Thomas D. Rice

Thomas D. Rice

Thomas Dartmouth (T.D.) "Daddy" Rice (May 20, 1808 – September 19, 1860) was a comedian in the blackface form of comedy of the 19th century. Because he developed an immediately popular song-and-dance routine playing the role of an old black slave called "Jim Crow", he has also been called "father of American minstrelsy". [cite web
url=http://libweb.princeton.edu/libraries/firestone/rbsc/aids/tc050.html
title=American Minstrel Show Collection
publisher=
accessdate=2007-03-21
]

"Daddy" Rice was born in New York City. His act included the song and dance "Jump Jim Crow" which would later give its name to "Jim Crow" segregation laws in the southern United States. In the 1850s, he played the title role in one of the more prominent (and one of the least abolitionist) "Tom shows", loosely based on Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin". (Lott, 1993, 211)

Rice's greatest prominence came in the 1830s, before the rise of full-blown blackface minstrel shows, when blackface performances were typically part of a variety show or as an entr'acte in another play. Rice's playlet "Oh Hush! or The Virginny Cupids" was the most popular of the time. It is centered on a song "Coal Black Rose", which predated the playlet. Rice played Cuff, boss of the bootblacks, and he wins the girl, Rose, away from the black dandy Sambo Johnson, a former bootblack who made money by winning a lottery. (Lott, 1993, 133)

Notes

References

* http://www.geometry.net/nobel/passy_frederic_page_no_2.php
*Lott, Eric. "Love and Theft: Blackface Minstrelsy and the American Working Class". New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-19-507832-2.

ources

* [http://www.streetswing.com/histmai2/d2rice1.htm "Dance History Archives by Street Swing"]
* [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9063536/Thomas-Dartmouth-Rice Encyclopedia Britannica]

Persondata
NAME= Rice, Thomas D.
ALTERNATIVE NAMES="Daddy" Rice
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Comedian
DATE OF BIRTH=May 20 1808
PLACE OF BIRTH=New York City, New York
DATE OF DEATH=September 19 1860
PLACE OF DEATH=


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thomas D. Rice — Thomas Dartmouth (T.D.) „Daddy“ Rice (* 20. Mai 1808; † 16. September 1860), war ein weißer US amerikanischer Komiker und der Erfinder des blackface. Bei dem Blackface bemalen sich weiße Künstler ihr Gesicht schwarz und spielen einen Schwarzen.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Spring Rice, 1st Baron Monteagle of Brandon — Thomas Spring Rice, 1st Baron Monteagle of Brandon, PC, FRS (8 February, 1790 7 February 1866) was a British Whig politician. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1835 to 1839. Spring Rice was the son of Stephen Edward Rice of Mount… …   Wikipedia

  • Monteagle, Thomas Spring-Rice, Baron — (1790 1866)    British statesman.    Index: Sy Chancellor of the Exchequer, 55, 56; elevated to the peerage as Lord Monteagle, 57.    Bib.: Dict. Nat. Biog …   The makers of Canada

  • Rice (surname) — Rice is a surname that originated in Wales as an Anglicised transliteration of Rhys. The surname is also common in North East Ireland as an Anglicised contraction of the Irish Ó Maolchraoibhe (pron. O Mulcreevy), though the two sets of Rices are… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Rice — may mean… * Thomas Rice (Massachusetts politician), U.S. Representative from Massachusetts circa 1815 1817 * Thomas D. Rice (Thomas Dartmouth (T.D.) Daddy Rice, 1808 1860), minstrel performer …   Wikipedia

  • Rice — steht für: Rice (Kalifornien), Stadt in Kalifornien, USA Rice (Minnesota), Stadt in Minnesota, USA Rice (Texas), Stadt in Texas, USA Rice University, Universität in Houston, Texas Rice ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Albert E. Rice… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas S. Hamblin — Thomas Sowerby Hamblin (14 May 1800 – 8 January 1853) was an English actor and theatre manager. He first took the stage in England, then immigrated to the United States in 1825. He received critical acclaim there, and eventually entered theatre… …   Wikipedia

  • rice rat — any rat of the genus Oryzomys, having an exceptionally long tail, esp. O. palustris, inhabiting rice fields and marshes of the southern U.S., Mexico, and Central America. [1880 85] * * * ▪ rodent  any of 36 nocturnal species of small rodents… …   Universalium

  • Thomas's Shrew Tenrec — Thomas s Shrew Tenrec[1] Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)[2 …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Menino — Thomas Michael Menino 53rd Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts Incumbent Assumed office July 12, 1993 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”