Baptist Convention of Hong Kong

Baptist Convention of Hong Kong

Infobox Christian denomination
name = Baptist Convention of Hong Kong

imagewidth = 150px
caption = Logo of the Baptist Convention of Hong Kong
main_classification = Protestant
orientation = Baptist
polity = Congregationalist
founder =
founded_date = 1938
founded_place =
separated_from =
leader/moderator =
leader =
parent =
merger =
separations =
fellowships =
associations = APBF, BWA
area = Malaysia
hospitals = 1
nursing_homes = 1
aid =
congregations = 90
members = 72,000
ministers =
missionaries =
temples =
primary_schools = 7
secondary_schools = 8
tertiary = 2
footnotes =

The Baptist Convention of Hong Kong (Abbr: BCHK; cantonese-tjp|t=香港浸信會聯會|j=hoeng1 gong2 zam3 seon3 wui6 lyun4 wui6|p=xiāng gǎng jìn xìn huì lián huì) is a cooperative association of Baptist churches in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.



Baptist work in Hong Kong traces its roots from the first missionaries sent by the Triennial Convention to work with the Chinese. Due to the hostility to foreigners in China at that time, missionaries were forced to work in areas with significant Chinese population in territories outside of Chinese control. In 1835, Dr. and Mrs. William Dean begun work with the Chaozhou speaking Chinese in Bangkok, Thailand whereas the Revd. John Lewis Shuck and his wife, Henrietta Shuck, started work among the Cantonese speaking Chinese in Portuguese ruled Macau 香港浸信會聯會: [ 浸會歷史] (in Chinese)] Hong Kong American Baptist Mission: [ Our Story] ] cite book |title=The Story of Our Baptist Missionary Work |last=Bushnell |first=Lorilla E. |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1909 |publisher=American Baptist Publication Society |location=Philadelphia ] .

Initial mission work

With the cession of Hong Kong to the United Kingdom in 1842, the Shucks relocated to the colony in March of the same year and were joined later in the year by the Deans . The first chapel was established in 1842 in Queen's Road known as the Queen's Road Baptist Church and the Shucks also established a school for Chinese children where Henrietta served as director until her death in 1844. They were also joined by Issachar Jacox Roberts who preached extensively in the villages of Hong Kong, particularly in the village of Chek Chue (known today as Stanley). In the same year, Roberts relocated to Canton becoming the first European to reside outside the the protected foreign "factory" as European compounds were known then [cite paper |last=Coughlin |first=Margaret Morgan |author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Strangers in the House: J. Lewis Shuck and Issachar Roberts, First American Baptist missionaries to China |version= |pages= |publisher=University of Virginia |date=1972 |url= |format=PhD dissertation |id= |accessdate= ] .


Mission work among the Cantonese was temporarily halted in 1845 when Shuck returned to the United States although Chaozhou language work continued among transient emigrant coolies with the Deans who were later joined by John W. Johnson and William Ashmore in 1860. With the help of one of the first baptized convert, Chen Dui, a second Chaozhou congregation was established in Cheung Chau Island among the permanent residents.

With the transfer of the Chaozhou mission to Shantou in 1861, the older congregation in Queen's Road closed down but the Cheung Chau congregation remained open, led by local Chinese leaders [cite paper |last=Lee |first=Joseph Tse-Hei |author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=The Chinese Christian Transnational Networks Of Bangkok-Hong Kong-Chaozhou in the 19th Century |version= |pages= |publisher=Pace University, New York |date=2004 |url= |format= |id= |accessdate= ] . Work was resumed among Cantonese speakers with the return of Johnson to Hong Kong in 1880 and by 1901, the Self-Governing Hong Kong Baptist Church (香港浸信自理會) was established .

BCHK established

On March 27 1938, the Caine Road Baptist Church (香港浸信教會), Cheung Chau Baptist Church (長洲浸信會), Aberdeen Baptist Church (香港仔浸信會), together with the outreach points at Yau Ma Tei (油麻地佈道所), Hung Hom (紅鋤佈道所) and Kowloon City (九龍城佈道所), together established the BCHK 香港浸信會聯會: [ 浸聯會事工回顧] (in Chinese)] .

With the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, many refugees entered Hong Kong, including Christians from the Baptist churches in China. This helped in the expansion of the work of the BCHK. This included Chaozhou speaking Baptists affiliated with the mission established by William Dean who set up the Hong Kong Swatow Baptist Church in 1948. In 1954, Chaozhou speaking missionaries were sent by the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society at the request of local workers to help in the work and the Chaozhou speaking churches, collectively known as the Swatow Baptist Churches (later Shantou Baptist Churches) joined the BCHK .



The first school was established by Henrietta Shuck but it did not survive her death. In 1933, a branch of Canton's Pui Ching Middle School was established in Ho Man Tin (何文田) [香港培正中學: [ 本校簡史] (in Chinese)] . By 1998, a total of 31 kindergartens, 7 primary schools, and 8 secondary schools have been established by the BCHK.

In September 1956, the Hong Kong Baptist College was established as a successor institution to the Kwangtung and Kwangsi Baptist University and classes commenced from borrowed facilities at the Pui Ching Middle School [Hong Kong Baptist University: [ History - 1950s] ] . Dr. Lam Chi-Fung became the college's first president. In 1959, the groundbreaking ceremony was held for the college's permanent campus at Waterloo Road. In 1966, the campus was finally completed and named the "Ho Sin Sang Campus" (善衡校園) [Hong Kong Baptist University: [ History - 1960s] ] . In 1994, the college was granted university status and became known as the Hong Kong Baptist University, making it the first church operated university in China since 1949 .

The Hong Kong Baptist Theological Seminary was established in 1952 as a successor institution to the Leung Kwong Theological Seminary in Canton that was closed down in 1950. The Revd. Lau Yuet-sing served as the seminary's first president. The campus was originally located in Pok Oi Estate but was relocated to larger premises at Ho Man Tin in 1958. It relocated to its current campus in Sai Kung in 1999 [Hong Kong Baptist Theological Seminary: [ A Brief History of Seminary] ] .




The BCHK is a member of the Baptist World Alliance and the Asia Pacific Baptist Federation.

See also

* Christianity in China
* Christianity in Hong Kong
* Hong Kong Baptist University
* Asia Pacific Baptist Federation
* Baptist World Alliance


External links

* [ Baptist Convention of Hong Kong]

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