Spokane (tribe)

Spokane (tribe)

The Spokane (or Spokan) are a Native American people in the northeastern portion of the U.S. state of Washington. The Spokane Indian Reservation is located in eastern Washington, almost entirely in Stevens County, but includes two very small parcels of land (totaling 1.52 acres) and part of the Spokane River in northeastern Lincoln County. The city of Spokane, Washington takes its name, which literally means "children of the sun" or "Sun People", from them. Their language belongs to the Interior Salishan family. According to Lewis and Clark, in the early 19th century they lived in the vicinity of the Spokane River and numbered around 600. In 1990 there were over 2,000 Spokane in the United States. The 2000 census reported the resident population of the reservation at 2,004 persons, living on a land area of 615.168 km² (237.518 sq mi).


For thousands of years the Spokanes lived near the Spokane River, living by fishing, hunting and gathering.Fact|date=February 2007 The Spokane tribe once sprawled out over three million acres (12,000 km²) of land. The language they spoke is classified as belonging to the Interior Salish group; it is closely related to Okanagan and others in the area.

The Spokane people began to be changed by the outside world starting in the 13th century.Fact|date=February 2007 The Spokanes constructed permanent villages for the winter by the river for fishing and huts in the mountains for gathering. Other Indian people began to influence the Spokanes introducing them to plank houses and horses. The first white men to contact them Spokane were explorers and fur traders. A trading post known as Spokane House was constructed near the confluence of Spokane and Little Spokane Rivers around 1810 . Samuel Johnson, the first missionary to visit the Spokane, arrived in 1836. [ Wynecoop, D. C. (1969). [http://www.wellpinit.wednet.edu/sal-cos/cos_ch02.php "Children of the Sun: A History of the Spokane Indians"] . Ch. 2. Retrieved December 10, 2006.]

As with other tribes, the Spokanes suffered from introduced diseases (including smallpox, syphilis, influenza) and land-grabbing brought by white settlers and exacerbated by lack of legal controls to prevent injustice. By the 1860s homesteaders were driving into the west pushing off the original inhabitants, such as the Spokanes. Some consequences of the movement of the white men were the destruction of the burial grounds and ancient villages, the suppression of original Indian languages and cultures, and the raping of native women. The Spokane Indians, among many other Indians, were given English names. The Spokanes made a number of agreements with the federal governments in the late 1800’s. In 1877 the Lower Spokane relocated to the Spokane reservation which was declared a reservation in 1881. In 1887 the Upper and Middle Spokane agreed to move to the Colville Flathead Reservation.

The territory the Spokanes live on now consists of 154,000 acres (623 km²), of which they possess only ten percent of that territory; the rest is held by the government.

Uranium was discovered on the reservation and mined from an open pit 1956-1962 and 1969-1982, at the Midnite Mine. The remnants may require an expensive cleanup.

Notable members

*Chief Lot and Chief Garry were well-known nineteenth-century tribal leaders.
*Charlene Teters, artist and anti-mascot activist
*The author and filmmaker Sherman Alexie is of Spokane (and Coeur d'Alene) ancestry.
*The indigenous name of the important historical Chief Nicola, "Hwistesmexteqen", who ruled a large portion of the southern part what is now British Columbia but who was of Okanagan origin was from the Spokane language.


*Ruby, R. H., and J. A. Brown (1970). "The Spokan Indians, Children of the Sun".
*Wynecoop, D. C. (1969). [http://www.wellpinit.wednet.edu/sal-cos/cos_toc.php "Children of the Sun: A History of the Spokane Indians"] .
* [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-context=dt&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&-CHECK_SEARCH_RESULTS=N&-CONTEXT=dt&-mt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_P001&-tree_id=4001&-all_geo_types=N&-redoLog=true&-transpose=N&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=label&-geo_id=25000US3940&-search_results=100$10000US530439602001005&-search_results=100$10000US530439602001996&-format=&-fully_or_partially=N&-_lang=en&-show_geoid=Y Spokane Reservation, Washington] United States Census Bureau


External links

* [http://www.spokanetribe.com/ Spokane Tribe of Indians official site]
*CathEncy|wstitle=Spokan Indians

ee also

*Spokane Indians (baseball team)
*Spokane-Coeur d'Alene-Paloos War (the Spokane War)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Spokane people — Spokane Tribal Seal, Spokane Tribe Spokane Tribal Logo[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Spokane (disambiguation) — Spokane may refer to one of the following:*Spokane, Washington **Spokane, Washington neighborhoods *Spokane (tribe) *Spokane, Missouri *City of Spokane Valley, Washington *Spokane County, Washington *Spokane Coeur d Alene Paloos War * Spokane… …   Wikipedia

  • Spokane (Volk) — Die Spokane sind ein nordamerikanischer Indianerstamm der Salish Sprachfamilie. Sie gehören zu den Binnen Salish und lebten auf dem Columbia Plateau, das im Süden in das Große Becken übergeht. Somit werden sie dem Kulturareal des Plateau… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Spokane Indians — MiLB infobox name = Spokane Indians founded = 1983 city = Spokane, Washington misc = uniform class level = Single A (1983 present) past class level= current league = Northwest League (1983 present) conference = division = Eastern Division past… …   Wikipedia

  • Spokane, Washington — Infobox Settlement official name = City of Spokane settlement type = City nickname = The Lilac City motto = Near Nature. Near Perfect. official mammal = image caption = Downtown Spokane as seen from Palisades Park looking east. imagesize = 310px… …   Wikipedia

  • Spokane County, Washington — Infobox U.S. County county = Spokane County state = Washington map size = 225 founded = January 29, 1858 and October 30, 1879 seat = Spokane | area total sq mi =1781 area land sq mi =1764 area water sq mi =17 area percentage = 0.96% census yr =… …   Wikipedia

  • Coeur d'Alene Tribe — The Coeur d Alene are a First Nations/Native American people who lived in villages along the Coeur d Alene, St. Joe, Clark Fork and Spokane Rivers; as well as sites on the shores of Lake Coeur d Alene, Lake Pend Oreille and Hayden Lake, in what… …   Wikipedia

  • Palus (tribe) — ethnic group group=Palus poptime= popplace=flagcountry|United States (Washington) (Oregon) (Idaho) rels= langs=English, Salishan, Sahaptin related=Colville, Sanpoil, Nespelem, Sinixt, Wenatchi, Entiat, Methow, Southern Okanagan, Sinkiuse Columbia …   Wikipedia

  • Sanpoil (tribe) — ethnic group group=Sanpoil poptime= popplace=flagcountry|United StatesUnited States (Washington) rels= Roman Catholic, Indian Religion (including Dreamer Church, Shaker Church among others), Mixed Christian Native Belief langs=English, Salishan,… …   Wikipedia

  • Pend d'Oreilles (tribe) — The Pend d Oreilles, also known as the Kalispel, are a tribe of Native Americans who lived centered around Lake Pend Oreille, as well as the Pend Oreille River, and Priest Lake although some of them live spread throughout Montana and eastern… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”