- Carl Andre
Andre was born in
Quincy, Massachusettsand educated in Quincy public schools and at Phillips AcademyAndover, where he became friends with Hollis Framptonand Michael Chapman. Andre served in the U.S. Army in North Carolina from 1955-56. He moved to New York City and in 1958 met Frank Stellain whose studio he developed a series of wooden "cut" sculptures. From 1960-64 Andre worked as freight brakeman and conductor in New Jersey for the Pennsylvania Railroad. In 1965 he had his first public exhibition of work in the "Shape and Structure" show curated by Henry Geldzahlerat the Tibor de Nagy Gallery. Andre's controversial "Lever" was included in the seminal 1966 show at the Jewish Museum in New York entitled, "Primary Structures." In 1970 he had a one man exhibition at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, and has had one man exhibitions and participated in group shows in major museums, galleries and kunsthalles throughout America and Europe to the present. Andre's concept of sculpture as "place" is of singular importance to the evolution of his work and to minimalist work in general.
In 1972 the
Tate Galleryin Londonbought his " Equivalent VIII" (1966), popularly known as "The Bricks", which consists of 120 firebricks arranged in a rectangle, and which was an international " succès de scandale". Andre also writes concrete poetrywhich has been exhibited in the United States and Europe, a comprehensive collection of which is in the collection of the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam. He is represented by the Paula Cooper Gallery, New York.
In 1988 he was acquitted (found not guilty) of murder in the death of his wife, artist
Andre's uncle was the British broadcaster
Raymond Baxter. Baxter often appeared to defend his nephew's work in the UK and recalled taking him as a teenager to visit Stonehenge.
last = Busch
first = Julia M.
title = A Decade of Sculpture: the New Media in the 1960's
publisher = [http://www.aupresses.com/ Associated University Presses]
date = 1974
location = London
isbn = 0-87982-007-1
* [http://www.guggenheimcollection.org/site/artist_bio_3.html Short biography] from the Guggenheim Museum
* [http://www.acegallery.net/artistmenu.php?Artist=40 Carl Andre] at Ace Gallery
* [http://www.yvon-lambert.com/index_pr.php?section=art_pr&artist=ca_andre Carl Andre] at the web site of Yvon Lambert, agent. Contains photographs of selected works, and a biographical list of exhibitions.
* [http://www.tate.org.uk/servlet/ViewWork?cgroupid=999999961&workid=507&searchid=12133&currow=1&maxrows=10 Carl Andre] at the
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.