Catholic Relief Act 1829

Catholic Relief Act 1829

The Catholic Relief Act 1829 (10 Geo IV c.7) was passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom on 24 March 1829, and received the Royal Assent on 13 April. It was the culmination of the process of Catholic Emancipation in the United Kingdom, and in Ireland it repealed the last of the Penal Laws. Its passage followed a campaign on the issue by Irish lawyer and newly elected Member of Parliament Daniel O'Connell, as well as support from the Whigs and liberal Tories.

The act allowed Catholics to have a seat in parliament. This condition was crucial as Daniel O'Connell had won a seat in a by-election in County Clare but under British law he was forbidden (because of his religion) to take his seat in Westminster. Sir Robert Peel, the Home Secretary, who had for all of his career opposed emancipation (and had, in 1815, challenged O'Connell to a duel) was forced to conclude: "though emancipation was a great danger, civil strife was a greater danger." Fearing a revolution in Ireland, Peel drew up the Catholic Relief Bill and guided it through the House of Commons. To overcome the opposition of both the House of Lords and King George IV, the Duke of Wellington worked to ensure passage in the House of Lords, and threatened to resign as Prime Minister if the King did not give Royal Assent.

The Catholic Relief Act was a compromise, however, and effectively disenfranchised the Catholic peasants of Ireland, the so-called Forty Shilling Freeholders. The act raised fivefold the economic qualifications for voting. Starting in 1793, any man renting or owning land worth at least forty shillings (the equivalent of two Pounds Sterling), had been permitted to vote. Under the Catholic Relief Act, this was raised to ten pounds.Fact|date=February 2007

See also

* Ultra-Tories

External links

* [ The text of the act]
* [ History of emancipation]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Roman Catholic Relief Bills — were attempted steps of legislation in the United Kingdom towards Catholic Emancipation. They sought to remove the legal tests and disabilities imposed on British and Irish Catholics, brought about by Henry VIII s state Protestant Reformation,… …   Wikipedia

  • Catholic Emancipation — ( ga. Fuascailt na gCaitliceach), or Catholic Relief, was a process in Great Britain and Ireland in the late 18th century and early 19th century which involved reducing and removing many of the restrictions on Roman Catholics which had been… …   Wikipedia

  • 1829 in the United Kingdom — Events from the year 1829 in the United Kingdom.Incumbents*Monarch George IV of the United Kingdom *Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, ToryEvents* 8 January Hanging of body selling murderer William Burke. His associate… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Relief Bill — • Sections on England and Ireland Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Roman Catholic Relief Bill     Roman Catholic Relief Bill      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • 1829 — Années : 1826 1827 1828  1829  1830 1831 1832 Décennies : 1790 1800 1810  1820  1830 1840 1850 Siècles : XVIIIe siècle  XIXe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1829 — Portal Geschichte | Portal Biografien | Aktuelle Ereignisse | Jahreskalender ◄ | 18. Jahrhundert | 19. Jahrhundert | 20. Jahrhundert | ► ◄ | 1790er | 1800er | 1810er | 1820er | 1830er | 1840er | 1850er | ► ◄◄ | ◄ | 1825 | 1826 | 1827 | 18 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reform Act 1832 — First page of the Reform Act 1832 This painting by …   Wikipedia

  • Test Act — The Test Acts were a series of English penal laws that served as a religious test for public office and imposed various civil disabilities on Roman Catholics and Nonconformists. The principle that none but persons professing the Established… …   Wikipedia

  • Crown of Ireland Act 1542 — Documents relevant to personal and legislative unions of the Countries of the United Kingdom Treaty of Perth (1266) Statute of Rhuddlan 1284 Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542 Crown of Ireland Act 1542 Union of the Crowns Treaty of Union 1706 Acts of… …   Wikipedia

  • Irish Church Act 1869 — The Irish Church Act 1869 Parliament of the United Kingdom Long title An Act to put an end to the Establishment of the Church of Ireland, and to make provision in respect of the Temporalities thereof, and in respect of the Royal College of… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”