Apex Historic District

Apex Historic District

Infobox_nrhp | name =Apex Historic District
nrhp_type = hd

caption = Historic downtown Apex
location= Apex, North Carolina
locmapin = North Carolina
area =
built =1873
architect= Frank Simpson; J.W. Stout
architecture= Bungalow/Craftsman, Queen Anne, Classical Revival, Italianate, Modern Movement, Late Victorian, Early Commercial
added = March 17, 1994 (original) March 10, 1995 (increase 1) February 14, 2002 (increase 2) January 31, 2008 (increase 3)cite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2008-05-04|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service]
governing_body = Local
mpsub=Wake County MPS
refnum=94000185 (original) 95000210 (increase 1) 02000016 (increase 2) 07001502 (increase 3)
The Apex Historic District is the historic commercial and residential center of Apex, North Carolina, a satellite town of the state capital Raleigh. The district revolves around Salem Street, the main thoroughfare in downtown Apex.cite web| last=| first=| title="Historic Downtown Apex on Salem Street" | work=| publisher=Apex Chamber of Commerce| date=| url=http://www.apexchamber.com/sections/life/life_community.html| accessdate=2008-05-04] In 2007, CNNMoney.com ranked Apex as the 14th best place to live in the United States.cite web| last=Harvie| first=Stephanie| title="Apex Named One of Country’s Top Places To Live" | work=| publisher="Fuquay-Varina Independent"| date=| url=http://fuquay-varinaindependent.com/articles/2007/07/19/apex_herald/news/a1besttown.txt| accessdate=2008-05-04] The report cited the Historic District as one reason for the award and described the district as "quaint, impressively intact, and with an array of commercial and residential buildings now serving visitors and residents alike."cite web| last=| first=| title="Best Places to Live: Top 100" | work=| publisher=CNNMoney.com| date=|url=http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2007/moneymag/0707/gallery.BPTL_top_100.moneymag/14.html| accessdate=2008-05-04] cite web| last=Lamb| first=Amanda| title="Apex, Holly Springs Among Top Great American Towns" | work=| publisher=wral.com| date=2007-07-16| url=http://www.wral.com/news/local/story/1597216| accessdate=2008-05-04] On March 17, 1994, the Apex Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The district boundaries were expanded in 1995, 2002, and 2008, and include Hunter, Center, Chatham, Cunningham, Holleman, and Hughes Streets.


The town of Apex was incorporated in 1873, and named for being the highest point on the Chatham Railroad line between Richmond, Virginia and Jacksonville, Florida. The town's residential and commercial buildings were constructed near the Apex Union Depot on Salem Street. During the next several decades, Apex became the rail, trade, and shopping destination for western Wake County. In February 1905, a fire broke out in the commercial area of downtown Apex and destroyed several frame buildings. Owners rebuilt their businesses with fire-proof brick. On June 12, 1911, another fire broke out in Apex's commercial district. The Merchants and Farmer’s Bank, Postmaster's house, and many other buildings were destroyed. Townspeople once again rebuilt downtown Apex businesses and a new train station was constructed in 1914.cite web| last=| first=| title="Town of Apex" | work=| publisher=North Carolina History Project|date=| url=http://www.northcarolinahistory.org/encyclopedia/11/entry| accessdate=2008-05-04]

Like many small U.S. towns, downtown Apex businesses began closing in the 1970s and 1980s. By 1985, half of the buildings in downtown Apex were empty.cite web| last=Perez| first=Lorenzo| title="A downtown diner closes in Apex" | work=| publisher="The News & Observer"|date=2008-04-10| url=http://www.newsobserver.com/business/story/1031690.html| accessdate=2008-05-04] In 1995 town leaders began improving Salem Street in an effort to increase local business and attract visitors to the historic district. Utilities were placed underground, sidewalks were repaved, and landscaping was added. In 1996, Apex received an award from Wake County's Capital Area Preservation organization for the efforts put forth in revitalizing the historic district.cite web| last=Lea| first=Diana| title="All Aboard for Apex" | work=| publisher="Metro Magazine"|date=2005-10-01| url=http://www.metronc.com/article/?id=932| accessdate=2008-05-04] Because of Apex's population boom (1990 population: 4,500; 2008 estimated population: 34,000), further development of the district has begun and includes additional office space, a hotel, theatre, churches, six parks, and over 800 homes.cite web| last=Shrader| first=Brian| title="Growing Apex Considers Ambitious Development Plan" | work=| publisher=wral.com|date=2000-07-02| url=http://www.wral.com/news/local/story/150721/| accessdate=2008-05-04]


Apex Historic District contains 60 buildings that were constructed from 1870 to 1940, and has been described as a "Gucci Mayberry." Architectural designs of the district include: Bungalow, Craftsman, Queen Anne, Classical Revival, Italianate, Modern Movement, Late Victorian, and Early Commercial. Salem Street is lined with one-and two-story brick buildings, such as Apex City Hall, Apex Union Depot, and the Town Hall. The retail section of the district includes art galleries, bakeries, restaurants, and boutique stores.

ee also

* List of Registered Historic Places in North Carolina

External links

* [http://apexhisoc.freeservers.com/ Apex Historical Society]


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