Bethabara, North Carolina
- Bethabara, North Carolina
Bethabara (from the Hebrew, meaning "House of Passage" and pronounced beth-ab-bra, the name of the traditional site of the Baptism of Jesus Christ) is a village located in Forsyth County, North Carolina. It was the site where fifteen men from the Moravian Church first settled in 1753 in an abandoned cabin in the hundred-thousand acre (400 km²) tract of land the church had purchased from Lord Granville and dubbed Wachovia.
Its early settlers were noted for advanced agricultural practices, especially their "Medicine Garden," which produced over fifty kinds of herbs. Bethabara grew slowly and today is known locally as "Old Town" [Dictionary of American History by James Truslow Adams, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1940] .
Although later parties of Moravians joined the first fifteen, including women and children, Bethabara was never meant to be a permanent settlement. It was intended to house the Moravians until a more suitable location for their central village could be found. In 1771, that place was completed: Salem. Many of the settlers moved to Salem, and Bethabara became an outlying farm to supply the residents of Salem and other Moravian villages with food.
In 1788, a slave, Johann Samuel, was named superintendent of the farm; he was freed in 1801, though he continued to rent the land from the church. However, Bethabara, as it existed, was no longer needed, and it fell into disuse. The original buildings collapsed, and their foundations were filled in to make more farm land.
Today, what remains of the village, including the excavated foundations of the original buildings, the restored Gemeinhaus, and the reconstructed palisade and colonial gardens, is a park and National Historic Site serving Forsyth County. All of the above can be toured for a small fee in the spring, summer, and autumn months. There are frequent festivals and reenactments on the weekends, such as the Independence Weekend Celebration held the weekend prior to or during Independence Day. Winston-Salem State University also runs a summer archeology program featuring on-site excavation.
Notes and references
* [http://www.bethabarapark.org/ Historic Bethabara Park]
Look at other dictionaries:
Wachovia, North Carolina — Wachovia ( Pronunciation: wah KO vee yah ) was the area settled by Moravians in what is now Forsyth County, North Carolina, US. Of the six eighteenth century Moravian villages of the Lord established in Wachovia, today, the town of Bethania,… … Wikipedia
Huntsville, North Carolina — Huntsville is a small unincorporated community in eastern Yadkin County, North Carolina, USA. The community was formerly chartered in 1792 by Charles Hunt of Salisbury, NC and was chartered again in 1822 Harvard citation|Powell|1968|p=241.… … Wikipedia
List of unincorporated communities in North Carolina — The following is a partial list of named, but unincorporated communities in the state of North Carolina. To be listed, the unincorporated community should either be a Census Designated Place (CDP) or a place with at least a few commercial… … Wikipedia
National Register of Historic Places listings in Forsyth County, North Carolina — Map of all coordinates from Google Map of all coordinates from Bing … Wikipedia
Winston-Salem, North Carolina — Winston Salem City City of Winston Salem Skyline of Winston Salem looking north from Broad Street … Wikipedia
Winston-Salem, North Carolina — Winston Salem Pour les articles homonymes, voir Winston et Salem. Winston Salem … Wikipédia en Français
Forsyth County, North Carolina — Infobox U.S. County county = Forsyth County state = North Carolina map size = 250 founded = 1849 seat = Winston Salem | area total sq mi =413 area land sq mi =410 area water sq mi =3 area percentage = 0.80% census yr = 2006 pop = 332,355 density… … Wikipedia
Bethabara Historic District — Infobox nrhp | name =Bethabara Historic District nrhp type =nhld caption = Bethabara Moravian Church in 1934 nearest city= Winston Salem, North Carolina locmapin = North Carolina area = built =1753 architect= Unknown architecture= Other… … Wikipedia
Bethabara Moravian Church — Infobox nrhp | name =Bethabara Moravian Church nrhp type = caption = location= 2147 Bethabara Rd., Winston Salem, North Carolina lat degrees = 36 lat minutes = 9 lat seconds = 11.99 lat direction = N long degrees = 80 long minutes = 18 long… … Wikipedia
Condado de Forsyth (Carolina del Norte) — Para otros usos de este término, véase Condado de Forsyth. Condado de Forsyth Condado de los Estados Unidos … Wikipedia Español