- Guram Mamulia
Guram Mamulia (
May 9, 1937- January 1, 2003) was a historian, politician and campaigner for Meskhetian rights. A month after Mamulia was born, his father was imprisoned by Stalin. He was raised by his aunt. He graduated with a degree in history from Tbilisi State Universityin 1960. He began teaching at Tbilisi University in 1973.Dan Brennan. " [http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/2003/apr/05/guardianobituaries.usa Obituary: Guram Mamulia] ", " The Guardian", April 5 2003. Retrieved on 2008-04-29.]
Dissident and Meskhetian rights activist
In 1981 he was expelled from the Communist party after protesting on behalf of dissidents. In 1983 he was removed from his position at the University for publishing an article condemning the
Georgievsk Treatyof 1783 whereby Russia annexed Georgia. In 1988 he was a co-founder of the Ilia Chavchavadze Society. The next year he helped found the Georgian Memorial Society which was devoted to memorializing victims of the Soviets. He was s supporter of Eduard Shevardnadzeand was elected to Georgia's parliament in 1992 where he was involved in inter-ethnic relations. He help found the independent Association for the Repatriation and Integration of Meskhetianswhich supported the repatriation of Meskhetian as a condition to enter the Council of Europeand he was involved with the International Black Sea Universitya UN supported program for cooperation between Georgian and Turkish academics. [ [http://www.cesnur.org/2007/bord_edilashvili.htm The 2007 International Conference - Meskhetians: Social Challenges, Prospects] . Retrieved on 2008-05-13.] His activism gained him critics for being a Turkish agent and he was assaulted in 1990 for defending Meskhetians.
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