- Chemin de fer Nyon–St-Cergue–Morez
Overview Type Commuter rail Locale Vaud, Switzerland Termini Nyon
Stations 17 Services 1 Operation Opened 1916 Technical Line length 26.70 km (16.59 mi) No. of tracks 1 Track gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) Electrification Overhead lines, 1500V DC Operating speed 0 mph (0 km/h) Highest elevation 1233m Nyon-La CureLegend 0km / 0hour Nyon 395m Gare souterraine 210 m 1.1 / 0:01 Les Plantaz 420m Depot 2.4 / 0:02 La Vuarpiliere 3.0 / 0:03 L'Asse 466m Asse-Viadukt 74 m 4.4 / 0:06 Trélex 501m Colline-Viadukt 110 m 6.4 / 0:10 Givrins 554m 7.5 / 0:12 Genolier 562m 8.5 / 0:14 Sus-Châtel 598m 9.8 / 0:16 La Joy-Clinique 11.1 / 0:19 Le Muids 715m 12.1 / 0:20 Bassins 756m Tunnel Bassins 116 m 13.9 / 0:24 Arzier 842m 17.1 / 0:29 La Chevrerie-Monteret 970m 19.1 / 0:32 St Cergue 1047m Tunnel St-Cergue 99 m 22.1 / 0:37 Les Pralines 1146m 23.3 / 0:39 La Givrine 1208m 27.0 / 0:45 La Cure 1155m Swiss / French border 27,3 La Cure (F) 1152m 29,5 Les Rousses 1110m Sous-les-Barres 940m Tunnel Sous-les-Barres 96m 33,8 Gouland 895m Tunnel Turu 58m La Doye Pont de la Bienne Morez Ecole 38,2 Morez Ville 701m 39,1 Morez SNCF 734m
The line, built to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) gauge, was opened in three sections, the first from Nyon, a town on the shores of Lake Geneva, to the Jura mountain resort village of Saint-Cergue on 12 July 1916, then to the French border at La Cure, opened on 18 August 1917. The third section, built by the French Company Chemins de fer électriques du Jura (CFEJ), taking the line over the border was opened to the French town of Morez on 7 March 1921 giving a total length of 39 km. In effect this small line linked the Swiss railways main line from Geneva to Lausanne to that of the Chemin de Fer Paris, Lyon, Mediterranee (PLM) (from 1938 this was the SNCF). With the exception of the period from 1940 to 1948 this enabled direct services to operate on a daily basis, although wintertime conditions often made this a difficult feat. Because of its steep gradients the line was electrified from the outset, originally at the unusual, if not unique, 2,200 volts d.c. The French section (12 km) from La Cure to Morez closed on 28 September 1958.
Originally the line commenced outside the main station in Nyon and after passing below the Swiss railways main line it climbed steadily, steeply in places taking large curves to ease the gradient, to the mountain resort of St. Cergue. From here it runs alongside the road through the Col de la Givrine, with a summit of 1232 m. above sea level, to the village of La Cure, nowadays its upper terminus. It was here the line crossed the French border and again running alongside the road, passing the village of Les Rousses it duly arrived in the streets of Morez. The line then descended steeply to terminate in front of the PLM station.
Locomotives and Rolling Stock
No. Type Seats: 2nd+1st Builders Details Date Built Notes. 1 ABDe4/4 20+5 SWS/BBC 1916 Sold 1982, Chemin de fer de la Mure 2 ABDe4/4 30+6 CGV/BBC 1936 1961 ex-CFEJ No.2:Withdrawn 1986 3 ABDe4/4 18+6 D&B/BBC 1924 1961 ex-CFEJ No.1:Scrapped after accident 1980 5 ABDe4/4 20+5 SWS/BBC 1916 Sold 1986, Chemin de fer de la Mure 6 ABDe4/4 20+5 SWS/BBC 1916 Withdrawn 1983 10 ABDe4/4 10+5 SWS/BBC 1918 Sold 1992, Chemin de fer de la Mure 11 ABDe4/4 10+5 SWS/BBC 1918 Sold 1992, Chemin de fer de la Mure 201 Be4/4 40 ACMV/BBC 1985 202 Be4/4 40 ACMV/BBC 1985 203 Be4/4 40 ACMV/BBC 1985 204 Be4/4 40 ACMV/BBC 1985 205 Be4/4 40 ACMV/BBC 1986 211 BDe4/4 24 ACMV/ABB 1991 baggage area but fewer seats 221 BDe4/4 40 1936 Ex-LEB No.22, 1991 231 BDe4/4 32 SWS/SAAS 1953 Ex-CJ No.606, 2003 232 BDe4/4 32 SWS/SAAS 1953 Ex-CJ No.607, 2007 251 XTm2/2 Beilhack/Deutz 1984 Fitted with Hiab lifting equipment. 261 Tm2/2 O&K/Deutz 1958 Type MV4A, Wks No.25845. Rebuilt 1996. 301 Bt 52 ACMV/BBC 1985 driving trailer 302 Bt 52 ACMV/BBC 1985 driving trailer 303 Bt 52 ACMV/BBC 1985 driving trailer 304 Bt 52 ACMV/BBC 1985 driving trailer 305 Bt 52 ACMV/BBC 1986 driving trailer 331 Bt 48 SIG/SAAS 1952 driving trailer, ex-CJ No.705 341 B 66 SWS 1949 ex BTI B41 in 1978 ex BD B41 in 1969 342 B 66 SWS 1949 ex BTI B42 in 1978 ex BD B42 in 1969 381 D SWS 1913 ex-YSteC DZ 62 ex PTT (RhB) Z4° 76 ex 88 1955 rebuilt with bogies ex Z° 26 ex 321
- all motor coaches are double cab
- all driving trailers are single cab
- B 341-342 are MU-wired for push-pull operation with Be4/4 201-205, BDe4/4 211 and Bt 301-305
- ACMV : Ateliers de constructions mécaniques de Vevey
- BBC : Brown, Boveri & Cie
- BD : Bremgarten-Dietikon Bahn
- BTI : Biel-Taufelen-Ins Bahn
- CJ : Chemins de fer du Jura
- LEB : Chemin de fer Lausanne-Echallens-Bercher
- RhB : Rhätische Bahn
- SAAS : S.A. Ateliers Sécheron, Geneva
- SWS : Schweizerische Wagon & Aufagefabrik
- YSteC : Chemins de fer Yverdon-Ste.Croix
The earliest section to open, that in Switzerland, continued after the closure of the French section and in the 1980s was part of a modernisation programme. The voltage was changed to the more universally used 1500 volt d.c. and automatic block signalling installed. New rolling stock arrived on the line in 1985 with the introduction of new “automotrice” – powered driving railcars and these were followed the following year by voitures pilote - driving trailers. Plans were put forward in 1999 to extend the line some 2.5 km. over the French border to the village of Les Rousses but this did not prove cost effective to the communities involved and was rejected. In 2004 the Nyon terminus was moved to a two platform underground station on the north side of the main line approached by escalators from the station underpass.
The original “automotrice”, of which 7 were built, were heavy duty vehicles and could haul several trailer cars. Two of these have survived, restored to working order, at the Chemin de Fer de la Mure near Grenoble. Two other examples were sold to the same railway but have yet to be restored. Some trailer cars have also survived including No. B7 which has been restored at the Blonay-Chamby museum line near Montreux and another example at the Chemin de Fer Voies Ferrees du Velay in Haute Loire. The vehicles carried a dark red livery.
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