- Abstract impressionism
Abstract Impressionism is a type of
abstract painting(not to be confused with Abstract Expressionism, a similar but different movement) where small brushstrokes build and structure large paintings. Small brushstrokes exhibit control of large areas, expressing the artists emotion and focus on inner energy, and sometimes contemplation, creating expressive, lyrical and thoughtful qualities to the paintings. Similar to the brushstrokes of Impressionists, such as Monetand Post-Impressionistssuch as van Goghand Seurat, only tending toward abstract expressionism. Where in the action paintingstyle of Abstract expressionism, brushstrokes were often large, and bold, and paint was applied in a rapid outpouring of emotion and energy, the Abstract Impressionist's short and intense brushstrokes or non-traditional application of paints and textures is done slowly and with purpose, using the passage of time as an asset and a technique. Milton Resnick, Sam Francis, Richard Pousette-Dart, and Philip Gustonwere notable Abstract Impressionist painters during the 1950s. Canadian artist Jean-Paul Riopelle(1923-2002) helped introduce abstract impressionism to Parisin the 1950s. Elaine de Kooningcoined the term "Abstract Impressionism" and it was soon used by critic Louis Finkelstein in an attempt to distinguish for Philip Gustonthe difference between the two forms. The difference primarily being in approach. The similarity between the two forms however, is in the final outcome – what is acceptable as a finished piece. Lawrence Allowayheld an exhibition of the same name in 1958and included, among others, Bernard Cohen, Harold Cohen, Sam Francis, Patrick Heron, Nicolas de Staël. A contemporary heir to the Abstract Impressionist form is William B. Duvall, whose Eco-Abstract paintings are done outdoors.
Jean René Bazaine
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