False potato beetle

False potato beetle

name = False potato beetle

image_width = 240px
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Arthropoda
classis = Insecta
ordo = Coleoptera
familia = Chrysomelidae
genus = "Leptinotarsa"
species = "L. juncta"
binomial = "Leptinotarsa juncta"
binomial_authority = Germar, 1824 [ITIS|ID=720113|taxon="Leptinotarsa juncta"]
The false potato beetle (sometimes "horsenettle beetle"), "Leptinotarsa juncta", is a beetle found primarily in the Mid-Atlantic and southeastern regions of the United States. Adult beetles emerge from the soil in the late spring or early summer and begin breeding, and a population may go through one to three generations in a summer.

The false potato beetle feeds on solanaceous weeds, such as horsenettle, "Solanum carolinense". It also feeds on other solanaceous plants, such as species of ground cherry or husk tomato, "Physalis" spp., and bittersweet, "Solanum dulcamara", but no growth and reproduction occurs when feeding on the potato, "Solanum tuberosum".

"L. juncta" can be easily confused with its close cousin the Colorado potato beetle, "Leptinotarsa decemlineata". While the adult false potato beetle has alternating black and white strips on its back, just like the Colorado potato beetle, one of the white strips in the center of each wing cover is missing and replaced by a light brown strip. The eggs are slightly larger and fewer are found in a cluster. The hump-backed larva is similar, but with only one row of dark spots on each side.

The two species, "L. juncta" and "L. decemlineata", can be found on the same solanaceous host plants but are apparently incapable of crossbreeding. Of the two, only the Colorado potato beetle is a serious pest.


External Links

* [http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/veg/leaf/potato_beetles.htm potato beetles, "Leptinotarsa" spp.] on the UF / IFAS Featured Creatures Web site

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