Cynanchum laeve

Cynanchum laeve
Cynanchum laeve
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Genus: Cynanchum
Species: C. laeve
Binomial name
Cynanchum laeve
(Michx.) Pers.
A botanical illustration of C. laeve

Cynanchum laeve (syn. Ampelamus albidus) is a vining perennial herb native to eastern and central U.S. states and Ontario. Common names include honeyvine, honeyvine milkweed, bluevine milkweed, climbing milkweed, and smooth swallow-wort.

Like bindweed and some other members of the Convolvulaceae, Cynanchum laeve is a twining vine with heart-shaped leaves common in roadsides, fence rows, fields, and disturbed areas. However, C. laeve is easily recognized as a member of the Milkweed family by its opposite leave placement, milky sap and distinctive flowers and "milkweed pods." The seeds are wind dispersed and can travel long distances.[1]

Cynanchum laeve is considered a noxious weed in several states,[2] and can be very difficult to eradicate from fields because of its deep, extensive root system.[3] Like many other milkweed species, C. laeve contains toxic cardenolide alkaloids,[4] and is a food plant for the caterpillars of Monarch butterflies.[5]

References

  1. ^ Kansas Wildflowers and Grasses: Honeyvine Milkweed
  2. ^ USDA, NRCS. 2011. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CYLA, 19 June 2011). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.
  3. ^ Kansas Wildflowers and Grasses: Honeyvine Milkweed
  4. ^ Burrows, G. E.; Tyrl, R. J., 2001. "Toxic plants of North America." Iowa State Univ Press, Ames. As referenced in the FDA Poisonous Plant Database
  5. ^ Kansas Native Plants: Butterfly Gardening

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cynanchum laeve — ID 24304 Symbol Key CYLA Common Name honeyvine Family Asclepiadaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AR, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NE, NY,… …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Cynanchum laeve (Michx.) Pers. — Symbol CYLA Common Name honeyvine Botanical Family Asclepiadaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Cynanchum laeve (Michx.) Pers. — Symbol CYLA Common Name honeyvine Botanical Family Asclepiadaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Cynanchum — In the foreground, Cynanchum aphyllum Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae …   Wikipedia

  • Cynanchum —   Cynanchum Cynanchum aphyllum …   Wikipedia Español

  • Flora of Ohio — This list includes plants native and introduced to the state of Ohio, designated (N) and (I), respectively. Varieties and subspecies link to their parent species. A * Abies balsamea var. balsamea (N) * Abutilon theophrasti (I) * Acalypha deamii… …   Wikipedia

  • anglepod — ☆ anglepod [aŋ′gəl päd΄ ] n. any of a genus (Cynanchum) of the milkweed family; esp., a vine ( C. laeve) of the SE U.S., bearing angular pods …   English World dictionary

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