Chalcidian helmet

Chalcidian helmet
Chalcidian pottery depicting Heracles fighting the monster Geryon, each of whose three heads is wearing a Chaldician helmet.

A Chalcidian helmet or Chalcidian type helmet was a helmet made of bronze and worn by ancient warriors of the Hellenic world, especially popular in Greece in the fourth and fifth centuries BC. The helmet was also worn extensively in the Greek (Southern) parts of Italy in the same period.



The helmet is so-called because it was first, and is most commonly, depicted on pottery once thought to derive from the Euboean city of Chalcis. In fact, it is not known whether the helmet actually originated in Chalcis; indeed, it is not known whether the pottery in question was actually Chalcidian.


A Chaldician helmet made of bronze; second half of the 6th century BC.

The helmet appears to have been a development of the Corinthian helmet, its improvements in design giving the wearer better hearing and vision, resulting in a lighter and less bulky helmet.

It consisted of a hemispherical dome, and below that, generally inset from the top dome, a pair of cheek pieces and a neck guard, with a substantial loop on either side for the wearer's ears. In the front, between the two cheek pieces, was a small nasal bar to protect the wearer's nose. The helmet could be entirely one piece, or the cheek pieces could be attached separately by hinges, which eased construction and made putting the helmet on easier. In Italy, the helmet with fixed cheek pieces is referred to as Chalcidian, its variant with hinged cheek pieces is called a Lucanian helmet because it was widely used in Lucania.

The helmet would commonly have a hole pierced on each cheek piece or elsewhere in order to accept an inner lining which was made of leather. Adornments such as combs and other protuberances were usually placed on the top of the helmet.


Helmet found on north of Danube

By the time of Alexander the Great, the helmet was still worn by armoured soldiers, especially Hoplites, the spear-armed heavy infantrymen (other than those of the Spartans, who instead wore the much plainer pilos helmet). It is likely that some of the Macedonian soldiers who conquered Greece and went on to forge a substantial Hellenistic empire also wore the Chalcidian helmet. The helmet is thought to have developed in turn into the Attic helmet which is iconic of classical soldiers.

See also


  • Heckel, Waldemar, and Jones, Ryan. Macedonian Warrior: Alexander's Elite Infantryman. Osprey Publishing, 2006. ISBN 1841769509
  • Horsnaes, Helle W. The Cultural Development in North Western Lucania C. 600-273 BC. L'Erma di Bretschneider, 2002. ISBN 8882651940
  • Sekunda, Nicholas. Greek Hoplite, 480-323 BC: 480-323 BC. Osprey Publishing, 2000. ISBN 1855328674

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Combat helmet — American Enhanced Combat Helmet A combat helmet or battle helmet is a type of personal armor designed specifically to protect the head during combat. Helmets are among the oldest forms of personal protective equipment and are known to have been… …   Wikipedia

  • Corinthian helmet — Bronze Corinthian helmet, ca. 500 BCE, Staatliche Antikensammlungen (Inv. 4330) …   Wikipedia

  • Attic helmet — The Attic helmet was a type of helmet that was originated in Classical Greece and was widely used in Italy and the Hellenistic world until well into the Roman Empire. [ Terms such as Illyrian and attic are used in archeology for convenience to… …   Wikipedia

  • Дорийский шлем — Шлем коринфского типа из Лувра (VI в. до н. э.) Коринфские шлемы тип древнегреческого шлема, был распространён в VI V вв. до н. э. Получил название по г. Коринфу на Пелопоннесе, где было развито производство таких шлемов. Воины Спарты, соседи… …   Википедия

  • Thracian warfare — Thracian peltast, 5th to 4th century BC. Sica, the national weapon of the Thracians …   Wikipedia

  • Troilus — [ Etruscan fresco, Tomb of the Bulls, Tarquinia, c540 530BC.] Troilus (also Troilos, Troylus) (Ancient Greek: Τρωίλος, Troïlos, Latin: Troilus) is a legendary character associated with the story of the Trojan War. The first surviving reference to …   Wikipedia

  • Hybrid (mythology) — Assyrian Shedu from the entrance to the throne room of the palace of Sargon II at Dur Sharrukin (late 8th century BC), excavated by Paul Émile Botta, 1843–1844, now at the Department of Oriental antiquities, Richelieu wing of the Louvre …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”