Nicholas Plunkett

Nicholas Plunkett

Sir Nicholas Plunkett (1602–1680) was the son of Christopher Plunkett, Lord Killeen, and Jane Dillon. At the age of twenty Plunkett traveled to London to receive training as a lawyer at Gray's Inn in London, and later at King's Inn in Dublin. By the 1630s he had established a thriving legal practice: the attempts by Thomas Wentworth to confiscate Irish estates ensured his services were in high demand. At this time he also became an MP in the Irish Parliament.

At the outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641, Plunkett attempted to remain neutral. However, in mid 1642 government troops looted and torched his home in Balrath, County Meath: Plunkett unsurprisingly thereafter gave support to the leaders of the Irish Insurgents. He played a prominent role in the foundation of the Confederation of Kilkenny, sitting as chairman at the first meeting of the Confederate Assembly and was also a member of the Confederate Supreme Council (One of six members representing the province of Leinster)[1]. Plunkett was also appointed Muster-Master general.[2]

In 1644 Plunkett was a member of a Confederate delegation sent to negotiate a treaty with king Charles. The first Ormond Peace was eventually arranged in 1646, but despite Plunkett's efforts the Catholic Clergy of Ireland rejected the treaty.

Plunkett was a deeply religious man, who impressed the Papal Nuncio, Rinuccini after his arrival in Ireland in late 1645. Even so, Plunkett was a moderate by disposition, and he thus became a leader of the moderate Confederate faction, attempting in 1647 to reconcile the supporters of Ormond and those of Rinuccini. In 1648 he once again took part in a Confederate delegation, this time to Rome, in an attempt to gain further Papal support. The Pope made Plunkett a knight of the Golden Spur, but the mission to Rome was largely a failure.

While he was in Rome a Civil War broke out in the Confederation over the Inchiquin truce of 1648. When Plunklett returned, the clerical faction of the Confederates had lost influence, and so Plunkett became involved in negotiations for a second Ormond Peace, eventually signed in early 1649.

Only six months later the New Model Army launched a full scale invasion of Ireland, and within a year had conquered large areas of the island. The Marquis of Clanricarde was appointed leader of the Irish forces in late 1650, replacing the discredited Earl of Ormond. In 1651 Clanricarde sent Plunkett with Geoffrey Browne on a desperate mission to negotiate with Charles IV, the extremely wealthy Duke of Lorraine, but the mission to gain his support was not successful.

After the conquest of Ireland Plunkett had his lands confiscated and was transported to Connacht. His luck changed at the Restoration in 1660, however: the endless disputes between the dispossessed Irish landholders and the planters enabled him to restore his legal practice to its former esteem.

Nicholas Plunkett's brother, Patrick, was also prominent in Confederate politics, becoming Bishop of Ardagh in 1647 largely thanks to the backing of Rinuccini.[3]


  • ^Note 1 : Meehan, Confederation of Kilkenny, pg 46
  • ^Note 2 : Meehan, Confederation of Kilkenny, pg 47
  • ^Note 3 : Ó hAnnracháin, Tadhg, The Mission of Rinuccini, pg 277


  1. ^ Meehan,Confederation of Kilkenny,pg46
  2. ^ Meehan,Confederation of Kilkenny,pg47
  3. ^ O hAnnrachain,The Mission of Rinuccini,pg277


  • Ó hAnnracháin, Tadhg (2001). Reformation and the Wars of the Three Kingdoms in Ireland: The Mission of Rinuccini, 1645-49. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nicholas Plunkett — (1602–1680) fue el abogado que junto al obispo Nicholas French y el abogado Patricio D arcy, colaboró en la elaboración de la Confederación de irlandeses católicos para hacer frente a la rebelión que azotó a la isla de Irlanda e 1641. Era hijo de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nicholas French — (1604 – 23 August 1678), Roman Catholic Bishop of Ferns, was an Irish political activist and pamphleteer, who was born at Wexford. He was educated at the Irish College at Louvain, and returning to Ireland became a priest at Wexford. In 1641, war… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas French — Pour les articles homonymes, voir French. Nicholas French, (Wexford 1604 Gand 23 août 1678), archevêque de Ferns, était un activiste et un pamphlétaire irlandais. Biographie Il fit ses études au collège irlandais de Louvain, et à son retour en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicholas Nugent — (c. 1525 – 1582) was an Irish judge, unique among the Irish judiciary in being hanged for treason. He had had a highly successful career, holding office as Solicitor General for Ireland, Baron of the Irish Court of Exchequer, and Chief Justice of …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas St Lawrence, 4th Baron Howth — (c. 1460 1526) was a leading Irish soldier and statesman of the early Tudor period. Contents 1 Early life 2 Lambert Simnel 3 Battle of Knockdoe 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Nicholas French — Nicolás French Nacimiento c. 1604 Wexford Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Elizabeth Plunkett, Countess of Fingall — Elizabeth O Donnell (1604 c.1630) was the 1st Countess of Fingal. She was the daughter of Prince Rory O Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, and Lady Bridget FitzGerald, daughter of Henry FitzGerald, 12th Earl of Kildare. After her father s death in… …   Wikipedia

  • Christopher Plunkett, 2nd Earl of Fingall — (died Dublin Castle 1649) Married to Mabel daughter of Nicholas, 1st Viscount Barnewall. Christopher Plunkett was a Confederate cavalry commander during the 1641 Rebellion and present at the siege of Drogheda, outlawed in County Meath on 17… …   Wikipedia

  • MURRAY, Sir John Hubert Plunkett (1861-1940) — administrator was born at Sydney on 29 December 1861. His father, Sir Terence Aubrey Murray (1810 73), son of Captain Terence Murray, a paymaster in the British army, was born at Limerick, Ireland, in 1810, came to Sydney in 1827, and worked for… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Chambre des communes irlandaise — La Chambre des communes irlandaise en 1780 par Francis Wheatley La Chambre des communes irlandaise était la chambre basse du Parlement d Irlande, qui exista depuis le Moyen Âge jusqu en 1800. La chambre haute était la Chambre des Lords irlandaise …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”