Antonio Scarpa

Antonio Scarpa

Antonio Scarpa (May 9, 1752 – October 31, 1832) was an Italian anatomist and professor.


Antonio was born to an impoverished family in the village ofMotta (Lorenzaga di Motta di Livenza), to the south of Tyrol. An uncle, who was a member of the priesthood, gave him instruction until the age of 15, when he passed the entrance exam for the University of Padua.cite book
first=Ira M. | last=Rutkow | year=1988
title=Great Ideas in the History of Surgery
publisher=Norman Publishing | isbn=0930405021
] He was a pupil of Giovanni Battista Morgagni and Marc Antonio Caldani. Under the former, he became doctor of medicine on May 19, 1770; in 1772 he became professor at the University of Modena.

For a time he chose to travel, visiting Holland, France and England. When he returned to Italy, he was made professor of anatomy at the University of Padua, with the strong recommendation of Emperor Joseph II. He was elected to the chair at Padua in 1783, and remained in that post until 1804 when he stepped down to allow his student, Santo Fattori, to assume the chair.cite journal
first=Benjamin Ward | last=Richardson
title=Antonio Scarpa, F.R.S., and Surgical Anatomy
journal=The Asclepiad | year=1886 | volume=4
issue=16 | pages=128–157

In 1805, Napoleon was made King of Italy. He choose to visit the University of Pavia upon which he inquired as to the whereabouts of Dr. Scarpa. He was informed that the doctor had been dismissed because of his political opinions and his refusal to take oaths. Whereupon Dr. Scarpa was restored to his position as the chair. [cite journal
author=Staff | title=Miscellaneous Literary Notes
journal=The Foreign Quarterly Review
year=1833 | volume=11 | pages=252

During his lifetime he became a rich man, acquiring a collection of valuable paintings and living a wealthy lifestyle. He was a confirmed bachelor, and fathered several sons out of wedlock (whom he favored through nepotism). In his career he earned a reputation for ruthlessness, destroying his enemies and taxing his favorites to their limits. Toward the end of his life, Antonio Scarpa suffered from a stone in his urinary system. This caused an inflammation of his bladder, which resulted in his death. He died in Pavia, October 30,1832. [cite book
author=Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge
year=1841 | title=Penny Cyclopaedia, vol. 21 | pages=16
publisher=C. Knight | location=London
] After his death his reputation was bitterly attacked, and even marble stones erected in his memory were defaced.


Dr. Scarpa published a number of medical treatises that were widely respected.

*"De structura fenestrae rotundae auris et de tympano secundario, anatomicae observationes", his first published work, focused on the structure of the inner ear. It was printed in 1772, shortly after he joined the University of Modena.cite book
first=Anthony F. | last=Jahn
coauthors=Santos-Sacchi, Joseph
year=2001 | title=Physiology of the Ear
publisher=Thomson Delmar Learning

* In 1789 he published "Anatomicæ disquisitiones de auditu et olfactu", a study of the hearing and olfactory organs, which was soon considered a classical treatise on the subject.

* He published "Tabulae neurologicae" [Full title: "Tabulae nevrologicae ad illustrandam historiam cardiacorum nervorum, noni nervorum cerebri, glossopharingei et pharingei".] in 1794, which was the first work to give an accurate depiction of the Heart's nerves and to show cardiac innervation. It is considered to be his finest work. Apparently Dr. Scarpa locked the engraver in his room until the illustrations were finished. [cite book
first=Louis J. | last=Acierno | year=1994
title=The History of Cardiology: Men, Ideas and
publisher=Informa Health Care
] This work included his discoery that the inner ear was filled with fluid. (This was later named Scarpa's fluid, and subsequently endolymph.)

* "Commentarius de Penitiori Ossium Structura", 1799, described the cellular structure of bone, along with notes on growth and diseases of bone.

* His 1801 work, "Saggio di osservazioni e d’esperienze sulle principali malattie degli occhi" (A Treatise on the Principal Diseases of the Eyes) described and illustrated the major eye diseases. It was the first ophthalmology text published in Italian, but was subsequently published in several languages and earned him the title of "father of Italian ophthalmology". [cite book
first=Anton | last=Sebastian | year=1999
title=A Dictionary of the History of Medicine
publisher=Informa Health Care

* "Riflessioni ed Osservazione anatomico-chirugiche sull' Aneurisma", 1804, is a classical work on Aneurisms.

* "Sull' ernie memorie anatomico-chirurgiche" in 1809 was a treatise on hearnia. The supplement work, "Sull' ernie del perineo" the first ever discussion of the perineal hearnia.cite book
first=Benjamin Ward | last=Richardson
year=1886 | title=The Asclepiad
] "Traité pratique des hernie, ou, Mémoires anatomiques et chirurgicaux sur ces maladies" in 1812, was an authoritative work on the hernia. Both Scarpa's fascia and Scarpa's triangle were derived from these works.


* Scarpa's fascia
* Scarpa's fluid
* Scarpa's foramina
* Scarpa's ganglion
* Scarpa's hiatus
* Scarpa's membrane
* Scarpa's sheath
* Scarpa's shoe
* Scarpa's staphyloma
* Scarpa's triangle


External links

* [ Extensive biography]

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Antonio Scarpa — (9 mai 1752 – 31 octobre 1832) est un chirurgien et anatomiste italien. Biographie Né à Motta di Livenza en Vénétie, Antonio Scarpa étudie à l université de Padoue sous la direction de Jean Baptiste Morgagni et devient en 1772 professeur à l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Antonio Scarpa — Scarpa, Antonio Cirujano y anatomista italiano nacido en 1747. Fue asistente de Morgagni y a él se le debe la descripción detallada de multitud de regiones anatómicas y el estudio de la anatomía, la etiología y la clínica de las principales… …   Diccionario médico

  • Scarpa — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Antonio Scarpa (1752–1832), italienischer Anatom Carlo Scarpa (1906–1978), italienischer Architekt Tobia Scarpa (* 1935), italienischer Architekt Afra Bianchin Scarpa (* 1937), italienische Architektin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Scarpa, Antonio — Cirujano y anatomista italiano nacido en 1747. Fue asistente de Morgagni y a él se le debe la descripción detallada de multitud de regiones anatómicas y el estudio de la anatomía, la etiología y la clínica de las principales hernias; todas ellas… …   Diccionario médico

  • Scarpa-Dreieck — Als Schenkeldreieck (lat. Trigonum femorale, Scarpa Dreieck nach Antonio Scarpa) bezeichnet man ein dreieckiges Gebiet an der Innenseite des Oberschenkels unmittelbar unterhalb der Leistenbeuge. Im Schenkeldreieck verlaufen unmittelbar unter Haut …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Scarpa —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes partageant un même patronyme italien. Scarpa est un nom de famille d origine italienne notamment porté par : Antonio Scarpa (1752–1832), chirurgien et anatomiste italien ; Triangle… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Scarpa's ganglion — Infobox Nerve Name = PAGENAME Latin = ganglion vestibulare GraySubject = 203 GrayPage = 906 Caption = Caption2 = Innervates = BranchFrom = BranchTo = MeshName = MeshNumber = DorlandsPre = g 02 DorlandsSuf = 12385160 The vestibular ganglion (also… …   Wikipedia

  • scarpa's triangle — noun also scarpa s trigone Usage: usually capitalized S Etymology: after Antonio Scarpa : an area in the upper anterior part of the thigh bounded by Poupart s ligament, the sartorius, and the adductor longus …   Useful english dictionary

  • Scarpa fascia etc. — Scar·pa fascia, etc. (skahrґpah) [Antonio Scarpa, Italian anatomist and surgeon, 1747–1832] see under fascia and foramen; see posterior staphyloma under staphyloma; and see cornu superius marginis falciformis, ganglion vestibulare, membrana… …   Medical dictionary

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