Lake Zavoj

Lake Zavoj

Infobox lake
lake_name = Lake Zavoj
Zavojsko jezero
image_lake =
caption_lake =
image_bathymetry =
caption_bathymetry =
location = Pirot District, Serbia
coords = coord|43|16|N|22|38|E|type:waterbody_region:RS-22|display=inline,title
type = hydroelectric reservoir
inflow = Visočica
outflow = Visočica
catchment = 584 km²
basin_countries = Serbia, Bulgaria
length = 16.35 km
width =
area = 5.53 km²
depth =
max-depth = 60 m
volume = 170 million m³
residence_time =
shore = 40 km
elevation = 612 m
islands = "none"
cities = Novi Zavoj, Velika Lukanja, Pakleštica

Lake Zavoj (Serbian Cyrillic: Завојско језеро, Latin: "Zavojsko jezero") is an artificial lake in eastern Serbia, on the Visočica river. It was created in 1963 after a major landslide which dammed the river and the natural dam was later replaced with a hydroelectric dam "Zavoj".

Location

Lake Zavoj is located in eastern Serbia, in the northern part of the Visok region, close to the Serbian-Bulgarian border. Lake in the valley of the Visočica river which is both its major tributary and outflow, between the mountains of Stara Planina on the north and Vidlič on the south. Lake is located 16 kilometers north of the town of Pirot, close to the Visočica mouth into the Temštica river and is not well connected with the rest of Serbia. Settlements in the vicinity of the lake, which is among the least populated in the entire Serbia, include Novi Zavoj, Velika Lukanja and Pakleštica.

History

On February 25, 1963 cite book |author=Dr Stevan M. Stanković |date=1991 |title=Jezera sveta |publisher=Stručna knjiga |location=Belgrade|isbn=86-419-0074-8|language=Serbo-Croatian] a huge landslide from the sunny side of the Stara Planina rushed into the valley of the Visočica river and dammed a river creating a natural earth dam which was 500 meters long and 50 meters high. Reservoir was created behind the dam, flooding the village of Zavoj. This original natural lake was dried, the natural dam was consolidated and the artificial lake was recreated, this time as a reservoir for the hydroelectric power plant "Zavoj". The village of Novi Zavoj was built on the higher ground instead of the flooded old village of Zavoj. [cite book |author=Jovan Đ. Marković |date=1990 |title=Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije |publisher=Svjetlost |location=Sarajevo|isbn=8601026516|language=Serbo-Croatian]

Immediately after the dam was finished, Serbian government began a project of conducting waters from Temštica's upper course ("Toplodolska reka") into the lake. Project was continued in the early 2000s but the local population in the watershed of Temštica protested claiming that over 80% of the water was already taken out of their river and that further catchment of the water from it woul result in an ecological catastrophy, especially in the canyon of Temštica popularly called "Little Colorado". As a result of this, municipality of Pirot officially opposed the government's decision in 2004 and 2006, but the government insisted on continuing the project. In protest, population of the village of Temska boycotted the Serbian parliamentary elections in January 2007. [Citation | last = | first = | author-link = | title = Toplodolska reka-bogatstvo za potomstvo | newspaper = Politika | pages = | language = Serbian | year = 2007 | date = 2007-07-05 | url = ]

Paleontological site

The site, located at an altitude of 700-750 meters, has been discovered in 2004 and the preliminary research began in 2005 with the help of German paleobiologists from Freiburg. In the Upper Triassic, 230 to 200 million years ago, the area was a shallow, ending part of the large tropical sea, the Tethys Ocean. The mud and sediments petrified in the form of plates which are rich in remains of mollusc shells (which have been found on the slopes of the Stara Planina as high as over 1.440 meters] , sea worms, snails and other marine animals (sea crocodiles, sharks, giant molluscs) with indications that fossils of the dinosaurs can be found also. In some sections, Triassic sediments are over 7 meters deep. Citation | last = | first = | author-link = BETA agency | title = Na mestu Zavojskog jezera bilo tropsko more | newspaper = Politika | pages = 10 | language = Serbian | year = 2008 | date = 2008-06-15 | url = ] [Sr icon Cite web |url= http://www.b92.net/zivot/nauka.php?nav_id=304978 |title= Obale Zavojskoj jezera iz trijasa |date=2008-06-23 |author=Pavle Premović |accessdate=2008-07-27 |work= [http://www.b92.net B92] ]

See also

* List of lakes in Serbia
* Visočica

External links

* [http://www.panoramio.com/photo/1752818 Photos of Lake Zavoj]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Temštica — The Temštica (Serbian Cyrillic: Темштица) is a river in Serbia, a right tributary of the Nišava river. The Temštica itself is not very long, but receives a much longer tributary, the Visočica (flowing from Bulgaria), making the Visočica Temštica… …   Wikipedia

  • Visok — articleissues unreferenced=September 2008 cleanup=September 2008Visok is a region in Serbia that lies between the main ranges of the Old Mountain and Vidlic Mountain. It is 35 km far away from Pirot, and about 350 km from Belgrade. Climate… …   Wikipedia

  • Mica Zivkovich — Zivkovich with his camera that he used to document seminal moments in Yugoslav history Mica (Milan) Zivkovic (1917–1990) was a Serbian photojournalist and documentary filmmaker whose 500 newsreels documented everything from seminal historical… …   Wikipedia

  • Ohrid Municipality — Општина Охрид   Urban municipality   …   Wikipedia

  • Ohrid — For the village in Montana Province, Bulgaria, see Ohrid, Bulgaria. Coordinates: 41°07′01″N 20°48′06″E / 41.11694°N 20.80167°E / 41.116 …   Wikipedia

  • National Liberation War of Macedonia — For other uses of terms redirecting here, see Macedonian struggle. National Liberation War of Macedonia Part of the Yugoslav Front of World War II …   Wikipedia

  • Lacs de Serbie — Liste de lacs en Serbie Cette page propose une liste de lacs de Serbie. Lac Superficie (km²) Altitude (m) Profondeur (m) Type Caractéristiques 1. Đerdap[1] 253 70 92 artificiel réservoir hydroélectrique (Danube) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste De Lacs En Serbie — Cette page propose une liste de lacs de Serbie. Lac Superficie (km²) Altitude (m) Profondeur (m) Type Caractéristiques 1. Đerdap[1] 253 70 92 artificiel réservoir hydroélectrique (Danube) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste de lacs en Serbie — Cette page propose une liste de lacs de Serbie. Cette liste est incomplète ou mal ordonnée. Votre aide est la bienvenue ! Lac Superficie (km²) Altitude (m) Profondeur (m) Type Caractéristiques 1. Đerdap[1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste de lacs en serbie — Cette page propose une liste de lacs de Serbie. Lac Superficie (km²) Altitude (m) Profondeur (m) Type Caractéristiques 1. Đerdap[1] 253 70 92 artificiel réservoir hydroélectrique (Danube) …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”