Aerophagia

Aerophagia

Infobox_Disease
Name = PAGENAME


Caption =
DiseasesDB =
ICD10 = ICD10|F|45|3|f|40
ICD9 = ICD9|306.4
ICDO =
OMIM =
MedlinePlus =
eMedicineSubj =
eMedicineTopic =
MeshID = D000334

Aerophagia (var. aerophagy) is a condition that occurs when a person swallows too much air, which goes to the stomach. It causes abdominal bloating, frequent belching and may cause pain.

Causes

Aerophagia is associated with chewing gum, smoking, drinking carbonated drinks, eating fast and wearing loose dentures. In people with cervical spinal blockages, inhaling can cause air to enter the esophagus and stomach. [cite journal |author=Krasiuk MM, Kratinov VP|title=The characteristics of aerophagy and its treatment |journal=Likars'ka sprava |volume=7 |pages=114–6
month = July |year=1993 |pmid=8209520
]

Aerophagia is diagnosed in 8.8% of mentally retarded patients.cite journal |author=Loening-Baucke V |title=Aerophagia as cause of gaseous abdominal distention in a toddler |journal=J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. |volume=31 |issue=2 |pages=204–7 |year=2000 |pmid=10941981 |doi=] where the coordination between swallowing and respiration is not well defined.cite journal |author=Perlman AL, Ettema SL, Barkmeier J |title=Respiratory and acoustic signals associated with bolus passage during swallowing |journal=Dysphagia |volume=15 |issue=2 |pages=89–94 |year=2000 |pmid=10758191 |doi=] In one case aerophagia was successfully treated with thorazine, an antipsychotic sometimes used to treat hiccups.cite journal |author=Appleby BS, Rosenberg PB |title=Aerophagia as the initial presenting symptom of a depressed patient |journal=Prim Care Companion J Clin Psychiatry |volume=8 |issue=4 |pages=245–6 |year=2006 |pmid=16964323 |doi=]

Aerophagia is a dangerous side effect of non-invasive ventilation (NIV), commonly used in treatments of respiratory problems and cardiovascular critical care or in surgery when general anaesthetic is required. In the case of aerophagia during NIV, it is normally diagnosed by experienced medical specialists who check on patients intermittently during NIV use. The diagnosis is based on the sound heard by listening through a stethoscope placed outside the abdominal cavity. Using this approach, the problem is sometimes detected later than when it develops, possibly also later than necessary. Belated detection of aerophagia may lead to gastric distension, which in turn, could inflate the diaphragm or cause aspiration of the stomach contents into the lungscite journal |author=RUBEN H, KNUDSEN EJ, CARUGATI G |title=Gastric inflation in relation to airway pressure |journal=Acta Anaesthesiol Scand |volume=5 |issue= |pages=107–14 |year=1961 |pmid=14494855 |doi=] or pneumatic rupture of the oesophagus due to extreme gastric insufflation.cite journal |author=Meyerovitch J, Ben Ami T, Rozenman J, Barzilay Z |title=Pneumatic rupture of the esophagus caused by carbonated drinks |journal=Pediatr Radiol |volume=18 |issue=6 |pages=468–70 |year=1988 |pmid=3186323 |doi=]

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • aerophagia — [er΄ə fā′jē ə, er΄əfā′jə] n. an abnormal, spasmodic swallowing of air: often a symptom of hysteria …   English World dictionary

  • aerophagia — aerophagist /air rof euh jist/, n. /air euh fay jeuh, jee euh/, n. Psychiatry. swallowing of air, sometimes due to nervousness or anxiety. [1900 05; AERO + PHAGIA] * * * …   Universalium

  • aerophagia — noun aerophagy …   Wiktionary

  • aerophagia — aero·pha·gia .ar ō fā j(ē )ə, .er also aer·oph·a·gy .a( ə)r äf ə jē, .e( ə)r n, pl gias also gies the swallowing of air esp. in hysteria * * * aero·pha·gia (ār″o faґjə) [aero + phagia] excessive swallowing of air, usually an… …   Medical dictionary

  • aerophagia — n. abnormal gulping of air (sometimes caused by hysteria or gastric problems) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • aerophagia — aero·pha·gia …   English syllables

  • aerophagia —   n. neurotic habit of swallowing air …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • aerophagia — noun swallowing air (usually followed by belching and discomfort and flatulence) • Hypernyms: ↑swallow, ↑drink, ↑deglutition …   Useful english dictionary

  • aerophagia, aerophagy — An abnormal swallowing of air as seen in crib biting and wind sucking. SYN: pneumophagia. [aero + G. phago, to eat] …   Medical dictionary

  • аэрофагия — (aerophagia; аэро + греч. phagein есть, поглощать) заглатывание избыточного количества воздуха с последующим его отрыгиванием; наблюдается при неправильном приеме пищи (напр., при быстрой еде), при некоторых заболеваниях пищеварительного аппарата …   Большой медицинский словарь

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