San Ignacio Miní

San Ignacio Miní

Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria la Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil)


State Party = ARG and BRA
Type = Cultural
Criteria = iv
ID = 275-291
Region = Latin America and the Caribbean
Year = 1983
Session = 7th
Extension = 1984
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/275

San Ignacio Miní was one of the many missions founded in 1632 by the Jesuits in the Americas during the Spanish colonial period near present-day San Ignacio valley, some 60km south of Posadas, Misiones Province, Argentina.

The original mission was erected near the year 1610 by priests José Cataldino and Simón Maceta in the region called Guayrá by the natives and "La Pinería" by the Spanish conquistadores in present Paraná State, Brazil. Because of the constant attacks of the Portuguese Bandeirantes, the mission first moved in 1632, and didn't settle in its current location until 1696, and was called San Ignacio Miní ("minor" in Guaraní) to distinguish it from its bigger homonym San Ignacio Guazú ("great").

In the 18th century the mission had a population of around 3000 people, and a rich cultural and handicraft activity, which was commercialized through the nearby Paraná River. Nevertheless, after the Suppression of the Society of Jesus of 1767, the Jesuits left the mission a year later, and the mission finally destroyed in 1817, as well as other missions in the area.

The ruins are one of the best preserved among the several build in a territory today belonging to Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay, and one of the most visited due to its accessibility. Lost in dense vegetation, the remains of the "Guaraní baroque" stile constructions were found in 1897, and gained the interest of the population after the 1903 expedition by poet Leopoldo Lugones, but its restoration didn't begin until 1940.

The main square was surrounded by the church, a cabildo, a cemetery, a monastery and some houses. The magnificent church with 74 metres length and 24 metres width was designed by Italian priest Juan Brasanelli, and build using the local red sandstone. The width of the walls are around 2 metres, what in spite of the fragile material let the constructions remain standing after over two centuries.

In 1984 the ruins were declared as World Heritage Site by UNESCO, and currently hold the "Museo Jesuítico de San Ignacio Miní" museum.Other Jesuit missions' ruins in the Misiones Province are "Reducción de Santa Ana", "Santa María La Mayor", and "Nuestra Señora de Loreto".

ee also

* Architecture of Argentina
* Jesuit Reductions
* São Miguel das Missões

References

* [http://www.lanacion.com.ar/nota.asp?nota_id=206294 La imborrable huella evangelizadora] La Nación es
* [http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/275/documents/ UNESCO's World Heritage] en/fr

External links

* [http://gosouthamerica.about.com/od/history/a/JesuitMissions.htm Jesuit Missions in South America]
* [http://www.oni.escuelas.edu.ar/olimpi99/interolimpicos/camino-evangelizador/rui_saig.htm San Ignacion Ruins] es
* [http://www.turismo.misiones.gov.ar/ Misiones' Turist office] es


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • San Ignacio Miní — San Ignacio Minị́   [ iɣ nasjo ], Fremdenverkehrsort in der Provinz Misiones, Nordostargentinien, 80 m über dem Meeresspiegel, nahe Posadas. Kleine, einräumige Steinhäuser, deren Außenwände noch stehen. Von der Kirche (um 1724) blieben Teile der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • San Ignacio Miní — Misiones Jesuíticas Guaraníes: San Ignacio Miní, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto y Santa María la Mayor (Argentina), Ruinas de São Miguel das Missões (Brasil) …   Wikipedia Español

  • San Ignacio Miní — Missions jésuites des Guaranis : San Ignacio Miní, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto et Santa Maria Mayor (Argentine), ruines de Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brésil) * …   Wikipédia en Français

  • San Ignacio Miní — Las ruinas de la reducción de San Ignacio Miní, una misión jesuítica fundada a comienzos del siglo XVII para evangelizar a los nativos guaraníes, se encuentran en la actual localidad de San Ignacio, en la provincia de Misiones (Argentina),… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • San Ignacio Mini — Ruinen von San Ignacio Mini Die ehemalige Jesuitenreduktion von San Ignacio Miní liegt 63 Kilometer nord östlich von Posadas in Argentinien. Im Jahr 1610 kamen die ersten Jesuiten in dieses Gebiet gegründet wurde die Mission dann im Jahr 1696, um …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • San Ignacio Miní — Ruinen von San Ignacio Mini Die ehemalige Jesuitenreduktion von San Ignacio Miní liegt 63 Kilometer nord östlich von Posadas in Argentinien. Im Jahr 1610 kamen die ersten Jesuiten in dieses Gebiet gegründet wurde die Mission dann im Jahr 1696, um …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • San Ignacio Mini — Sp Sán Ignãsio Minis Ap San Ignacio Mini L Argentina (Misjoneso p ja); PPP …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • San Ignacio (Misiones) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda San Ignacio Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • San Ignacio (Municipio) — San Ignacio übersetzt „Heiliger Ignaz“ ist der Name folgender Orte/Regionen: San Ignacio (Belize), Provinz Cayo, Belize San Ignacio de Choix, Ort in Sinaloa, Mexiko San Ignacio de Moxos, Ort in der Provinz Moxos, Bolivien San Ignacio de Moxos… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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