Simon Foucher

Simon Foucher

Simon Foucher (1 March 1644 - 27 April 1696) was a French polemicCite book |last= Taleb |first= Nassim Nicholas |authorlink= Nassim Nicholas Taleb |title= |chapter= The Ludic Fallacy, or The Uncertainty of the Nerd |publisher= Random House |isbn= 978-1400063512 |pages= 129 |year= 2007 |accessdate= 2008-04-20] philosopher born in Dijon. He was the son of a merchant, and appears to have taken orders at a very early age. For some years he held the position of honorary canon at Dijon, but he resigned in order to take up his residence in Paris. He graduated at the Sorbonne, having studied theology, and spent the remainder of his life in literary work in Paris, where he died. In his day Foucher enjoyed considerable reputation as a keen opponent of Malebranche and Leibniz. His philosophical standpoint was one of Academic skepticism: he did not agree with dogmatism, but didn't resort to Pyrrhonism, either.

He revived the old arguments of the Academy, and advanced them with much ingenuity against Malebranche's doctrine. Otherwise his skepticism is subordinate to orthodox belief, the fundamental dogmas of the church seeming to him intuitively evident. His object was to reconcile his religious with his philosophical creed, and to remain a Christian without ceasing to be an academician.

In his 1673 publication, "Dissertation on the Search for Truth", he brought to light people's psychological predilection for certainties. He wrote about the art of doubting—about positioning oneself between doubting and believing. He wrote, "One needs to exit doubt in order to produce science—but few people heed the importance of not exiting from it prematurely....It is a fact that one usually exits doubt without realizing it." He wrote further, "We are dogma-prone from our mother's wombs."

Principal works

* "Dissertation sur la recherche de la vérité, ou sur la philosophie académique" (1673) (A presentation of the principles of academic scepticism) (Dissertation on the Search for Truth)
* "Critique de la Recherche de la vérité" (1675) (A critique of Malebranche's work)
*"Dissertations sur la recherche de la vérité, contenant l'histoire et les principes de la philosophie des acedemiciens. Avec plusieurs réflexions sur les sentimens de M. Descartes" (1693) (A collection of his writings against Malebranche)

References


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  • Simon Foucher — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Foucher. Simon Foucher (1er mars 1644, Dijon 27 avril 1696, Paris), abbé, chanoine de Dijon, philosophe français. Il était lié avec les savants et les philosophes les plus distingués de son temps: Gilles… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Foucher — is a surname, and may refer to:* Alfred A. Foucher * André Foucher * Louis Charles Foucher * Simon Foucheree also* Fouché …   Wikipedia

  • Foucher — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour l’article homophone, voir Fouché. Patronyme Foucher est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Simon Foucher (1644 1696), philosophe… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Simón Sarlat Nova — Gobernador Interino de Tabasco 1 de diciembre de 1873 – 1 de abril de 1874 Predecesor …   Wikipedia Español

  • Foucher — Foucher, Simon …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Foucher, Simon — ▪ French philosopher born March 1, 1644, Dijon, Fr. died April 27, 1696, Paris       ecclesiastic and critical philosopher of the Cartesian school, the first to publish criticisms of the philosophical theories of Nicolas Malebranche. In Critique… …   Universalium

  • Foucher, Simon — (1644–1696) French critic of Cartesianism . Born in Dijon, Foucher was educated at the Sorbonne, and became a canon of the Cathedral of Dijon, although he spent his life in Paris. He was a friend of Leibniz, whose responses to Foucher s questions …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Фуше Симон — (Foucher, 1644 1696) французский философ, был каноником в Дижоне, потом переселился в Париж, где сблизился с выдающимися учеными того времени. Ф. сначала примкнул к учению Декарта, но затем, восприняв лишь метод Декарта, пытался реставрировать… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • Фуше, Симон — (Foucher, 1644 1696) французский философ, был каноником в Дижоне, потом переселился в Париж, где сблизился с выдающимися учеными того времени. Ф. сначала примкнул к учению Декарта, но затем, восприняв лишь метод Декарта, пытался реставрировать… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • Renaissance philosophy outside Italy — Stuart Brown Italy might justly be described as the home of Renaissance philosophy. Many of the important cultural developments of the period originated in Italy and only gradually spread north and west to other countries. But each of the other… …   History of philosophy

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