- Heworth, York
Heworth is part of the
City of York, England, about a mile north-east of the centre. It is sometimes referred to as Heworth Village. The name "Heworth" is Anglo-Saxon and means a "high enclosure".
Location and demographics
The area ranges from terraced houses along East Parade towards
Layerthorpe, via large Victorian Villas (the Heworth Green Villas) on Heworth Green to older houses along Heworth Village and the 1830’s Elmfield Villa, home to Elmfield College, and 1930s semi-detached houses on Stockton Lane.
Much modern suburban development has taken place, particularly in the outlying area of
Heworth Without. The area is split into two wards for the purposes of local elections -- Heworth (including all land within the old city boundary) and Heworth Without (outside the old city boundary). Heworth Holme is a popular open space near Heworth Village. [cite news|url=http://www.thisisyork.co.uk/display.var.836403.0.0.php|publisher=ThisIsYork.co.uk|title=Shades of green|date= 23 July 2007]
In recent years there has been an increasing tendency for
estate agentsto describe properties in the less desirable areas of Layerthorpe, Burnholmeand Tang Hallas being in the more desirable Heworth causing some confusion about the extent of the area.Fact|date=February 2007
Very little is known about the
prehistorichistory of the Heworth area, some researchers believe the area was largely boggy land. [cite book
first = Avril E. Webster | last = Appleton
title = Looking Back at Heworth — a York Suburb
year = 1999
id = ISBN 0-9536257-0-2 ] The village is of Roman origin and two Roman cremation
cemeterieshave been found in the area. Heworth Green, the road from York city centre to the village, is on the site of a Roman road.
During the early
Medievalperiod, contemporary burials took place in a similar area to the Roman ones; this was during the 5th and 6th centuries. However, evidence for settlement in Heworth during this period of time still remains minimal.
The village appears as "Heworde" in the
Domesday Book, and as "Hewud" in 1219. [Ekwall|237]
Battle of Heworth Moor
24 August 1454, a skirmish took place and was the first meeting of the two families involved in the Percy-Neville feud, the feud which eventually helped provoke the Wars of the Roses.cite news|url=http://uk.geocities.com/jakdoor/heworth/heworth.htm|publisher=Heworth History|title=Battle of Heworth|date= 23 July 2007] Historical analysts have described an attack on the Neville family's wedding party by Lord Egremont; numerous contemporaries regard it as the very first military action of the Wars of the Roses.
The Neville family was returning to
Sheriff Huttoncastle following a wedding between Sir Thomas Nevilleand Maud Stanhope. Stanhope was the heiress and niece of Ralph de Cromwell. Cromwell had previously confiscated Percy strongholds such as Wressleand Bunwellafter Henry 'Hotspur' Percy's death in 1403; the thought of those properties one day being handed over to the Neville family angered Lord Egremont greatly.
Egremont decided to ambush the Neville family's returning wedding party at Heworth Moor, along with 1,000
retainersfrom York. The Neville family were said to have given a good account of themselves and defended themselves well in the skirmish.
Construction of the Heworth Green Villas on Heworth Road began about 1817. [ [http://www.archaeologicalplanningconsultancy.co.uk/mga/projects/heworth/yhc03.pdf Archaeological investigation of Heworth Croft area] , pp. 1-7] Through the middle of the 19th century, the Lord of the Manor was the Reverend
Robert William Bilton Hornby. The Ordnance Survey map of 1849, shows that Heworth was effectively a square of three parallel streets sandwiched between the then Scarborough Road and East Parade.
On the outskirts of the village near Monk Stray was
Elmfield College, a Primitive Methodist foundation which existed from about 1860 to 1930 when it merged with Ashville Collegein Harrogate. All that is left of the college now is numbers 1 and 9 Straylands Grove, next to Monk Stray, and staff housing along Elmfield Terrace and Willow Grove.
The church of Holy Trinity (architect:
George Fowler Jones) was added in 1869; outlying features included a WesleyanChapel, the manor house, a public house ("The Britannia"), a windmill, several potteries, Heworth Hall and Heworth House. At that time Tang Hallwas just that - a hall situated in parkland; since then it has developed into its own neighbourhood. Heworth became a Conservation Areain 1975
Notable people associated with Heworth
*Mary Ward, an English
Roman Catholicnun who founded the Sisters of Loreto(also known as the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary), moved to the village in 1642 and stayed there until her death.
Barbara Ward, an economist, writer and environmentalist who was interested in the problems of developing countries, was born in the village in 1914 and was awarded the title of Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire later in her life.
Judi Denchwas born in Heworth Green.
Robert William Bilton Hornby, priest, antiquarian and Lord of the Manor of Heworth.
Heworth has some history in the sports of
cricket, football, rugby leagueand others. Heworth's football club were one of the earliest to play in the York area, and featured in the York Football Leaguefrom 1898 onwards. They finished as runners-up of the top level during the 1908-09, 1909-10 and 1911-12 seasons.
Elmpark Way in the village has hosted the
York International 9scompetition since 2002. It is an annual rugby league ninescompetition and in the past has featured clubs from England, Franceand Russia. It has been given a five-star rating by the Rugby League European Federation.
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