010-2011 Course Selection Guide". 
  27. ^ Pennsylvania Code §4.24 (a) High school graduation requirements
  28. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "Pennsylvania’s New Graduation Requirements". 
  29. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education - Dual Enrollment Guidelines 2010-11.
  30. ^ Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement. site accessed March 2010.
  31. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "New Oxford Middle School 2010 School AYP Overview". 
  32. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "New Oxford Middle School 2011 School AYP Overview". 
  33. ^ New Oxford Middle School Academic Achievement Report Card 2010 data table
  34. ^ The Times-Tribune Grading Our Schools Database. "Conewago Valley 2009 PSSA Results,". 
  35. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2008). "Conewago Valley School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2008 and 2007". 
  36. ^ 2010 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results, Pennsylvania Department of Education, September 14, 2010
  37. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2009). "2009 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results". 
  38. ^ "Science PSSA 2009 by Schools.". August 2009. 
  39. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2008). "Conewago Valley School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2008". 
  40. ^ New Oxford Middle School Academic Achievement Report Card 2009
  41. ^ 2010 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results Pennsylvania Department of Education Report
  42. ^ Conewago Valley School District Special Education Performance on State Performance Plan (SPP) Targets School Year 2008-2009
  43. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education - Bureau of Special Education
  44. ^ Annual Notice of Special Education Services and Programs.
  45. ^ Valley School District Special Education Data Report 2009
  46. ^ Conewago Valley SD School Safety Annual Report 2008 - 2009
  47. ^ Pennsylvania Safe Schools Online Reports
  48. ^ Bullying/Cyberbullying Policy 249 effective December 2008
  49. ^ Regular Session 2007-2008 House Bill 1067, Act 61 Section 6 page 8
  50. ^ Center for Safe Schools of Pennsylvania, Bullying Prevention advisory
  51. ^ Pennsylvania Academic Standards
  52. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education report on Fund Balances by Local Education Agency 1997 to 2008
  53. ^ Fenton, Jacob, Average classroom teacher salary in Adams County, 2006-07. The Morning Call. accessed March 2009.
  54. ^ Asper, Melody. School Contract reached. The Evening Sun. December 9, 2009
  55. ^ Fenton, Jacob. (Feb 2009). "Pennsylvania School District Data: Will School Consolidation Save Money?". The Morning Call. 
  56. ^ The Altoona Mirror (August 2007). "Benefits of Learning". 
  57. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "Pennsylvania School District Finances Outstanding Debt 1996-97- 2008-09". 
  58. ^ Pennsylvania Auditor General (October 2009). "Conewago Valley School District Adams County, Pennsylvania, Performance Audit Report". 
  59. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Revenue - Personal Income tax information 2010
  60. ^ PA Senate Appropriations Committee (June 28, 2011). "School District 2011-12 funding Report". 
  61. ^ PA Basic Education Funding-Printout2 2010-2011 Pennsylvania House Appropriations Committee Education Budget information.
  62. ^ Pennsylvania Budget Proposal 2010, Office of the Budget, February 2010.
  63. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Basic Education Funding Report by School District. October 2009
  64. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Basic Education Funding Report by School District. October 2009
  65. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education - Accountability Block Grant report 2010, Grantee list 2010
  66. ^ Accountability Block Grant Mid Year report
  67. ^ Pennsylvania Auditor General CFF grants audit 12/22/08
  68. ^ Adams County ARRA FUNDING report 2009-10
  69. ^ Governor's Press Release (January 20, 2010). "Pennsylvania's 'Race to the Top' Fueled by Effective Reforms, Strong Local Support". 
  70. ^ U.S. Department of Education (March 29, 2010). "Race to the Top Fund,". 
  71. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Common Cents program - Making Every Dollar Count". 
  72. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2009). "Real Estate Tax Millage by School District". 
  73. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Property Tax Relief Act Special Session Act 1 of 2006". 
  74. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education 2010-11 Act 1 of 2006 Referendum Exception Guidelines.
  75. ^ Special Session Act 1 of 2006 School District Adjusted Index for 2006-2007 through 2010-2011, Report prepared by Pennsylvania Department of Education, May 2010.
  76. ^ "Index Calculation Required by the Taxpayer Relief Act". Sept 18, 2010. 
  77. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Financial Data Elements. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 
  78. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (April 2010). SSAct1_Act1 "Referendum Exceptions Report 2010-2011". SSAct1_Act1. 
  79. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (March 2008). 2008-09 "Taxpayer Relief Act 1 of 2006 Report". 2008-09. 
  80. ^ Scarcella, Frank and Pursell, Tricia, (May 25, 2010). "Local school tax assessments exceed state averages.". The Daily Item. 
  81. ^ Tax Relief per Homestead May 1, 2009, Pennsylvania Department of Education report.
  82. ^ Tax Relief per Homestead 5-1-10. Report Pennsylvania Department of Education, May 2010
  83. ^ Special Report Pennsylvania Property Tax Relief, Auditor General Office, 2-23-2010.
  84. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Revenue, Property Tax/Rent Rebate Program
  85. ^ Tax Foundation (September 22, 2009). "New Census Data on Property Taxes on Homeowners". 
  86. ^ Conewago Valley School District Extracurriculars Policy 122 and Interscholastic Athletics Policy 123
  87. ^ Conewago Valley School District Administration. "Conewago Valley Student Handbook - Athletics". 
  88. ^ Pennsylvania Office of the Governor Press Release (November 10, 2005). "Home-Schooled, Charter School Children Can Participate in School District Extracurricular Activities". 

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