- Ashikaga Gakko
is Japan's oldest academic institution. It is located in Ashikaga city,
Tochigi Prefecture. There has been come controversy as to when it was built, but it is said that it was founded in the 9th century and was restored in 1432 by deputy shogun Uesugi Norizanewho imported many classical Chinese books and many of these are now kept in this school.
Many students came from all over Japan to study
Confucianismand I Ching. St.Francis Xavier noted in 1549 that the Ashikaga School was the largest and most famous university of eastern Japan.
Meiji Restorationit was abolished. Now it is under the direction of Ashikaga city Board of Education.
* [http://www.city.ashikaga.tochigi.jp/english/tourist/gakko/toppage.html Ashikaga School] on the web site of the Tochigi Prefecture (English version). Retrieved 8 June 2008.
* Roy Andrew Miller, [http://www.jstor.org/pss/2942349 Review: Studies in the Ashikaga College by Kawase Kazuma] , "The Far Eastern Quarterly", Vol. 14, No. 3 (May, 1955), pp. 422-424. Retrieved 8 June 2008.
* [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/38248/Ashikaga-Gakko Ashikaga-Gakko] in "
Encyclopædia Britannica" online. Retrieved 8 June 2008.
* Haruo Shirane and Tomi Suzuki (eds), [http://books.google.com/books?id=VDu64vs1vZsC "Inventing the Classics: Modernity, National Identity, and Japanese Literature"] , Stanford University Press, 2001, pp.227-228. ISBN 0804741050
* Wayne A. Wiegand and Donald G. Davis (eds.), [http://books.google.com/books?id=WR9bsvhc4XMC "Encyclopedia of Library History"] , Taylor & Francis, 1994, pp. 320-321. ISBN 0824057872
* Xinzhong Yao [http://books.google.com/books?id=p06wlKoLcDIC "Routledge Curzon Encyclopedia of Confucianism"] , Routledge, 2003, p. 121. ISBN 0700711996
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