- United Nations General Assembly Resolution 505
UN General AssemblyResolution 505 is titled "Threats to the political independence and territorial integrity of China and to the peace of the Far East, resulting from Soviet violations of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance of August 14, 1945and from Soviet violations of the Charter of the United Nations". The UN General Assembly adopted this resolution on 1 February 1952during its sixth session after the Republic of Chinacomplained to the United Nationsagainst the Soviet Union.
Japaninvaded Manchuria( Northeast China) in 1931and established Manchukuoin 1932. The Republic of Chinaprotested Japanese invasion and the League of Nationsvoted 42-1 (only Japan voted against) to pass the Lytton Reportto demand Manchuria be returned to China, but Japan refused to comply and left the League of Nations. China neither recognized Manchukuo nor was able to recover Manchuria.
World War II, the Yalta Conferenceforced China to recognize the independence of Mongolia. In line with the concluding statement of Yalta Conference and to receive the southern part of Sakhalin and the Kurile islands after the defeat of Japan, Soviet Unionimmediately fought against Japan. Later, USSR and ROC signed Treaty of Friendship and Alliance with the Republic of Chinaon 14 August 1945. However, the National Government of the Republic of Chinaconsidered the Soviet Union violating the treaty because of obstructing its efforts in re-establishing national authority in Manchuria and aided the Communist Party of Chinaby giving surrendered arsenals of Japanese Imperial Army and handing territorial control to the Chinese Communist Party in that area against United States marines aided military dispatchment and installation of Nationalist Government in North East China during the early period of Chinese Civil Warafter 1945.
In 1949, The
Chinese Civil Warresulted in Communist Party of China's victory and the establishment of People's Republic of China. The Communist Party of China founded the People's Republic of Chinaon October 1, 1949and the Kuomintanggovernment of the Republic of Chinawas forced to retreat to Taiwanwhere it continued to maintain itself as the sole legitimate government of all China while declaring the Communists' government to be illegitimate. With the support of the Western blocamid the Cold War, the Republic of China on Taiwan was able to retain the seat of China in the United Nations despite having lost so much territory to the Communists.
1952, the Republic of China complained to the United Nationsagainst the Soviet Union, which it resented for aiding the Communists in the Civil War. The UN General Assemblyadopted the Resolution 505 to condemn the Soviet Union with 25 votes for, 9 votes against, and 24 votes abstaining.
24 February 1953, the Legislative Yuanof the Republic of China abolished the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance and refused to recognize the independence of the Mongolian People's Republic. The Republic of China considered the Resolution 505 a diplomatic victory, even though the hope of recovering of mainland China and Mongolia grew increasingly dimmer as time passes by. The Republic of China once vetoed the Mongolian bid for UN membership in 1955, but the pressure from Soviet-bloc, third world states and non-aligned states eventually forced the Republic of China to stop blocking Mongolia, so Mongolia joined the UN in 1961.
UN General Assembly Resolution 2758was adopted on 25 October 1971, in line with Resolution 2758, which reads for the People's Republic of China to replace the "representatives of Chiang Kai-shek" in the United Nations. Resolution 2758 thus expelled Republic of China from UN. Recent attempts of the Republic of China to rejoin the UN never made it past committee due to opposition from PRC.
China and the United Nations
UN General Assembly Resolution 2758
Political status of Taiwan
Foreign relations of the People's Republic of China
Foreign relations of the Republic of China
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