Acanthocyte is a general term meaning 'spiny cell'. AKA "spur cell" in more severe cases

*In human biology and medicine, the term refers to pathological red blood cells, which are coarse and irregularly crenellated resembling many-pointed stars. They are seen on blood films in, among others, lipid abnormalities, liver disease, chorea acanthocytosis, McLeod syndrome and several inherited neurological disorders, such as neuroacanthocytosis.

*In veterinary medicine, Acanthocytosis may be seen in dogs with liver disease or hemangiosarcoma.

*In mycology, the term also refers to stellate cells found on the hyphae of fungi of the genus "Stropharia". Recent work, published in 2006, on those of "Stropharia rugosoannulata" has shown them to have nematode-killing properties. [cite journal
author=Hong Luo, Xuan Li, Guohong Li, Yanbo Pan, and Keqin Zhang
title=Acanthocytes of "Stropharia rugosoannulata" Function as a Nematode-Attacking Device
journal=Appl. Environ. Microbiol.
volume=72 |issue=4


External links

* [ Acanthocyte] : Presented by the University of Virginia
* [ Slide at]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • acanthocyte — ● acanthocyte nom masculin Hématie en forme de feuille d acanthe …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Acanthocyte — Acanthocytose chez un patient avec une A beta lipoprotéinémie. Les acanthocytes sont des globules rouges avec de nombreuses spicules et de véritables projections de la surface. Anomalie constitutionnelle associée avec un métabolisme anormal des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • acanthocyte — Cell with projecting spikes; most commonly applied to erythrocytes where the condition may be caused naturally by abetalipoproteinaemia or experimentally by manipulating the lipid composition of the plasma membrane …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • acanthocyte — /euh kan theuh suyt /, n. Pathol. an abnormal red blood cell having spiny projections, found in the blood of persons with abetalipoproteinemia and certain malabsorption disorders. [1980 85; ACANTHO + CYTE] * * * …   Universalium

  • acanthocyte — noun An irregular or spiny cell …   Wiktionary

  • acanthocyte — An erythrocyte characterized by multiple spiny cytoplasmic projections, as in acanthocytosis. [acantho + G. kytos, cell] * * * acan·tho·cyte ə kan(t) thə .sīt n an abnormal red blood cell having variously shaped protoplasmic projections * * *… …   Medical dictionary

  • acanthocyte — noun an abnormal red blood cell that has thorny projections of protoplasm • Hypernyms: ↑red blood cell, ↑RBC, ↑erythrocyte …   Useful english dictionary

  • spur cell — acanthocyte …   Medical dictionary

  • acanthrocyte — Obsolete term for acanthocyte. * * * acan·thro·cyte (ə kanґthro sīt) acanthocyte …   Medical dictionary

  • Reactive lymphocyte — surrounded by red blood cells. Reactive lymphocytes are lymphocytes that become large as a result of antigen stimulation. Typically they can be more than 30 µm in diameter with varying size and shape. The nucleus of a reactive lymphocyte can be… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”