Tam Dalyell of the Binns

Tam Dalyell of the Binns

General Tam (Thomas) Dalyell "( Dalziell, Dalziel or Dalzell)" (1615 – 1685) was a Scottish Royalist General. Also known by the soubriquets, "Bluidy Tam" and the "Muscovite de'il".

Dalyell was born in Linlithgowshire; the son of Thomas Dalyell of the House of the Binns, Linlithgowshire; head of a cadet branch of the family of the Earls of Carnwath, and of Janet, daughter of the 1st Lord Bruce of Kinloss, Master of the Rolls in England.

He appears to have accompanied Charles I's expedition to La Rochelle in 1628 at the age of 13. Latterly as a colonel, served under General Robert Munro and General Leslie in Ulster.

Hearing of the execution of Charles I on 30 January 1649 it is said that he refused to shave his beard as a penance for the behaviour of his fellow countrymen. He was taken prisoner at the capitulation of Carrickfergus in August 1650, but was given a free pass, and having been banished from Scotland, remained in Ireland.

He was present at the Battle of Worcester (3 September 1651), where his men surrendered, and he himself was captured and imprisoned in the Tower of London. In May he escaped abroad, and in 1654 took part in the Highland rebellion and was exempted from Oliver Cromwell's act of grace, a reward of 200 guineas being offered for his capture, dead or alive.

Dalziel evaded capture and fled to Russia. There he entered the service of the Tsar, Alexei Mikhailovich, and distinguished himself as general in the wars against the Turks and Tatars.

He returned to Britain upon The Restoration of Charles II. By 19 July 1666 he was appointed commander-in-chief in Scotland, with orders to subdue the Covenanters. Dalziel defeated them at the Battle of Rullion Green, in the Pentland Hills, south of Edinburgh. He treated the defeated with great cruelty, imprisoning some 1200 covenanters in Greyfriars Kirkyard amongst other things, earning him the nickname "Bluidy Tam". The General obtained several of the forfeited estates of his opponents.

On 3 January 1667 he was made a privy councillor, and from 1678 till his death he represented Linlithgow in the Scottish parliament. He was incensed by the choice of the Duke of Monmouth as commander-in-chief in June 1679, and was confirmed in his original appointment by Charles, but in consequence did not appear at the Battle of Bothwell Brig till after the close of the engagement .

On 25 November 1681, a commission was issued authorizing him to enroll the regiment afterwards known as the Scots Greys. His commission was confirmed by James VII of Scotland, but died soon after the latter's accession in August 1685. He married Agnes, daughter of John Ker of Cavers, by whom he had a son, Thomas, created a baronet in 1685, whose only son and heir, Thomas, died unmarried. The baronetage apparently became extinct, but it was assumed about 1726 by James Menteith. The Dalyell Baronetage today is represented by Tam Dalyell "a.k.a." Sir Thomas Dalyell of the Binns, 11th Baronet, the veteran British politician.

Gaming with the Devil

Legend has it that "Bluidy Tam" enjoyed on occasion a hand of cards with the Devil. During one of these games, the Devil losing threw the card table at the General. The Devil missed and the Table flew threw through the window and ended up in a pond on the grounds of the House of the Binns. This tale was passed down through generations of inhabitants of the Binns. In 1870 following a particularly hard drought, a Marble topped Card table was seen poking through the low waters of the pond. In 1930 the Mother of the present Tam Dalyell asked a local joiner to repair the legs on the table, to find out that the about to be retired tradesman's first job was to retrieve said table from the pond. ["Strange Tales of the Lothians". Lang Syne, Midlothian 1978]



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