Flavius Valerius Severus

Flavius Valerius Severus

Infobox Roman emperor
title=Emperor of the Roman Empire
full name= Flavius Valerius Severus

caption =Flavius Valerius Severus
as caesar (305-306)
reign =1 May 305 - summer 306 (as Caesar in the west under Constantius Chlorus);
summer 306 - March or April 307 (as Augustus in the west, in competition with Constantine, Maxentius, and Maximian)
predecessor =Constantius I (Constantius Chlorus]
successor =Maxentius, Licinius
spouse =
spouse 2 =
issue =(Flavius?) Severianus
dynasty =
father =
mother =
date of birth =
place of birth =Illyria
date of death =16 September 307
place of death =Tres Tabernae
place of burial =|

Flavius Valerius Severus (or rarely Severus II) (died 16 September, 307) was a Western Roman Emperor from 306 to 307.

Severus was of humble birth, born in the Illyrian provinces around the middle of the third century AD. He rose to become a senior officer in the Roman army, and as an old friend of Galerius, that emperor ordered that Severus be appointed "Caesar" of the Western Roman Empire, a post that he succeeded to on 1 May 305. He thus served as deputy-emperor to Constantius I (Constantius Chlorus), "Augustus" of the western half of empire.

On the death of Constantius I in the summer of 306, Severus was promoted to "Augustus" by Galerius himself, in opposition to the acclamation of Constantine I (Constantius' son) by his own soldiers. When Maxentius, the son of the retired emperor Maximian, revolted at Rome, Galerius sent Severus to suppress the rebellion. Severus moved from his capital, Mediolanum, towards Rome, at the head of an army previously commanded by Maximian. Fearing Severus' arrival, Maxentius offered Maximian the co-rule of the empire. Maximian accepted, and when Severus arrived under the walls of Rome and besieged it, his men deserted him and passed to Maximian, their old commander. Severus fled to Ravenna, in an impregnable position. Maximian offered to spare Severus' life and treat him humanely if the latter surrendered peaceably, which he did so in March or April 307. Despite Maximian's assurance, Severus was nonetheless displayed as a captive and later imprisoned at Tres Tabernae. When Galerius himself invaded Italy to suppress Maxentius and Maximian, the former ordered Severus' death. He was executed (or forced to commit suicide) on 16 September 307.


* [http://www.roman-emperors.org/severus.htm DiMaio, Michael, "Severus II (306-307 A.D.)", "De Imperatoribus Romanis"]

External links

s-ttl | title=Roman Emperor

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Flavius Valerius Severus — Follis des Flavius Valerius Severus als Caesar Flavius Valerius Severus (selten auch Severus II.; † 16. September 307 bei Tres Tabernae) war Soldat in den illyrischen Provinzen, bevor sein Freund Galerius ihn im Jahr 305 zum Unterkaiser (Caesar)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SEVERUS Flavius Valerius — Maximiniani Armentarii Imperatoris ex xorore nepos. Ab avunculo, cum Maximino, Caesar declaratus. A. C. 304. Italiae et Africae res curavit. Hic dum Maxentio, qui Romae Imperium arripuerat, occurrere properaret, victus Ravennam se recepit, unde a …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Valerius — originally was a Roman nomen of the gens Valeria, one of the oldest patrician families of the city. The name was in use throughout Roman history. Later it became also a given name.Possible Latin forms include, in the nominative: * Valerius , male …   Wikipedia

  • Severus (Begriffsklärung) — Severus war Bestandteil des Namens folgender römischer Kaiser: Septimius Severus (193–211) Severus Alexander (222–235) Flavius Valerius Severus (306/307) Libius Severus (461–465) Außerdem trugen diesen Namen: Cornelius Severus, römischer Dichter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Severus — is Latin cognomen, most often used for Septimius Severus, Alexander Severus and other members of the Severan dynasty.Severus can also refer to: *Sextus Julius Severus, a second century Roman general *Flavius Valerius Severus, a fourth century… …   Wikipedia

  • Flavius — (as used in expressions) Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Flavius Gratianus Augustus Flavius Ricimer Titus Flavius Vespasianus Titus Flavius Clemens Flavius Valerius Constantius Josephus Flavius Flavius Theodosius Flavius Valentinianus Flavius …   Universalium

  • Severus — Follis des Flavius Valerius Severus als Caesar Flavius Valerius Severus (selten auch Severus II.; † 16. September 307 bei Tres Tabernae) war ein Kaiser der römischen Tetrarchie. Er war Soldat in den illyrischen Provinzen, bev …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Valerius — Valerii Principales gentes romaines Gens Aemilia Gens Claudia Gens Cornelia Gens Fabia Gens Iulia Gens Iunia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Severus — /seuh vear euhs/, n. Lucius Septimius /sep tim ee euhs/, A.D. 146 211, Roman emperor 193 211. * * * (as used in expressions) Severus Septimius Lucius Septimius Severus Pertinax Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus Severus Alexander Marcus… …   Universalium

  • Sevērus [1] — Sevērus, römischer Name, d.h. der Strenge. I. Römische Kaiser: 1) Lucius Septimius S., geb. 145 zu Leptis in Afrika; studirte in Rom u. wurde vom Kaiser Marc. Aurelius in den Senat gewählt, verwaltete dann Gallien, Pannonien u. Sicilien, erhielt… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”