infobox UK place
country = England
map_type = Greater London
london_borough= Hammersmith and Fulham
constituency_westminster= Hammersmith and Fulham
postcode_area = SW
Fulham (pronounced "fullum") is an area of south-west London in the
London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, (the successor to the Metropolitan Borough of Fulham) located convert|3.7|mi|km|1 south west of Charing Cross. It is situated in between Putneyand Chelsea.
Fulham was formerly the seat of the
dioceseof "Fulham and Gibraltar", and Fulham Palacethe former official home of the Bishop of London, (now a museum), the grounds of which are now divided between public allotments and an elegant botanical garden.
Having been through many transformations in its history, today it is a green London suburb within close reach of areas such as Chelsea and
Kensingtonand this is reflected in the local house prices. It was included within Savills' 2007 list of "prime" London areas [http://property.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/property/buying_and_selling/article2875602.ece] .
Two Premiership football clubs, Fulham and Chelsea, are situated in Fulham. The former
Lillie Bridge Grounds(which hosted the second FA Cup finaland the first ever amateur boxing matches) was also in Fulham.
Fulham, or in its earliest form "Fullanham", is uncertainly stated to signify "the place" either "of fowls" or "of mud" (which probably had a lot to do with the fact that the River Thames would flood it periodically), or alternatively, "land in the crook of a river bend belonging to a man named Fulla". The manor is said to have been given to Bishop
Erkenwaldabout the year 691 for himself and his successors in the see of London, and Holinshed relates that the Bishop of Londonwas lodging in his manor place in 1141 when Geoffrey de Mandeville, riding out from the Tower of London, took him prisoner. At the Commonwealth the manor was temporarily out of the bishops' hands, being sold to Colonel Edmund Harvey. There is no record of the first erection of a parish church, but the first known rector was appointed in 1242, and a church probably existed a century before this. The earliest part of the church demolished in 1881, however, did not date farther back than the 15th century. In 879 Danish invaders, sailing up the Thames, wintered at Fulham and Hammersmith. Near the former wooden Putney Bridge, built in 1729 and replaced in 1886, the earl of Essex threw a bridge of boats across the river in 1642 in order to march his army in pursuit of Charles I, who thereupon fell back on Oxford. Margravine Road recalls the existence of Bradenburg House, a riverside mansion built by Sir Nicholas Crispe in the time of Charles I, used as the headquarters of General Fairfax in 1647 during the civil wars, and occupied in 1792 by the margrave of Brandenburg-Anspachand Bayreuth and his wife, and in 1820 by Caroline, consort of George IV.
Fulham during the 18th century had a reputation of debauchery, becoming a sort of "Las Vegas retreat" for the wealthy of
London, where there was much gambling and prostitution.
Fulham remained a
working classarea for the first half of the twentieth century, but was subject to extensive restoration between the Second World Warand the 1980s. Today, Fulham is one of the most expensive parts of London, and hence the United Kingdom; average actual sale price of all property (both houses and flats) sold in the SW6 area in September 2007 was £639,973 [http://www.home.co.uk/guides/house_prices_report.htm?location=sw6&lastyear=1] .
Fulham nestles in a loop of the
Thamesacross the river from Barnes and Putney. It is on the Wimbledon branch of the District Lineof the tube - Fulham's tube stations are Putney Bridge, Parsons Green and Fulham Broadway.
Fulham is currently a part of the Hammersmith and Fulham parliamentary seat, currently taken up by Conservative
Greg Hands. However, from 2009 this constituency will be dissolved and the area will become a part of the new Chelsea and Fulham constituency.
Fulham has in the past been a politically significant part of the country, having been the scene of two major parliamentary
by-elections in the 20th century. In 1933, the Fulham East by-election became known as the "peace by-election".
In 1986, Fulham experienced another by-election following the death of Conservative MP Martin Stevens. Labour's
Nick Raynsfordgained the constituency on a 10% swing - one of the first elections that heralded the slick, modern campaigning New Labour techniques that would become renowned. Posters announcing that "Nick Raynsford lives here" adorned thousands of windows in the constituency - a reference to the fact that Labour's candidate was a long-time local, while the Tory was resident outside of the constituency.
Fulham voters have, however, been leaning towards the Conservatives since the 1960s as the area underwent huge demographic change: the tightly-packed terraces which had housed
working-classfamilies employed in the heavy industry that dominated Fulham's riverside being rapidly replaced with young professionals who had a very different political outlook. Still, many working-class people have chosen to remain in the town.
In 1971, Fulham elected 28 Labour and two Conservative councillors; in 2002 the figures were 16 Conservative and 10 Labour. For the Hammersmith & Fulham borough as a whole, in 1971 two Conservative and 58 Labour councillors were elected. In 2006, the voters returned 33 Conservative and 13 Labour councillors. In the 2005 General Election, Conservative Greg Hands won the Parliamentary seat from Labour, polling 45.4% against Labour's 35.2%, a 7.3% swing.
Culture and entertainment
There is a cinema complex as part of the Fulham Broadway Centre. Notable restaurant "The River Café" is in Fulham, alongside the headquarters of architect
Richard Rogersand the London Oratory School. Fulham Town Hallbuilt in 1888 in the "classical renaissance" is now used as a popular venue for concerts and dances, especially its Grand Hall.
The area is home to the Fulham Football Club stadium
Craven Cottageand the Chelsea Football Club stadium Stamford Bridge and the various apartments and entertainment centres built into it. This includes Marco's, a restaurant owned and operated by chef Marco Pierre White.
Famously exclusive sports club, the
Hurlingham Club, is also located within Fulham. With members having included British monarchs, the waiting list for membership currently averages over fifteen years [http://www.hurlinghamclub.org.uk/ViewDetails.aspx?node_id=1&portal_id=1&inst_id=26&item_id=166] .
The area, like other comparable areas of London, is home to a number of pubs. "
The White Horse" in Parsons Green is colloquially known by many as "The Sloaney Poney" [http://observer.guardian.co.uk/barguide/story/0,,668959,00.html] , a reference to the " Sloane Rangers" who frequent it. Other traditional Fulham pubs include the "Pear Tree" in Margravine Road, the "Wilton" in Dawes Road, the "Eight Bells" in Fulham High Street, the "Seven Stars" and "The Elm" in North End Road. Other popular pubs include "The Crabtree" on Rainville Road, "The Durrell" in Fulham Roadand "The Mitre" on Bishops Road.
Fulham has many parks and open spaces of which Bishops Park,
Fulham PalaceGardens, Hurlingham Park, South Park, Eel Brook Common and Parsons Green are the largest.
Fulham has appeared in numerous films including
The Omenand The L-Shaped Room. Fulham Broadway tube stationwas used in Sliding Doors.
Cyril Aldred- Egyptologist and art historian
M. Alison Atkins- artist and illustrator
William John Burchell- explorer, naturalist, traveller, artist and author
Antonio Carluccio- chef and restauateur
Simon Climie- musician
James D'Arcy- actor
Jill Dando- journalist
*Duffy - singer
Gwyneth Dunwoody- politician, born and grew up in Fulham
William Hayes Fisher, 1st Baron Downham- politician
Robert Fripp- guitarist for King Crimson
Jo Frost- "Super Nanny"
Barry George- alleged murderer of Jill Dando
Sidney Leslie Goodwin- youngest victim of the Titanic
Leslie Grantham- actor
Lady Isabella Hervey- socialite
Leonard Hodgson- priest
*Henry Holland - architect,
Theatre Royal, Drury Laneand others
*Ben Jones - radio DJ, currently on
Kelly Jones- lead singer of Stereophonics
Caron Keating- television presenter
Judith Keppel- first winner of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?
Jemima Khan- socialite
Norton Knatchbull, 8th Baron Brabourne- aristocrat
Suzy Lamplugh- missing estate agent
Chris Leonard- musician
Jessica Martin- actress
Brian May- guitarist for Queen
Natascha McElhone- actress
*Sir Roger Moore - actor, including
Norah Phillips, Baroness Phillips- politician
Beilby Porteus- bishop of London and Anglican reformer
Daniel Radcliffe- actor, including Harry Potter
Johnny Rotten- lead singer of the Sex Pistols
Granville Sharp- abolitionist
Dame Maggie Smith- Oscar-winning actress
William Archibald Spooner- Oxford Universitydon, known for inventing spoonerisms
Michael Stewart, Baron Stewart of Fulham- politician
Catherine Tate- comedian and actress
*Sir Gerald Thesiger - judge,
High Court of Justice
Gary Waldhorn- actor, including Vicar of Dibley
Metropolitan Borough of Fulham
* [http://81.1911encyclopedia.org/F/FU/FULHAM.htm Fulham] - 1911 Encyclopedia article
* [http://www.aboutbritain.com/museumoffulhampalace.htm Museum of Fulham Palace on www.aboutbritain.com]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/london/whereyoulive/west/hammersmith/index.shtml BBC Guide to Hammersmith, Fulham and Chiswick]
* [http://www.bishopoffulham.co.uk/ Bishop of Fulham's website]
* [http://www.fhhs.org.uk/ Fulham & Hammersmith Historical Society]
* [http://www.hflabour.org.uk Hammersmith and Fulham Labour Party] .
* [http://www.greghands.com Greg Hands MP] - Website of the
Member of Parliamentfor Hammersmith and Fulham
* [http://thecowanreport.blogspot.com Cllr. Stephen Cowan (Lab) - Leader of the Opposition]
* [http://www.lbhf.gov.uk/index3.htm London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham]
* [http://www.lbhf.gov.uk/our_borough/bguide/default.htm The Borough Guide from the Borough Council]
* [http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/20310 Hammersmith, Fulham and Putney] , by Geraldine Edith Mitton and John Cunningham Geikie, 1903, from
* [http://www.eleflat.co.uk/Fulham-84_SW6-2007-council-tax.htm Fulham council tax bands and charges]
* [http://www.stjohnsfulham.org/history St John's Church Fulham Website - History]
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