Anaerobic is a technical word which literally means "without air" (where "air" is generally used to mean oxygen), as opposed to aerobic.

In wastewater treatment the absence of oxygen is indicated as "anoxic"; and "anaerobic" is used to indicate the absence of a common electron acceptor such as nitrate, sulfate or oxygen. An anaerobic adhesive is a bonding agent that does not cure in the presence of air.

Anaerobic refers to:
*Anaerobic clarigester, is a form of anaerobic digester
*Anaerobic contact process, is a type of anaerobic digester
*Anaerobic digestion, (AD) is the harnessed and contained, naturally occurring process of anaerobic decomposition
*Anaerobic environment, an aquatic environment with little available oxygen - see Hypoxia (environmental)
*Anaerobic exercise, a form of exercise
*Anaerobic filter
*Anaerobic glycolysis, the conversion from sugar to alcohol using yeast - see Fermentation (biochemistry)
*Anaerobic lagoon, used to dispose of animal waste, particularly that of cows and pigs
*Anaerobic organism, any organism that does not require oxygen for growth
*Anaerobic respiration, oxidation of molecules in the absence of oxygen monoxide
*Anaerobic ammonium oxidation, anammox, the microbial process combining ammonium and nitrite.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anaerobic — An*a [ e]*rob ic, a. [Pref. an not + a[ e]robic.] 1. (Biol.) Not requiring air or oxygen for life; applied especially to those microbes to which free oxygen is unnecessary; ana[ e]robiotic; opposed to {a[ e]robic}. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • anaerobic — (adj.) capable of living without oxygen, 1879 (as anaerobian; modern form first attested 1884), from Fr. anaérobie, coined 1863 by French bacteriologist Louis Pasteur (1822 1895), from Gk. an without (see AN (Cf. an ) (1)) + aer air (see AIR (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • anaerobic — ► ADJECTIVE Biology ▪ not using oxygen from the air. DERIVATIVES anaerobically adverb …   English terms dictionary

  • anaerobic — [an΄ər ō′bik] adj. 1. of or produced by anaerobes 2. able to live and grow where there is no air or free oxygen, as certain bacteria 3. designating or of exercise, as weight lifting, that increases strength, promotes weight loss, etc., but does… …   English World dictionary

  • anaerobic — Relating to an anaerobe; living without oxygen. * * * an·aer·o·bic .an ə rō bik; .an .a( ə)r ō , .e( ə)r adj 1 a) living, active, or occurring in the absence of free oxygen <during heavy exercise anaerobic respiration occurs, pyruvic acid acts …   Medical dictionary

  • anaerobic — [[t]æneəro͟ʊbɪk[/t]] 1) ADJ Anaerobic creatures or processes do not need oxygen in order to function or survive. Anaerobic respiration occurs only in particularly active tissues such as muscles during severe exercise. 2) ADJ Anaerobic exercise is …   English dictionary

  • anaerobic — adjective Date: circa 1881 1. a. living, active, occurring, or existing in the absence of free oxygen < anaerobic respiration > < anaerobic bacteria > b. of, relating to, or being activity in which the body incurs an oxygen debt < anaerobic… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • anaerobic — an|aer|o|bic [ ,ænə roubık ] adjective SCIENCE living or happening without oxygen from the air: anaerobic bacteria anaerobic respiration …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • anaerobic — adjective 1. living or active in the absence of free oxygen (Freq. 1) anaerobic bacteria • Syn: ↑anaerobiotic • Ant: ↑aerobic • Derivationally related forms: ↑anaerobe ( …   Useful english dictionary

  • anaerobic — adj. 1) of or relating to anaerobes. 2) describing a type of cellular respiration in which foodstuffs (usually carbohydrates) are never completely oxidized because molecular oxygen is not used. Fermentation is an example of anaerobic respiration …   The new mediacal dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”