- Hong Kong Club
The Hong Kong Club (zh-t|t=香港會所) is the first colonial club in Hong Kong. Overlooking the war memorial, at 1 Jackson Road, it is a private business and dining club in the heart of
Central, Hong Kong. The club opened its doors on May 26, 1846. Its members were among the most influential people in the colony, as it included government officials and the heads of the major trading firms. It was often referred to simply as "The Club".Stephen Vines, [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1090780,00.html?iid=chix-sphere The Other Handover] , Time magazine, August 06, 2005] The club's first premises were situated on Queen's Roadat the junction with D'Aguilar Street.
The 2008 club Chairman is Martin Cubbon.
The Club was to be an exclusive Colonial establishment set up by British merchants and civil servants for their own benefit, to "create a greater community of feeling among these classes". [http://sunzi1.lib.hku.hk/newspaper/view/22_01.02/34712.pdf A social institution with its beginnings in Colony history] ,
South China Morning Post, July 6, 1980] At the outset, an entrance fee of $30 was payable, and monthly subscription fees of $4 were charged quarterly in advance. Facilities included guest rooms charged at $1 per night, dining rooms and bars, and a billiards room
The Club has often been described as the seat of real power in the colony: "Here the Governor and senior civil servants would sit in regular, informal sessions, usually over breakfast or lunch, with members of the commercial elite". In 1877, the club witnessed an assault by a British sergeant who was enraged by the privileges of the official and merchant classes. The lone assailant wandered into the club brandishing a sword, swinging it at the lamps and chandeliers, and menacing members saying: "You're one of them".Eric Cavaliero, [http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?pp_cat=&art_id=26618&sid=&con_type=1&d_str=19970213&sear_year=1997 "Hong Kong Club members succumbed to redevelpment offer] ,
The Standard, February 13, 1997]
The Club moved into new premises in Jackson Road in 1897, and the old premises became home for the short-lived 'New Club', a residential club whose members were almost entirely master mariners.
Governor Sir Cecil Clementi (1925-30) believed the club to be too exclusive, and suggested abolishing it, and replacing it with a club whose membership would be open to all races.
In the late 1970s, the club was said to be running at a deficit. In 1978, it recorded a deficit of HK$200,000 after including investment income of HK$883,000, and members accused the Directors of poor management. [Sarah Monks, [http://sunzi1.lib.hku.hk/newspaper/view/22_01.01/34683.pdf A shock for HK Club members] ,
South China Morning Post, October 13, 1978]
In May 1981, a group of members fighting to preserve the Victorian clubhouse built in 1897 called an Emergency General Meeting with a motion to
wind upthe club and distribute its assets. The motion was rejected by 451:147. [Sa Ni Harte, [http://sunzi1.lib.hku.hk/newspaper/view/22_01.02/34765.pdf Hongkong Club members reject bid to disband by 451 votes to 147] , The Standard, May 5, 1981]
Rules of membership were strict: Membership was restricted to British merchants and civil servants, women and people of unsuitable background being banned.
Membership remained exclusive to white
British subjects until membership rules were eased in the late 1970s. Some parts of the club premises were off-limits to females. One former member is quoted as saying ""there was nothing in the rules to say that Chinese couldn't join. It had simply been understood that you didn't put a Chinese up for membership". [Liam Fitzpatrick, [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,501030623-458845,00.html A New Club Mix] , June 16, 2003, accessed 2007-07-24] There were reportedly few Chinese members as recently as in the early 1980s.Tim Hamlett, [http://sunzi1.lib.hku.hk/newspaper/view/22_01.02/34770.pdf No tears for the Club, but what a pity for the palace] , South China Morning Post, May 22, 1981] The Sex Discrimination Ordinance, which came into force in 1996, eventually forced its doors open to women.
The club reportedly had 1,218 members on its membership register in 1981. [ [http://sunzi1.lib.hku.hk/newspaper/view/22_01.02/34756.pdf 1,700 CLUB NAMES MISSING] , The Star, March 14, 1981] Lynne Watson, [http://sunzi1.lib.hku.hk/newspaper/view/22_01.02/34737.pdf 11th hour bid to save HK Club] ,
South China Morning Post, October 12, 1980] In 2007, the club has some 1,400 members, of which 70% are expatriates.Rowan Callick, [http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,21911689-39918,00.html Establishment remains rock-solid] , The Australian,June 29, 2007]
The Hong Kong Club building is currently in its third generation, in its second location. Prior to its 1980s redevelopment the previous Hong Kong Club Building was famous for being one of the last renaissance style buildings left in
Hong Kong. The first clubhouse was constructed on the corner of D'Aguilar St and Queen's Road. The cost of its construction, together with furniture, of ₤15,000 was financed through an issue of shares of ₤100 each.
On February 16, 1895, the Club was granted a 999-year lease on the current site, and a new clubhouse was completed there in 1897. [http://sunzi1.lib.hku.hk/newspaper/view/22_01.01/34636.pdf Club has full control of site: claim] , The Star, October 18, 1977]
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