Competitive Alternatives

Competitive Alternatives

KPMG's Competitive Alternatives is a biennial guide to comparing international business site locations in North America, Europe, and Asia Pacific.[1] The primary focus of the study is international business costs. The study measures the impact of significant costs that vary by location, as applied to different business operations. Demand for the guide has grown significantly since it was first introduced in 1996. The founding study compared 23 cities in 7 business operations in Canada and the United States. In 2010, the analysis included 112 cities in 17 business operations in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States.[2]

Contents

Description

The primary focus of Competitive Alternatives is international business costs. In the 2010 edition, the study measured the combined impact of 26 significant cost components that were most likely to vary by location, as applied to 17 different business operations over 10 years.[3] The study also compares a variety of non-cost factors that also influence the relative attractiveness of locations to business; aspects considered by the 2010 study included labour availability and skills, economic conditions and markets, innovation, infrastructure, and regulatory environment, as well as personal cost of living and quality of life.[4]

Methodology

The methodology of the study is focused on seven key areas: design of cost model, identification of key location-sensitive cost components, definition of the standard business operations, specification of common business model assumptions, method for estimating labour costs, method for estimating transportation/distribution costs, and a method for estimating taxes.[5]

Media Coverage

Competitive Alternatives has been widely covered in the international business media. In September 2010, The Australian reported that the study found Australia to be maintaining its position since 2008, and that “Melbourne and Sydney were ‘relatively affordable’, well ahead of the most expensive cities, Osaka and Tokyo, but way behind Monterrey and Mexico City.”[6] A CFO.com article cited that KPMG ranked 22 of the largest US cities on a variety of business operating costs and found “Tampa leads the pack as the most cost-competitive large city for business in the USA, followed by Atlanta and Miami.”[7] USA Today cited that the study found the United States to have considerably improved its competitive position in 2008, relative to its 2006 positioning where it lagged behind many other G7 countries.[8] The Globe and Mail cited that Competitive Alternatives found Mexico to be leading the way in 2008, followed by Canada, the United States, Australia, France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Italy, Japan, and then Germany.[9]

Editions

The 2010 edition of the publication compared costs of 17 business operations in 112 cities in 10 countries: Australia, Canada, France, Italy, Japan, Germany, Mexico, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The 2010 edition expanded its coverage of large international business centers, adding a number of major global cities to the study and referenced that the international results now reflect business costs in each country’s major metropolitan regions.[10]


The 2008 edition compared costs of 17 business operations in 136 cities in 10 countries: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, United Kingdom, and United States.


The 2006 edition compared costs of 17 business operations in 128 cities in 9 countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Singapore, United Kingdom, and United States.


The 2004 edition compared costs of 17 business operations in 121 cities in 11 countries: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Luxemburg, Netherlands, United Kingdom, and United States.


The 2002 edition compared costs of 12 business operations in 115 cities in 9 countries: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, United Kingdom, and United States.


The 1999 edition compared costs of 7 seven business operations in 64 cities in 8 countries: Austria, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, and United States.


The 1997 edition compared costs of 8 business operations in 42 cities in 7 countries: Canada, France Germany, Italy, Sweden, United Kingdom, and United States.


The 1996 edition compared costs of 7 business operations in 23 cities in Canada and the United States.

External links

References

  1. ^ KPMG’s Competitive Alternatives - Highlights
  2. ^ KPMG Competitive Alternatives 2010
  3. ^ KPMG (2010). Competitive Alternatives, KPMG’s Guide to International Business Location: International Report
  4. ^ KPMG (2010). Competitive Alternatives, KPMG’s Guide to International Business Location: International Report
  5. ^ KPMG (2010). Competitive Alternatives, KPMG’s Guide to International Business Location: Report Appendices
  6. ^ Keith Orchison (Sept 2010). Fairly Affordable and Business-Friendly. The Australian
  7. ^ Location, Location, Location: A new study ranks large U.S. cities by cost of doing business
  8. ^ Vinee Tong (March 2008). Weak dollar making US a business bargain. USA Today
  9. ^ Virginia Galt (March 2008). Canada Losing its Competitive Edge. Globe & Mail
  10. ^ KPMG’s Competitive Alternatives - Highlights

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Competitive Bidding —   This is a procedure that utilities use to select suppliers of new electric capacity and energy. Under competitive bidding, an electric utility solicits bids from prospective power generators to meet current or future power demands. When offers… …   Energy terms

  • Product forecasting — is the science of predicting the degree of success a new product will enjoy in the marketplace. To do this, the forecasting model must take into account such things as product awareness, distribution, price, fulfilling unmeet needs and… …   Wikipedia

  • Intel 80486 — Infobox Computer Hardware Cpu name = Intel 486 caption = The exposed die of an Intel 80486DX2 microprocessor. manuf1 = Intel manuf2 = IBM produced start = 1989 produced end = 2007 size from = 1, 0.8, 0.6 slowest = 16 | slow unit = MHz fastest =… …   Wikipedia

  • Stoke-on-Trent —   City and Unitary Authority area   City of Stoke on Trent Stoke on Trent …   Wikipedia

  • Design around — In the field of patents, the phrase to design around means to invent an alternative to a patented invention that does not infringe the patent’s claims. The phrase can also refer to the invention itself. Design arounds are considered to be one of… …   Wikipedia

  • education — /ej oo kay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life. 2. the act or process of… …   Universalium

  • Business and Industry Review — ▪ 1999 Introduction Overview        Annual Average Rates of Growth of Manufacturing Output, 1980 97, Table Pattern of Output, 1994 97, Table Index Numbers of Production, Employment, and Productivity in Manufacturing Industries, Table (For Annual… …   Universalium

  • operations research — the analysis, usually involving mathematical treatment, of a process, problem, or operation to determine its purpose and effectiveness and to gain maximum efficiency. [1940 45, Amer.] * * * Application of scientific methods to management and… …   Universalium

  • election — /i lek sheuhn/, n. 1. the selection of a person or persons for office by vote. 2. a public vote upon a proposition submitted. 3. the act of electing. 4. Theol. the choice by God of individuals, as for a particular work or for favor or salvation.… …   Universalium

  • Organizational culture — is defined as “A pattern of shared basic assumptions invented, discovered, or developed by a given group as it learns to cope with its problems of external adaptation and internal integration that have worked well enough to be considered valid… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”