Mobile ad-hoc network

Mobile ad-hoc network

A mobile ad-hoc network (MANET) is a kind of wireless ad-hoc network, and is a self-configuring network of mobile routers (and associated hosts) connected by wireless links – the union of which form an arbitrary topology. The routers are free to move randomly and organize themselves arbitrarily; thus, the network's wireless topology may change rapidly and unpredictably. Such a network may operate in a standalone fashion, or may be connected to the larger Internet.

Mobile ad-hoc networks became a popular subject for research as laptops and 802.11/Wi-Fi wireless networking became widespread in the mid to late 1990s. Many of the academic papers evaluate protocols and abilities assuming varying degrees of mobility within a bounded space, usually with all nodes within a few hops of each other, and usually with nodes sending data at a constant rate. Different protocols are then evaluated based on the packet drop rate, the overhead introduced by the routing protocol, and other measures.

The Children's Machine One Laptop per Child program has developed a cheap laptop for mass distribution (>1 million at a time) to developing countries for education. The laptops will use IEEE 802.11s based ad hoc wireless mesh networking to develop their own communications network out of the box.

Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANET) are a form of MANETs used for communication among vehicles and between vehicles and roadside equipment.

Intelligent vehicular ad hoc network (InVANET) is a kind of Intelligence in Vehicle(s) which provide multiple autonomic intelligent solutions to make automotive vehicles to behave in intelligent manner during vehicle-to-vehicle collisions, accidents, drunken driving etc. InVANET uses WiFi IEEE 802.11 b/802.11g/802.11p and WiMAX IEEE 802.16 for providing easy, accurate, effective communication between multiple vehicles on dynamic mobility. Effective measures to track the automotive vehicles, media download /upload, conference between vehicles are also preferred.InVANET can also be applied for artillery vehicles during warfare, battlefield, and peace-time operations. Mesh networking in mobile applications have been demonstrated in multiple military scenarios. [ [ MD4455/MD4325 Mobile Node with Mobility Scanner ] ]

In September 2007, the Swedish company TerraNet AB presented a mesh network of mobile phones allowing for the routing of calls and data between participating hand sets, without the need to involve cell sites. [Cite news
title = Mobile system promises free calls
work = BBC
accessdate = 2008-02-12
date = 2007-09-11
url =

See also

* Wireless ad hoc network
* Delay Tolerant Networking
* Intelligent Vehicular AdHoc Network
* Wireless community network
* Mesh network
* Wireless mesh network
* Mobile phone
* Wizzy Digital Courier
* Real Time Locating
* B.A.T.M.A.N. (Better Approach To Mobile Adhoc Networking)


Further reading

Mobile ad hoc social network (Overview):
* cite journal
author= Rheingold, Howard
title= MAS 214, Macquarie University, "Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution"
journal= The Power of the Mobile Many
year= 2002
pages= 288

Packet Radio Papers:
* cite journal
author= Burchfiel, J., Tomlinson, R., Beeler, M.
title= Functions and structure of a packet radio station
journal= AFIPS
year= 1975
pages= 245

* cite journal
author= Kahn, R. E.
title= The Organization of Computer Resources into a Packet Radio Network
journal= IEEE Transactions on Communications
month= January | year= 1977
volume= COM-25
issue= 1
pages= 169–178

* cite journal
author= Kahn, R. E., Gronemeyer, S. A., Burchfiel, J., Kunzelman, R. C.
title= Advances in Packet Radio Technology
journal= Proceedings of IEEE
month= November | year= 1978
volume= 66
issue= 11
pages= 1468–1496

* cite journal
author= Jubin, J., and Tornow, J. D.
title= The DARPA Packet Radio Network Protocols
journal= Proceedings of the IEEE
month= January | year= 1987
volume= 75
issue= 1

* cite journal
author= N. Schacham and J. Westcott
title= Future directions in packet radio architectures and protocols
journal= Proceedings of the IEEE
month= January | year= 1987
volume= 75
issue= 1
pages= 83–99
doi= 10.1109/PROC.1987.13707
Ad Hoc Network Papers (Overview):
* cite journal
author= Royer, E., Toh, C.
title= A Review of Current Routing Protocols for Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks
journal= IEEE Personal Communications
year= 1999
month = April
volume = 6
issue = 2
pages= 46–55
doi= 10.1109/98.760423

* cite journal
author= Mauve, M., Widmer, J., Hartenstein, H.
title= A Survey on Position-Based Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
journal= IEEE Network
year= 2001
month = December
volume = 1
issue = 6
pages= 30–39
doi= 10.1109/65.967595

* cite journal
author= Maihöfer, C.
title= [ A Survey on Geocast Routing Protocols]
journal= IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials
year= 2004
month = 2nd quarter
volume = 6
issue = 2
Ad Hoc Network Books :
* cite book
author= Ozan, K. Tonguz, Gianluigi Ferrari
title= Ad Hoc Wireless Networks: A Communication-Theoretic Perspective
year= 2006
month = May
editor= John Wiley & Sons.

* cite book
author= C K Toh
title= Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks: Protocols & Systems
year= 2002
month = January
editor= Prentice Hall Publishers

Intelligent Ad Hoc Vehicular Network Papers (Overview):
* cite journal
author= Arunkumar Thangavelu, Sivanandam S.N
title= [ Location Identification and Vehicular Tracking for Vehicular Ad Hoc Wireless Networks]
journal= IEEE Explorer
year= 2007A
month = February
volume = 1
issue = 2
pages= 112–116

External links

* [ IETF MANET group]
* [ Additional MANET WG page]
* [ NIST MANET and Sensor Network Security project]
* [ Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Bibliography]
* [ InADVENC Google Groups(InVANET)]
* [ DARPA's ITMANET program and the FLoWS project]
* [ DARPA's ITMANET program and the Nequit project]
* [ IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Society - for VANETs]
* [ MANET The future of battlefield communications? (page 30)]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mobile ad hoc network — MANET redirects here. For other uses, see Manet (disambiguation). A mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a self configuring infrastructureless network of mobile devices connected by wireless links. ad hoc is Latin and means for this purpose . [1] [2] …   Wikipedia

  • Mobile ad hoc network — Las Mobile ad hoc network (denominadas también MANET como acrónimo de Mobile ad hoc network) en algunas ocasiones denominada también como malla de nodos móviles (mobile mesh network), se trata de una red de dispositivos conectados por wireless y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks — Mobile Ad hoc NETworks[note 1],[note 2] ou MANET, est le nom d un groupe de travail de l IETF, créé en 1998/1999, chargé de standardiser des protocoles de routage basés sur la technologie IP pour les réseaux ad hoc. MANET fait aussi références… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wireless ad hoc network — A wireless ad hoc network is a decentralized wireless network. [C K Toh, [ Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks, Prentice Hall Publishers ] , 2002.] The network is ad hoc because each node is… …   Wikipedia

  • Vehicular ad-hoc Network — A Vehicular Ad Hoc Network, or VANET, is a form of Mobile ad hoc network, to provide communications among nearby vehicles and between vehicles and nearby fixed equipment, usually described as roadside equipment.The main goal of VANET is providing …   Wikipedia

  • Intelligent Vehicular ad-hoc Network — Intelligent vehicular ad hoc networks (InVANETs) use WiFi IEEE 802.11 and WiMAX IEEE 802.16 for easy and effective communication between vehicles with dynamic mobility. Effective measures such as media communication between vehicles can be… …   Wikipedia

  • Vehicular ad-hoc network — (réseau Ad Hoc de véhicules), ou VANet, est une forme de Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (réseau mobile Ad Hoc), pour fournir des communications au sein d un groupe de véhicules à portée les uns des autres et entre les véhicules et les équipements fixes à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network — (réseau Ad Hoc de véhicules), ou VANet, est une forme de Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (réseau mobile Ad Hoc), pour fournir des communications au sein d un groupe de véhicules à portée les uns des autres et entre les véhicules et les équipements fixes à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Internet Based Mobile Ad-hoc Networks — (iMANET) are basically Networks in which Mobile Nodes (ad hoc network) and Fixed Nodes (for providing internet) are present. Fixed nodes are gateways. In such type of networks normal ad hoc routing algorithms don t apply directly …   Wikipedia

  • Mobile Slotted Aloha — (MS Aloha) is a wireless network protocol proposed for applications such as vehicle networks. Details Considering the typical taxonomy of MAC protocols, MS Aloha represents a hybrid solution. It is based on connection oriented paradigm (hence may …   Wikipedia

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