Indicative limit value

Indicative limit value

In the law of the European Union, indicative limit values, more exactly indicative occupational exposure limit values (IOELVs), are human exposure limits to hazardous substances specified by the Council of the European Union based on expert research and advice.

They are not binding on member states but must be taken into consideration in setting national occupational exposure limits. Some member states have pre-existing national limits lower than the IOELV and are not required to revise these upwards. In practice, most member states adopt the IOELV but there are some variances upwards and downwards. [Dikshith & Diwan (2003) "p."191] [Walters & Grodzki (2006) "pp"53-54]

Legal basis

A system of IOELVs was first introduced in 1980 by directive 80/1107/EEC but the first list of 27 substances was not created until directive 91/322/EC in 1991. Member states had until 31 December 1993 to implement national limits. This first list was amended by directive 2006/15/EC in 2006 which transferred 10 of the 27 to a different regulatory regime. A second list was defined in directive 96/94/EEC but this was repealed by directive 2000/39/EC.Dikshith & Diwan (2003) "p."189]

In 1998, directive 80/1107/EEC was repealed and replaced by a new regime under the chemical agents directive (directive 98/24/EC). The directive defines occupational exposure limit value as "the limit of the time-weighted average of the concentration of a chemical agent in the air within the breathing zone of a worker over a specified reference period." [Art.2(d)] Article 3 of the directive led to the creation of the Scientific Committee on Occupational Exposure Limit Values to advise the European Commission. [Dikshith & Diwan (2003) "p."190] [Official Journal of the European Union [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:31995D0320:EN:HTML L 188, 9.8.1995, p.14-15] ] There have subsequently been two directives establishing further lists of IOELVs: 2000/39/EC and 2006/15/EC. As of 2008, the IOELVs under directive 91/322/EC remain in force but under review. [ cite web | author=European Commission | work=Health and Safety at Work | publisher=Employment and Social Affairs | accessdate=2008-04-24 | url=http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/health_safety/occupational_en.htm | title=Occupational Exposure Limits and Biological Limit Values ] A third list of IOELVs, now under directive 98/24/EC, is expected in the first half of 2008. [ cite web | url=http://www.hse.gov.uk/aboutus/europe/euronews/dossiers/ioelv3.htm | publisher=Health and Safety Executive | title=Third list of indicative occupational exposure limit values (IOELVs) (98/24/EC) | work=On the Horizon | year=2008 | accessdate=2009-04-24 ]

References

Bibliography

* cite book | title=Industrial Guide to Chemical and Drug Safety | author=Dikshith, T. S. S. & Diwan, P. V. | year=2003 | publisher=Wiley-IEEE | id=ISBN 0471236985 | url=http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=8589gU9ILbEC&pg=PA189&lpg=PA189&ots=hoIUGGjTUk&sig=fyqMpNg2mdXimSwOO0e3LYRJyoY | pages="pp"189-191 (Google Books)
* cite web | author=European Commission | work=Health and Safety at Work | publisher=Employment and Social Affairs | accessdate=2008-04-24 | url=http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/health_safety/occupational_en.htm | title=Occupational Exposure Limits and Biological Limit Values
* cite web | author=— | publisher=Employment and Social Affairs | accessdate=2008-04-24 | url=http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/health_safety/docs/ioelvs_en.pdf | title=Unofficial consolidated list of the IOEVLs
* cite book | title=Beyond Limits? Dealing with Chemical Risks at Work in Europe | author=Walters, D. & Grodzki, K. | year=2006 | publisher=Emerald Group Publishing | id=ISBN 0080448585 | url=http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=VbJzHlJFdVcC (Google Books)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужна помощь с курсовой?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Occupational exposure limit — An occupational exposure limit is an upper limit on the acceptable concentration of a hazardous substance in workplace air for a particular material or class of materials. It is typically set by competent national authorities and enforced by… …   Wikipedia

  • Median lethal dose — This article is about the toxicological term. For the album by Mudvayne, see L.D. 50 (album). For other uses, see LD50 (disambiguation). In toxicology, the median lethal dose, LD50 (abbreviation for “Lethal Dose, 50%”), LC50 (Lethal Concentration …   Wikipedia

  • Toxicology — (from the Greek words τοξικός toxicos poisonous and logos) is a branch of biology, chemistry, and medicine concerned with the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms.[1] It is the study of symptoms, mechanisms, treatments… …   Wikipedia

  • Toxicity — This article is about the scientific term. For other uses of toxicity and toxic, see Toxicity (disambiguation). The skull and crossbones is a common symbol for toxicity. Toxicity is the degree to which a substance can damage a living or non… …   Wikipedia

  • Dental amalgam controversy — Dental amalgam filling The dental amalgam controversy refers to the conflicting views over the use of amalgam as a filling material mainly because it contains the element mercury. The concern centers on the health effects of toxicity or allergy… …   Wikipedia

  • Economic Affairs — ▪ 2006 Introduction In 2005 rising U.S. deficits, tight monetary policies, and higher oil prices triggered by hurricane damage in the Gulf of Mexico were moderating influences on the world economy and on U.S. stock markets, but some other… …   Universalium

  • cosmos — /koz meuhs, mohs/, n., pl. cosmos, cosmoses for 2, 4. 1. the world or universe regarded as an orderly, harmonious system. 2. a complete, orderly, harmonious system. 3. order; harmony. 4. any composite plant of the genus Cosmos, of tropical… …   Universalium

  • Counterfactual conditional — For other uses, see Counterfactual (disambiguation). A counterfactual conditional, subjunctive conditional, or remote conditional, abbreviated cf, is a conditional (or if then ) statement indicating what would be the case if its antecedent were… …   Wikipedia

  • Europe, history of — Introduction       history of European peoples and cultures from prehistoric times to the present. Europe is a more ambiguous term than most geographic expressions. Its etymology is doubtful, as is the physical extent of the area it designates.… …   Universalium

  • nature, philosophy of — Introduction       the discipline that investigates substantive issues regarding the actual features of nature as a reality. The discussion here is divided into two parts: the philosophy of physics and the philosophy of biology.       In this… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”