- Philip J. Landrigan
Philip J. Landrigan, M.D., M.Sc., is an American
epidemiologistand pediatricianand one of the world's leading advocates of children's health. [http://yosemite.epa.gov/ochp/ochpweb.nsf/content/2006_CEH_Awards.htm World Health Organization] ]
His work has been recognized by national non-profit organization [http://www.healthychild.org/ Healthy Child Healthy World] (Lifetime Achievement Award) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (Child Health Champion Award), and he is included in
New York Magazine's list of "Best Doctors 2008." [ [http://www.castleconnolly.com/doctors/results.cfm New York Magazine: Best Doctors] ]
His books include "Raising Healthy Children in a Toxic World: 101 Smart Solutions for Every Family" and, with
Herbert Needleman, "Raising Children Toxic Free: How to Keep Your Child Safe From Lead, Asbestos, Pesticides and Other Environmental Hazards". He has published over 500 scientific papers.
He is currently the Director of the Children's Environmental Health Center and the Ethel Wise Professor and Chair of the Department of Community and Preventive Medicine at
Mount Sinai Medical Centerin New York City.
Public health advocate
Landrigan's reputation rests largely on his role as a highly credible evidence-based advocate for public health, specifically in his focus on reducing the level of children's exposure to
leadand pesticidesand for his participation in the World Health Organization's global campaign to eradicate smallpox. He was also a central figure in developing the National Children's Study[ [http://www.nydailynews.com/lifestyle/health/2008/09/17/2008-09-17_chemicals_around_us_pose_a_problem_for_y.html?page=0 New York Daily News: "Chemicals around us pose a problem for youngest New Yorkers"] ] and in the medical and epidemiological studies that followed the destruction of the World Trade Centeron September 11, 2001. [http://epw.senate.gov/107th/Landrigan_021102.htm Philip Landrigan testifies before the U.S. Senate] ] Additionally, from 1995 to 1997, Landrigan served on the Presidential Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veteran’s Illnesses, [ [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/syndrome/interviews/landrigan.html Frontline: Last Battle of the Gulf War] ] and, in 1997 and 1998, served as Senior Advisor on Children's Health to the Administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, where he helped establish the Office of Children's Health Protection.
He has been awarded the Meritorious Service Medal of the US Public Health Service [ [http://www.cehn.org/cehn/Staff%20and%20Board%20Bios/biolandrigan.html Chldren's Environmental Health Network] ] and is a frequent consultant to the World Health Organization, which called Landrigan's work "instrumental in passing the
Food Quality Protection Actof 1996."
In the early 1970s, Landrigan took on
ASARCO, a smelting company and one of the largest employers in El Paso, Texas. In testing the blood of children attending schools near ASARCO's El Paso smelting plant, Landrigan concluded that 60% of children living within one mile of the smelter had elevated blood lead levels and that even small amounts of lead exposure lowers a child’s IQ. [ [http://discovermagazine.com/2008/may/25-how-much-do-chemicals-affect-our-health Discover Magazine: How much do chemicals affect our health?] ] In a later study (2002), Landrigan correlated childhood lead exposure and lifetime earning potential, concluding that current levels of lead exposure in the United States amount to an aggregate income loss of over $40 billion dollars a year. [ [http://www.who.int/ifcs/documents/forums/forum6/ipen_leadpaint.doc Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety] ]
Landrigan and his studies played a key role in the government mandate phasing out lead components from
gasoline, beginning in 1975, and the federal ban on lead paintin 1978 – culminating in an 88% drop in lead levels in American children by 2005. [http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS014067360561015X/fulltext The Lancet: Philip Landrigan: Children's health crusader] ] [ [http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/2007-10-28-lead-cover_N.htm USA Today: "For many kids, lead threat is right in their own homes"] ]
Beginning in 1988, at the request of U.S. Senator
Patrick Leahyof Vermont, Landrigan led a 5-year study at the National Academy of Sciences to examine whether the accepted standard for pesticide exposure – aimed to protect a 150-pound adult – was adequate to protect the health of children. In 1993, the Landrigan Committee released a report, "Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children", that was the first to prove that children are uniquely susceptible to adverse effects of pesticides. The report called for standards ten times more stringent than those in effect at publication. Two major pesticides were subsequently banned from the residential market. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CE1D91E3CF936A35754C0A965958260 New York Times: "Results of Study on Pesticide Encourage Effort to Cut Use"] ]
On February 11, 2002, Landrigan testified before the House Committee on Education and the Workforce on the impacts of the September 11 attacks on the health of children. Landrigan addressed the issue of
asbestosparticles found in the air:
"Almost no data exist on the possible long-term consequences of low level asbestos in early childhood. Causes of malignant mesothelioma have, however, been reported in the grown children of asbestos workers who were exposed to take-home asbestos; among non-working women in the asbestos mining townships of Quebec who were exposed in the community; and among long term residents of a community near an asbestos-cement plant in Northern Italy."
In October, 2001, New York Magazine noted a disagreement between Landrigan and the EPA over the dangers posed by asbestos particles found in the air immediately after the September 11 attacks. While generally agreeing that significant risk was to the rescue workers alone, [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A05EEDF143BF93BA2575AC0A9679C8B63&scp=1&sq=Dust%20Is%20a%20Problem,%20but%20the%20Risk%20Seems%20Small&st=cse New York Times: A NATION CHALLENGED; "Dust Is a Problem, but the Risk Seems Small"] ] Landrigan disagreed with the EPA that tiny asbestos particles were too small to be considered dangerous, saying, "It's been substantiated by 30 or 40 years of research that the smaller fibers are the ones that can penetrate most deeply into the lungs." [ [http://nymag.com/nymetro/news/sept11/features/5291/ New York Magazine: The Air Down There] ]
Boston Latin Schoolin 1959 and Boston Collegein 1963. He received his medical degree from Harvard Medical Schoolin 1967 and completed his internship at Cleveland Metropolitan General Hospital and his residency at Boston Children's Hospital.
His post-graduate education included the
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicineand his completion, with distinction, of a Master of Science in Occupational Medicine at the University of London.
From 1996 to 2005, Landrigan served in the Medical Corps of the
United States Naval Reserve, retiring at the rank of Captain. He continues to serve as Deputy Command Surgeon General of the New York Naval Militia. From 2000 to 2002, he served on the Armed Forces Epidemiological Board. [ [http://ceh.resourcehub.ssrc.org/philip-j-landrigan/person_view Social Science Research Council] ]
He received Navy & Marine Corps Commendation Medals in 2002, 2003, and 2005, the Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Public Service in 2002, and the
National Defense Service Medalin 2003.
*Chairman, Department of Community and Preventative Medicine,
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1990-present
*Professor of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1985-Present.
*Former Director, Division of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine,1985-1990.
*Former Senior Advisor to the Administrator on Children's Health and the Environment, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1997-1998
*Former Director, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies,
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1979-1985.
*Former Chief, Environmental Hazards Activity, Bureau of Epidemiology,
Centers for Disease Control, 1974-1979.
*Former Director, Research and Development, Bureau of Smallpox Eradication, Centers for Disease Control, 1973-1974
*Former Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) Officer, Centers for Disease Control, 1970-1973.
*Clinical Professor of Environmental Health,
University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine, 1983 - Present.
*Visiting Lecturer on Preventive Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology,
Harvard Medical School, 1982 - Present.
*Visiting Lecturer on Occupational Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 1981 - Present.
*Former Assistant Clinical Professor of Environmental Health,
University of Cincinnati, Department of Environmental Health, College of Medicine, 1981 - 1986.
*Past Visiting Fellow, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, TUC Institute of Occupational Health, 1976 - 1977.
*Former Clinical Instructor in Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, 1969 - 1970.
*2008 Boston College Alumni Award for Professional Excellence [ [http://www.bc.edu/alumni/association/awards.html Boston College, 2008 Alumni Awards of Excellence] ]
*2008 Irving J. Selikoff Award, Collegium Ramazzini [ [http://www.mountsinai.org/Who%20We%20Are/Newsroom/Press%20Releases?citype=News&ciid=06052008 Mount Sinai’s Dr. Philip J. Landrigan Awarded the Irving J. Selikoff Award] ]
*2008 Healthy Schools Hero Award, Healthy Schools Network, Inc.
*2008 Edith Macy Award for Distinguished Service, Westchester Children’s Association
*2006 Lifetime Achievement Award, Children's Health Environmental Coalition
*2006 Child Health Champion Award, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
*2005 Humanities Award for Children's Health Protection, Huntington Breast Cancer Action Coalition
Rachel CarsonEnvironmental Award, NNFA
National Nutritional Foods Association
*2005 Super Hero Award for Children's Health, Federated Conservationists of Westchester County
*2005 Health Achievement in Occupational Medicine Award, American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
*2005 J. Lester Gabrilove Award, Mount Sinai School of Medicine
*2003 David P. Rall Award for Advocacy in Public Health, American Public Health Association
*2003 Jorma Rantanen Award, Finnish Institute for Occupational Health
*2002 Haven Emerson Award, Public Health Association of New York City
*2002 James Keogh Award, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
*2002 Jacobi Medallion, Mount Sinai School of Medicine
*2001 - 2006 Top Doctor. Preventive Medicine. New York Metropolitan Area and United States, Castle Connolly Ltd
*2000 William Steiger Memorial Award, American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists
Earth DayNew York, Award for Excellence in Environmental Medicine
*1999 Award for Advocacy on Behalf of the Health of Children, Mothers & Others for a Livable Planet
*1999 Katherine Boucot Sturgis Award,
American College of Preventive Medicine
*1998 Vernon Houk Award, International Society for Occupational and Environmental Health
*1998 Environmental Achievement Award, New Jersey Environmental Federation Certificate of Recognition
*1996 Broad Street Pump Award in Environmental Health,
Physicians for Social Responsibility
*1995 Occupational Health and Safety Award,
International Association of Fire Fighters
*1995 Herbert L. Needleman Medal and Award for Scientific Contributions and Advocacy on Behalf of Children,
American Public Health Association
William SidellPresidential Award, United Brotherhood of Carpenters
*1993 Harriet Hardy Award, New England College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
*1987 Elected to membership, Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences
*1985 Annual Honoree, New York Committee for Occupational Safety and Health
*1985 Meritorious Service Medal,
United States Public Health Service
*1978 Group Citation as Member of Beryllium Review Panel, United States Public Health Service
*1976 Career Development Award, United States Public Health Service
*1973 Volunteer Award,
United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
*Landrigan PJ, Selikoff IJ (editors). "Occupational Health in the 1990's: Developing a Platform for Disease Prevention." Annals NY Academy of Sciences: 572 1-296, 1989. ISBN 0897665236
*Landrigan PJ. (Chair): "Environmental Neurotoxicology." Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council. Washington: National Academy Press, 1992. ISBN 0309045312
*Landrigan PJ (Chair): "Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children." Committee on Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children. Board on Agriculture, and Commission on Life Sciences. National Research Council. Washington: National Academy Press, 1993. ISBN 0309048753
*Landrigan PJ, Needleman HL: "Raising Children Toxic Free. How to Keep Your Child Safe From Lead, Asbestos, Pesticides and Other Environmental Hazards." New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1994. ISBN 0380725770
*Leigh JP, Markowitz S, Fahs M, Landrigan P: "Costs of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses." Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 2000. ISBN 0472110810
*Landrigan PJ, Needleman HL, Landrigan M. "Raising Healthy Children in a Toxic World: 101 Smart Solutions for Every Family." Emmaus PA: Rodale Press, 2002. # ISBN 087596947X
*Mehlman MA, Bingham E, Landrigan PJ, Soffritti M, Belpoggi F, Melnick RL. "Carcinogenesis Bioassays and Protecting Public Health. Commemorating the lifework of Cesare Maltoni and colleagues." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (Vol. 982), New York, NY. GYAT/B-M Press, 2002. ISBN 1573314064
* [http://www.cehcenter.org/ The Children's Environmental Health Center at Mount Sinai Medical Center]
* [http://www.mssm.edu Mount Sinai School of Medicine]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vzniOFuvtLw Video: Dr. Landrigan testifies before Congress on the protection given to workers at the World Trade Center site after 9/11]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T1asZ_v2hrk Video: Dr. Landrigan on lead in children's toys]
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