Cistus ladanifer

Cistus ladanifer
Gum Rockrose
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Cistaceae
Genus: Cistus
Species: C. ladanifer
Binomial name
Cistus ladanifer

Cistus ladanifer is a species of flowering plant in the family Cistaceae. It is a native of the western Mediterranean region. It is indigenous to Spain, Portugal and north-west Africa. Common names include Gum Rockrose, Ladanum, Gum Ladanum and Brown-eyed Rockrose.[1]

It is a shrub growing 1-2.5 m tall and wide. The leaves are evergreen, lanceolate, 3–10 cm long and 1–2 cm broad, dark green above and paler underneath. The flowers are 5–8 cm diameter, with 5 papery white petals, usually with a red to maroon spot at the base, surrounding the yellow stamens and pistils. The whole plant is covered with the sticky exudate of fragrant resin.

C. ladanifer is particularly well suited to the Continentalized Mediterranean climate, standing both long summer droughts and cold weather. It is an extremely aggressive plant which has taken over much of former farmland and grasslands in the mountain regions of central Spain. In Spanish it is known as Jara pringosa meaning "sticky shrub". C. ladanifer has been found to have mycorrhizal associations with Boletus edulis, Boletus rhodoxanthus, and Laccaria laccata.[2]


Systematics and phylogeography

C. ladanifer is placed within the C. salvifolius group within the white-flowered Cistus lineage.[3] The wide distribution and morphological variation of C. ladanifer across northern Africa, the Iberian peninsula, and southern France has resulted in the recognition of three sub-species: subspp. ladanifer, sulcatus, and africanus.

Phylogenetic and divergence dating methods found that C. ladanifer diverged during the Pleistocene, long after the opening of the Strait of Gibraltar around 5 mya, which supports a hypothesis of dispersal for this species.[4] Although its seeds fall close to the maternal plant,[5] C. ladanifer may have successfully dispersed due to its preference for disturbed habitats.


It is a popular ornamental plant, grown for its strongly resin-scented foliage and conspicuous flowers. Its leaves yield a fragrant oleoresin known as labdanum, used in perfumes, especially as a fixative.


  1. ^ Hériteau, Jacqueline (2005). Complete Gardening in Southern Africa (second edition ed.). Creative Homeowner. p. 170. ISBN 9781580112598. 
  2. ^ Águeda B, Parladé J, de Miguel AM, Martínez-Peña F. (2006). "Characterization and identification of field ectomycorrhizae of Boletus edulis and Cistus ladanifer". Mycologia 98 (1): 23–30. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.1.23. PMID 16800301. Retrieved 2009-11-23. 
  3. ^ Guzman, B., M. D. Lledo, and P. Vargas. 2009. Adaptive Radiation in Mediterranean Cistus (Cistaceae). PLoS ONE 4:e6362.
  4. ^ Guzmán, B. and P. Vargas. 2009. Long-distance colonization of the Western Mediterranean by Cistus ladanifer (Cistaceae) despite the absence of special dispersal mechanisms. Journal of Biogeography 36:954-968.
  5. ^ Bastida, F. and S. Talavera. 2002. Temporal and spatial patterns of seed dispersal in two Cistus species (Cistaceae). Annals of Botany 89:427-434.

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cistus ladanifer — Cistus ladanifer …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cistus ladanifer —   Jara pringosa …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cistus ladanifer — Cistus ladanifer …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cistus ladanifer — Lack Zistrose Lack Zistrose (Cistus ladanifer) Systematik Klasse: Dreifurchenpollen Zweikeimblättrige (Rosopsida) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cistus ladanifer — gauruotasis švitrūnas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Švitrūninių šeimos dekoratyvinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis, medingas augalas (Cistus ladanifer), paplitęs Afrikos šiaurėje ir Europos pietuose. Naudojamas maisto priedams (kvėpikliams)… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Cistus ladanifer — ID 19316 Symbol Key CILA10 Common Name common gum cistus Family Cistaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA Growth Habit Subshrub, Shrub Dura …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Cistus ladanifer — noun shrub having white flowers and viscid stems and leaves yielding a fragrant oleoresin used in perfumes especially as a fixative • Syn: ↑common gum cistus, ↑Cistus ladanum • Hypernyms: ↑rockrose, ↑rock rose • Substance Meronyms: ↑labdanum, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cistus ladanifer L. — Symbol CILA10 Common Name common gum cistus Botanical Family Cistaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Cistus — monspeliensis Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae …   Wikipedia

  • Cistus × purpureus — Details Genus Cistus …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”