Wood Avens

Wood Avens

Taxobox
name = Wood Avens



image_width = 240px
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Rosales
familia = Rosaceae
subfamilia = Rosoideae
genus = "Geum"
species = "G. urbanum"
binomial = "Geum urbanum"
binomial_authority = L.

Wood Avens ("Geum urbanum") also known as Herb Bennet, Colewort and St. Benedict's herb is a perennial plant in the Rose family (Rosaceae) which grows in shady places (such as woodland edges and near hedgerows) in Europe and the Middle East.

Usually reaching a height between 20 and 60 cm, wood avens blooms between May and August and its flowers are 1 - 2 cm in diameter, having five bright yellow petals. The hermaphrodite flowers are scented and pollinated by bees. The fruits have burrs, which are used for dispersal by getting caught in the fur of rabbits and other animals. The root is used as a spice in soups and also for flavouring ale.

In folklore

in folklore Wood Avens is credited with the power to drive away evil spirits, and to protect against rabid dogs and venomous snakes. It was associated with Christianity because its leaves grew in threes and its petals in fives (reminiscent of, respectively, the Holy Trinity and the Five Wounds). Astrologically, it was said to be ruled by Jupiter.

In herbal medicine

Wood Avens was stated to be a treatment for poison and dog bites. Paracelsus suggested its use against liver disease, catarrh and stomach upsets.

Modern herbalists use it to treat diarrhoea, heart disease, halitosis and mouth ulcers, and to prevent colic. Not all of these uses are supported by scientific evidence.

ources

* Howard, Michael. "Traditional Folk Remedies" (Century, 1987), pp 99-100.


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  • wood avens — geltonoji žiognagė statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Žolinis, prieskoninis erškėtinių (Rosaceae) šeimos augalas. Prieskonių žaliavai naudojami rudenį kasami šakniastiebiai, turintys gvazdikėlių kvapo. Nuo senų laikų vartojami… …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • wood avens — noun hairy Eurasian plant with small yellow flowers and an astringent root formerly used medicinally • Syn: ↑herb bennet, ↑cloveroot, ↑clover root, ↑Geum urbanum • Hypernyms: ↑avens * * * noun : a European avens ( …   Useful english dictionary

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  • seed and fruit — ▪ plant reproductive part Introduction       respectively, the characteristic reproductive (reproductive system, plant) body of both angiosperms (flowering plants) and gymnosperms (conifers, cycads, and ginkgos) and the ovary that encloses it.… …   Universalium

  • herb bennet — noun hairy Eurasian plant with small yellow flowers and an astringent root formerly used medicinally • Syn: ↑cloveroot, ↑clover root, ↑wood avens, ↑Geum urbanum • Hypernyms: ↑avens * * * ˈbenə̇t noun ( …   Useful english dictionary

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