- Battle of Nördlingen (1645)
:"This article is about the second Battle of Nördlingen fought in
1645in Germanyas part of the Thirty Years' War. See also Battle of Nördlingen (1634)".
conflict=Battle of Nördlingen
Thirty Years' War
August 3, 1645
Alerheim, near Nördlingen, present-day Germany
combatant1=flagicon|France|restauration [George Ripley, Charles Anderson Dana, "The American Cyclopaedia", New York, 1874, p. 250, "...the standard of France was white, sprinkled with golden fleur de lis...". * [http://www.anyflag.com/history/fleur23.htm] The original Banner of France was strewn with fleurs-de-lis. * [http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/dgdisplaylargemeta.cfm?strucID=585779&imageID=1236061&parent_id=585395&word=&s=¬word=&d=&c=&f=&sScope=&sLevel=&sLabel=&lword=&lfield=&num=0&imgs=12&total=98&pos=1&snum=] :on the reverse of this plate it says: "Le pavillon royal était véritablement le drapeau national au dix-huitième siecle...Vue du chateau d'arrière d'un vaisseau de guerre de haut rang portant le pavillon royal (blanc, avec les armes de France)." [http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Flag] from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica: "The oriflamme and the Chape de St Martin were succeeded at the end of the 16th century, when Henry III., the last of the house of Valois, came to the throne, by the white standard powdered with fleurs-de-lis. This in turn gave place to the famous tricolour."]
combatant2=flag|Holy Roman Empire
Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé
flagicon|France|restauration Vicomte de Turenne
commander2=flag|Holy Roman Empire Franz Baron von Mercy †
Johann von Werth
casualties1=5,000 dead or wounded
casualties2=5,000 dead or woundedThe second Battle of Nördlingen (or Battle of Allerheim) was fought on
August 3, 1645between forces of the Holy Roman Empireand France. An Imperial army, led by Field Marshal Franz von Mercy, were encamped around the village of Alerheimnear Nördlingenin Bavaria. It was attacked by a French army under the command of Louis de Bourbon, Duc d'Enghien and Marshal Henri, Vicomte de Turenne. The French won the battle after a bloody struggle in which both sides lost virtually the same number of troops. Von Mercy himself was killed and the Bavarians driven from the field, but the heavy casualties had so weakened the French that they were unable to press home their advantage. In the wake of the battle, the exhausted Bavarians began peace negotiations that led to the Truce of Ulmtwo years later.
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